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American Scenery: The Inn of the Roadside. 
Lithograph by E. Sachse and Co., Ballimore, 1872. (See p. 401) 

xember • 1963 




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Vol. 58, No. 4 December, 1963 



The Washington Race War of July, 1919 

Lloyd M. Abernethy 309 

The State and Dissenters in the Revolution 

Thomas O'Brien Hartley 325 

The Value of Personal Estates in Maryland, 1700-1710 

Robert G. Schonfeld and Spencer Wilson 333 

Baltimore City Place Names: Stony Run, Its Plantations, 
Farms, County Seats and Mills . William B. Marye 344 

Sidelights 378 

Predictions o£ a Civil War William S. Wilson 

Reviews of Recent Books 381 

Kelly, Quakers in the Founding of Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 

by Gust Skoidas 
Hume, Here Lies Virginia, by G. Hubert Smith 
Tucker, Puritan Protagonist, by Wilson Sttitb 
Bridenbaugh, Mitre and Sceptre, by Thomas O'Brien Hanley 
Anderson, By Sea and By River, by Curtis Carroll Davis 
Kane, The Amazing Mrs. Bonaparte, by Ellen Hart Smith 
MuUer, The Darkest Day: 1S14, by Francis F. Beirne 
Hilton, A History of the Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad 

by George F. Nixon 
Brewington, Shipcarvers of North America, by Ellen Hart Smith 
Wooster, The Secession Conventions of the South, 

by Marvin W. Kranz 
Greenfield, American Strategy in World War II: A Reconsideration, 

by Mark Watson 

Notes and Queries 397 

Contributors 402 

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assumes no responsibility for statements or optmons expressed in its pages. 

Richard Wakh, Editor 
C. A. Porter Hopkins, Asst. Editor 

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A Quarterly 

Volume 58 DECEMBER, 1963 Number 4 

OF JULY, 1919 

By Lloyd M. Abernethy 

IN the history o£ the nation's capital, July, 1919, is widely 
remembered as the month that President Wilson returned 
from Paris and submitted the Peace Treaty of the " War for 
Democracy" to the United States Senate. It is ironic that the 
same month also witnessed the most serious racial conflict in 
the history of the District of Columbia. For four days, July 
19-22, a full scale race war fed by the passions and prejudices 
of both whites and Negroes resisted the efforts of public auth- 
orities to restore order. This was not the first nor the only 
racial conflict in the violent year following the war. Before 
July 19, five race riots in scattered parts of the country had 
been repeated by the New York Times.^ The Washington riot, 

'The riots occurred in New York City; Millen, Georgia; Charleston, South 
Carolina; Longview, Texas; and Bisbee, Arizona. 




however, was the first of the year to capture nation-wide atten- 
tion and arouse serious press and public concern for the state 
of our race relations. This concern was to increase sharply 
during the summer of 1919, for the Washington riot was fol- 
lowed closely by majot (fisteflers In €tifCago, Knoit^lle, Otoa- 
ha, and Elaine, Arkansas. B^ore the year ended, twenty-six 
American cities had been scarred by racial affrays, making 
1919 one of the most tragic years in Negro-white relations in 
American history. While this study attempts to explain only 
the Washington race riot (or more accurately " race war ") , 
the author hopes that it will suggest some clues to understand- 
ing the general pattern of race relations after the war. 


The District of Columbia, in July, 1919, was still suffering 
from the effects of its extraordinary growth which began with 
America's entrance into the war in 1917. A large number of 
workers, many of whom were from the South, had migrated to 
Washington to assume temporary jolx created by the govern- 
ment in expanding its operations to meet wartime needs. The 
total population had jumped from 359,997 in 1916 to 455,428 
in 1919, an average increase of over 32,000 per year for the 
period compared to the yearly average of one to two thous- 
and before the war.^ Most (79,942) of the new residents were 
white and represented an increase of thirty per cent over the 
1916 white population. During the same period many Negroes, 
generally discontented with their lot in the South, were 
drawn to the North by the promise of fairer treatment and 
better-paying jobs.^ About 15,000 of them made their way to 
Washington, increasing the Negro population by fifteen per 
cent. In 1919, there were 340,796 whites and 114,632 Negroes 
in Washington, or approximately three whites for every Negro.* 

The capital in 1917 was not equipped physically to handle 
the heavy influx of workers nor was it able to remedy its defi- 

• U. S., House of Representatives, Annual Report of the Commissioners of the 
District of Columbia, 1916-I9I9. 

» See Carter G. Woodson, A Century of Negro Migration (Washington, 1918) , 
167-92, and Louise V. Kennedy, The Negro Peasant Turns Cityward (New York, 
1930) , pp. 41-58. 

*A. H. Shannon, The Negro in Washington (New York, 1930), p. 20. 


ciencies, let alone keep up with new demands for services, as 
the war months passed. Its facilites for transportation, enter- 
tainment, and telephone ^tice as well as its hotels, restau- 
rants, and private housing were all crowded and overworked.^ 
According to one observer, there was a shortage o£ everything 
"except incompetent people," and the only places "not abso- 
lutely congested " were the churches.'' Forced to wait in lines 
to eat meals, to board streetcars, to see movies, and even to 
brush his teeth in some instances, the Wadiington war worker 
led a " hurry-up-and-wait " existence. The harried competitive 
environment became even more intolerable to many white 
workers when they found themselves competing with Negroes 
for many advantages. 

The temporary war workers were not alone in resenting 
the presence of Negroes in the crowded environment. Not- 
withstanding the fact that the latter comprised only one quar- 
ter of the population, many native Washingtonians believed 
that their city was being overrun with Negroes. This attitude 
was particularly obvious in the matter of private housing. For- 
merly Negroes had been unofficially restricted to a " black 
belt " in the southwest section of Washington. With the rapid 
expansion of their numbers during the war, however, they 
began to spread into other residential areas, particularly the 
northwestern part of the city. Prior to 1919 their overflow into 
white residential sections had produced no major conflict, but 
it had caused a great deal of friction and was a constant source 
of resentment between the two races.' 

Washington's unsettled atmosphere was complicated fur- 
ther in the late spring and early summer of 1919 by the intro- 
duction of a new unstable element. Hundreds of service- 
men who had been discharged from nearby military camps 
came to Washington to find jobs.' Although no jobs were 
immediately available and the prospects were not good (since 
the government was beginning to dismantle its wartime agen- 

^ New York Times, April 20, 1919; " Living in War-swollen Washington is a 
Serious Problem," Literary Digest (April 27, 1918) , pp. 53-56. 

•Harrison Rhodes, "War-time Washington," Harper's Magazine, CXXXVI 
(March, 1918) , 465-77. 

' See William H. Jones, The Housing of Negroes in Washington, D. C. (Wash- 
ington, 1929) , pp. 58-59. 

» Washington Times, July 17, 18, 1919. 



cies) , many of the men preferred to stay in the city rather 
than return to their former hcMiies. In addition, there were 
many Washington men being discharged and returned to their 
homes in the District.* They, too, were unable to find jobs 
immediately and soon joiHed tlteir forHaer comrades in the 
streets and the near-beer saloons to joke, play cards, and trade 
grievances. Thus, a formidable body of young men— many still 
in uniform, unemployed and resentful of the employed, par- 
ticularly if they were colored, restless and full of energy— were 
eager for excitement wherever it might be found. 


For months prior to July, 1919, reports of crime— and par- 
ticularly Negro crime— had come to occupy an increasing 
amount of news space in Washington papers.^" There was 
some justification for the rise in total crime reporting; the 
crime rate in the District of Cohimbia had risen steadily since 
1917 (see chart below).^^ But the increase, when due consid- 
eration is given to the enormous population gains in the Dis- 
trict during the same period, was not spectacular. Nor was 
Washington's increase in crime unique; most other major 
American cities reported a similar increase for the war period. 
Yet the local Herald persisted in calling Washington " the 
most lawless city in the union "—a title it hardly deserved. 

There was less justification for the increased emphasis on 
Negro crime. The crime rate for Negroes was more than 
double that for whites, but up to and including 1919 they 
were responsible for less than half of the total crimes commit- 
ted each year. More important is the fact that there had been 

"Ibid., July 18, 1919. 

^° Herbert J. Seligmann, " What is Behind the Negro Uprisings? " Current 
Opinion, LXVII (September, 1919), 155; "Our Own Subject Race Rebels," 
Literary Digest (August 2, 1919) , 25. 
Crime in the District of Columbia. 

Year Total Arrests % White % Colored % Convictions 

1919 53,365 57.57 42.43 93.37 

1918 43.245 59.25 40.75 93.45 

1917 39,562 5858 41.72 93.38 

1916 39,377 54.50 45.50 91.77 

This table is based on data contained in the Annual Report of the Commis- 
sioners of the District of Columbia, 1919, pp. 188-89. 



practically no increase (the 1919 rate was less than two per 
cent higher than in 1918, less than one per cent higher than 
1917, and three per cent lower than in 1916) in the per cent 
o£ Negroes arrested for crimes. Since the percentage o£ total 
convictions (see table n. 11) had Temai@ed constant since 
1917, and because there was no reason to suspect a revolution- 
ary change in the percentage of Negro convictions, it is appar- 
ent that while crime had increased in Washington in 1919 
the percentage of crime attributed to the Negro remained 
practically stable. According to the statistics o£ the Washing- 
ton Police Department, Negro crime did not deserve the 
greater or an increased share of publicity. Nevertheless, the 
Washington papers, published for a predominately white audi- 
ence, seemed unconcerned about the impressions of the Negroes 
conveyed by their reporting. 

In late June and early July, several Negro assaults on 
white women provided the capital's newspapers with sensa- 
tional headlines for weeks. The Washington Herald ran front 
page stories on " crimes against women " and " Negro fiends " 
for thirteen of the first seventeen days of July. The Times 
carried fewer stories but surpassed the Herald in sensational- 
ism. The Post and Evening Star, commonly acknowledged to 
be the most sober of Washington newspapers, published arti- 
cles on Negro crime almost daily. Most of the incidents re- 
ported were exaggerated; others— recited to police or reporters 
by frightened and excited women— proved to be completely 
groundless upon investigation. Records of the Washington 
Police Department, furnished later by its chief, showed three 
attempted assaults and one case of rape in the District of 
Columbia for the month preceding July 19. One man— who, 
ironically, had been apprehended before the nineteenth— was 
suspected of three of the four assaults.^^ In contiguous Mary- 
land, one assault was reported in the first nineteen days of 
July. However, because of the newspaper articles, a large seg- 
ment of the white population was convinced that a Negro 

^''Herbert J. Seligmann, "Race War?" New Republic (August 13, 1919), 49; 
Glenn Frank, " The Clash of Color, the Negro in American Democracy," Cen- 
tury, XCIX (November, 1919), 87. A Negro newspaper, the New York Age, 
reported that the first woman assaulted was a colored school teacher. July 26, 



" crime wave " was abroad. On July 2, the Columbia Heights 
Citizens Association threatened to hold a " lynching bee " un- 
less the crimes were halted." On the night of July 8, thirty 
white men almost lynched a Negro before he was able to con- 
vince them that he was not guilty of assaulting white Women." 

Under the pressure of public opinion the Washington police 
conducted a large scale search for Negro suspects. In a num- 
ber of cases they were overly zealous in their eflEorts; they 
invaded Negro homes without search warrants and indiscrim- 
inately rounded up hundreds of innocent Negroes for ques- 
tioning." The Negroes were both alarmed and infuriated. 
Already basically suspicious of white policemen, they were 
convinced by these incidents that they could not expect fair 
treatment or protection from the police department. 

By July 9, the state of public opinion appeared so danger- 
ous to the Washington branch of the National Association for 
the Advancement of Colored People that its director wrote to 
the fmzr lading Washingtrai wewsjMpors calling the attention 
of the editors to the explosiveness of the situation. He pre- 
dicted that race riots might result unless the papers moderated 
their reporting of Negro crime.^' Of the four newspapers, 
only the Evening Star acknowledged the justice of this warn- 
ing. The Herald mentioned the possibility of violence: " Trou- 
ble seems to be brewing in Washington, and, although the 
police laugh at the possibility of racial affrays, extra precau- 
tions are being taken in territory largely settled by colored 
people." " Apparently, however, ntme of the major newspa- 
pers took any definite action to ease the growing tension be- 
tween the whites and the Negroes. 

On July 12, the local Negro newspaper— sensing impending 
disaster— voiced the hope that all Negroes would not be held 
responsible for the crimes of individual colored men: 

The Bee takes this opportunity to say to the people in this city 
that colored citizens are as much in favor of bringing these viola- 
tors of the law to justice as any other class of American citizens. 

" Washington Post, July 2, 1919. 
" Washington Herald, July 9, 1919. 
" Ibid., July 10, 1919. 

Seligmann, Current Opinion, LXVII, 155. 
"July 10, 1919. 



The Bee hopes that the recent crimes committed will not mihtate 
in the least a^inst the law-tdHcMs^ catizem in &e c<»Qmumty. 
Any man who outrages the honor of a female should be severely 


Shortly after ten o'clock cai the night of July 18, a young 
white woman— on the way home from her job at the Bureau 
of Printing and Engraving— was approached and jostled by 
two Negroes as she walked alraig Twelfth Street in southwest 
Washington. When she screamed the Negroes fled and man- 
aged to escape the pursuit of several white men who were near 
the scene of the incident. By the next day, Saturday, the news 
of this latest " outrage " was widespread. The Post carried the 
story in an article entitled " Negroes Attack Girl." Rewards 
totaling more than $2000 were raised by private subscription 
for the arrest of the assailants.^" The chief of police issued 
orders for policemen to question all young men, white or col- 
ored, found loitering anywhere after nightfall.*^ But even with 
these precautions neither the police nor the Negroes appeared 
prepared for what followed. 

The streets of Washington were more crowded than usual 
on Saturday night. Added to the civilian workers and the 
transient ex-servicemen were hundreds of soldiers, sailors, and 
Marines on leave or pass from nearby military installations. 
Early in the evening a report was circulated among the serv- 
icemen that a sailor's wife had been attacked by a Negro. 
Incensed by what appeared to be a serious wrong to a fellow 
serviceman, some of the young men determined to seek 
revenge. Soon (it is not known who started it or where it 
began) the word was being passed around for all servicemen 
to meet at the Knights of Columbus Hut at Seventh Street and 
Pennsylvania Avenue. From there a group of several hundred 

" Washington Bee, July 12, 1919. 

Washington Post, July 19, 1919. Also, see varied accounts in the Evening 
Star (Washington), July 19, 1919; New York Times, July 21, 1919; and the New 
York Age, July 26, 1919. 

""New York Times, July 20, 1919. 

21 Washington Post, July 19, 1919. 
Evening Star (Washington), July 20, 1919. The rumor about "a sailor's 
wife " probably originated with the Evening Star's account (July 19, 1919) of 
the Friday night assult in which the woman was said to be the wife of a Naval 
aviator. Actually her husband was a civilian employee in the Naval Aviation 
Department. New York Times, July 21, 1919; New York Age. July 26, 1919. 



men, who were joined by other servicemen and civilians as 
they moved along, set out for the colored district intent on 
beating a suspect of the recent assaults on white women who 
had been released by the police. Before the police became 
aware of what was taking place and initiated action to dis- 
perse the mob, two Negroes had been seriously beaten with 
clubs and lead pipes and several others injured. The mob's 
action was shortlived but before morning its effect had aroused 
tension and fear in every corner of the colored section. In the 
early hours of the morning a policeman was shot and gravely 
wounded when he challenged a frightened Negro in south- 
west Washington.^* 

The next day was a typical summer Sunday in Washing- 
ton—quiet, hot, and humid. The police were more alert than 
usual and it appeared that the riot had been nothing more 
than a minor Saturday night incident. Shortly after ten o'clock 
Sunday night, however, groups of whites— composed of both 
servicemen and civilians as on the previous night— began 
attacking individual Negroes on Pennsylvania Avenue between 
Seventh Street and the Treasury Building.^' Three Negroes 
were sent to the Emergency Hospital from Seventh Street. 
Later, three Negroes were beaten by Marines and soldiers at 
Fifteenth Street and New York Avenue in northwest Wash- 
ington. On G street a young Negro was dragged from a street- 
car, beaten and chased by a mob for several blocks before he 
escaped.^* In front of the Riggs Bank the rioters beat a Negro 
with clubs and stones wrapped in handkerchiefs; the bleeding 
figure lay in the street for over twenty minutes before being 
taken to the hospital.^' 

Sensing the failure of the police, the mob became even more 
contemptuous of authority— two Negroes were attacked and 
beaten directly in front of the White House. At one A.M. 
police headquarters received a riot call from Ninth Street and 
New York Avenue where between 200 and 250 servicemen and 
civilians were attacking Negroes. Five minutes later another 

Washington Herald, July 20, 1919; Washington Post, July 21, 1919. 
" Washington Times, July 20, 1919. 

Washington Post, July 21, 1919; " Racial Tensions and Race Riots," The 
Outlook (August 6, 1919) , 533. 

New York Times, July 21, 1919. 
" Washington Post, July 21, 1919. 



riot call came from Tenth and L Streets in northwest Wash- 
ington. Shortly thereafter, it was reported that soldiers had 
attacked Negroes near the American League baseball park.^^ 
AnoUjer incident occurred near SeveftA Street and Pennsyl- 
vania Avenue when a policeman attempting to arrest a sol- 
dier was threatened by a mob; he managed to hold his pris- 
oner, however, until reinfofcemenls isrweS..^ 

By three A.M. the city had begrm to quiet down. To pre- 
vent other outbreaks the police reserves remained on duty 
throughout the night to bolster the regular patrolmen. The 
toll for the night included fifteen Negroes with serious injur- 
ies who had been taken to the Emergency Hospital; many 
others— bruised, bleeding, and frightened— received first aid 
treatment at police headquarters.** That there were no deaths 
was probably due to the fact that the rioters had employed 
few weapons; for the most part they had resorted to their 

By Monday morning, the extent and seriousness of the riots 
had stirred Washington officials into action. Louis Brownlow, 
Chairman of the District Commissioners, and the Chief of the 
Washington Police Department conferred with Secretary of 
War Newton D. Baker and Army Chief of Staff General Pey- 
ton C. March.*^ As a result the Provost Guard, which had 
been removed from the streets on June 15 as a demobiliza- 
tion measure, was restored to supplement the city police. Sec- 
retary Baker issued a statement deploring the participation of 
soldiers in the riots and explaining that the War Department 
had no jurisdiction over the large number of discharged men 
still in uniform in Washington. The Secretary of the Navy, 
Josephus Daniels, issued orders to the Naval Commander in 
the District to report all names of sailors or Marines who might 
have taken part in the riots.*^ Commissioner Brownlow made 
a general appeal for order. "The actions of the men who 
attacked innocent Negroes cannot be too strongly condemned," 
he said, "and it is the duty of every citizen to express his sup- 

"2Vea) York Times, July 21, 1919. 
"^Evening Star (Washington), July 21, 1919. 

'"One police official who witnessed the fighting estimated that at least 100 
persons suffered injuries of a minor character, Washington Post, July 21, 1919. 
Evening Star (Washington) , July 21, 1919. 
" The World (New York) , July 22, 1919. 



port o£ law and order by refraining from any inciting conver- 
sation or the repetition of inciting rumor and tales. "^^ For 
the Negroes, the NAACP sent a direct protest to President 
Wilson which condemned mofe violence and urged the en- 
forcement of order.^* 

At the same time preliminary preventive measures were 
being taken, however, more active efiforts were underway to 
intensify the disorder. The front page of the Monday morn- 
ing edition of the Washington Post carried the following state- 
ment under the subtitle " Mobilization few Tonight ": 

It was learned that a mobilization of every available serviceman 
stationed in or near Washington or on leave here has been ordered 
for tomorrow evening near the Knights of Columbus hut; on Penn- 
sylvania Avenue between Seventh tod Eighth Streets. 

The hour of assembly is 9 o'clock and the purpose is a ' clean- 
up ' that will cause the events of the last two evenings to pale into 

Whether official cognizance of this assemblage and its intent will 
bring about its forestalling ctonot be told.** 

Faced by such open threats as this and convinced after two 
nights of uncontrolled rioting that the Washington police 
could not or would not protect them from the mobs, many 
Negroes began to arm themselves.^* According to the Negro 
newspaper, the New York Age, some Negroes sought to defend 
their homes and themselves while others armed to strike back 
at the whites. Pawnshops and other dealers in the District did 
a thriving business in guns and ammunition, selling second- 
hand pistols for as much as fifty dollars apiece. The Washing- 
ton police later estimated that more than 500 guns were sold 
in the District on Monday.*' One Washington correspondent 
reported that Negroes placed three machine guns with hun- 
dreds of rounds of ammunition and hand grenades in " high 
powered cars " for attacks on the white population.** 

»» Quoted in the New York Age, July 26, 1919. 

'*Neu> York Times, July 22, 1919. 
"July 21, 1919. 

"Seligmann, Current Opitiion, LXVII, 155; Editorial, New Republic (August 
6, 1919) , p. 1. 

"The World (New York), July 22, 1919; Washington Post, July 22, 1919. 

'^Neto York Age, August 2, I9I9. Even i£ the Negroes did possess machine 
guns and hand grenades there is no evidence that they used them during the 



The retaliatory spirit of the Negroes was first demonstrated 
at eleven o'clock on Monday morning. Four Negroes fired eight 
shots from a speeding car at a white sentry and several patients 
in front of the Naval Hospital in Georgetown.** Fortunately 
no one was injured and the car with its occupants was cap- 
tured later in the afternoon. On Monday night, rioting broke 
out again in northwest Washington between Seventh and 
Ninth Streets and along Pennsylvania Avenue. The police and 
the Provost Guard managed to restrict the main white mob to 
the downtown area but they found it impossible to keep the 
streets clear elsewhere. The fighting, however, took a different 
turn from the previous nights— the whites fared as badly or 
worse than the Negroes. Early in the evening a white Marine 
was shot and stabbed by a Negro near the White House.*" At 
the corner of Fourth and N Streets a crowd of Negroes attacked 
a streetcar. At Seventh and F Streets a Negro fired into a 
crowd from the rear of a truck; he wm killed when a detec- 
tive returned the fire.*^ Another Negro emptied his revolver 
into a crowded streetcar at Seventh and G Streets, wounding 
a white man and a thirteen-year-old boy. A policeman fired 
five bullets into the Negro who somehow survived to be taken 
to the hospital.*^ 

At Ball's Alley in northwest Washington, a young Negro 
woman shot and killed a detective who had entered her home 
to investigate a report of shooting in the area. Another detec- 
tive was seriously wounded by the same girl.*' In front of the 
Carnegie Library a young Negro boy was knocked off his bicy- 
cle by a mob of whites. Cries of " Lynch himl " and " Who's 
got the rope? " were heard but police rescued him before the 
threats could be carried out.** 

Towards midnight, some of the Negroes organized and 
assigned bands of raiders to automobiles stocked with guns 

=' Washington Times, July 22, 1919; Evening Star (Washington), July 21, 1919. 
" Washington Post, July 22, 1919. The Marine died two days later. Ibid., 
July 24, 1919. 

" The World (New York) , July 22, 1919. 
" Washington Post, July 22, 1919. 

*' New York Times, Jaly 22, 1919. Evening Star (Wwfliington) , July 22, 1919. 
For quite dMEerent accounts of this incidait, see Nem York Age, July 26, 1919, 
and a pktnphlet by Edgar M. Grey, The Washington Riot: Its Cause and Effect 
(New York: By the Author, n. d.) , p. 2. 

**New York Times, July 22, 1919. 



and ammunition. About 1:30 A.M., one of these cars— manned 
by two Negro men and three women— sped through the streets 
o£ Washington firing at every white person they saw. They 
wounded a policeman, a soldiel- Arid several other people 
before the driver was killed and the car captured. Sporadic 
attacks by Negroes continued throughout most of the night. 
By morning the toll included four dead, one dying, five seri- 
ously wounded, forty-one admitted to the Emergency Hospital, 
and dozens less seriously injured.** 

Many illegally armed Negroes were brought into police 
headquarters during the night. On Tuesday's court docket 
there were more than fifty charges of carrying concealed weap- 
ons and twice as many charges of disorderly conduct.** Dur- 
ing the day sixty-five persons, most (rf whom were Negroes, 
were convicted of disorderly conduct and fined twenty-five dol- 
lars or sentenced to twenty-five days in jail.*'' 

Congress took its first official cognizance of the breakdown 
of law and order in Washington on Tuesday. Three measures 
were introduced in the House of Representatives to deal with 
the emergency but they offered no immediate relief.** Of more 
importance were the actions o£ the executive branch. After a 
conference with President Wilson on Tuesday afternoon, the 
Secretary of War announced that Major William G. Hahn, 
head of the War Plans Division of the General Staff, had been 
designated commander of a special guard of soldiers, sailors, 
and Marines detailed to assist Washington police.** By night- 
fall, more than a thousand troops had been brought into the 
city from Camp Meade, Quantico, and several ships anchored 
in the Potomac. Armed with pistols and machine guns, one- 
third of the troops patrolled the streets with the police while 
the others remained on duty in the police stations to handle 
emergency calls."" 

" rbid.; Washington Post, July 22, 1919. 

** Evening Star (Washington), July 22, 1919. 

*' Washington Post, July, 23, 1919. 

" Rep. Clark (Florida) asked for an invest%2tkm into the prevalence of crime 
in Washington. Reps. Vaile (Colorado) and Emerson (C%io) called iex the 
establishment of martial law by the President. Rep. Hill (New York) asked for 
a restriction on the sale of firearms in the District, The World (New York) , 
July 23, 1919. 

" Washington Herald, July 24, 1919. 

=» Washington Post, July 23, 1919. 



Small groups of whites and blacks cfeslied in the northwes- 
tern part of the city during the day but there was no general 
disturbance until after nightfall. When darkness came there 
were noticeably fewer Negroes on the streets than on previous 
nights. Evidently they had followed the advice of policemen 
who had circulated through the Negro sections during the 
afternoon advising Negroes to keep off the streets. Neverthe- 
less, observers reported that throughout the city there was the 
same sense of suppressed excitement and tension which had 
existed on Sunday and Monday nights. One reporter, who 
visited the N^;ro secticm ©n Tuesday iii^t, said that the Ne- 
groes were obsessed with fear and dread lest " a new East St. 
Louis " was at hand. But, even though they were frightened— 
the reporter noted— they were ako deteitakied to barricade 
themselves in their homes and fight back should a mob come.''^ 

Shortly after ten o'clock, two white Home Guard officers 
approached a Negro at Ninth and M Streets ostensibly to 
question him. The Negro drew a revolver, shot and killed one 
officer and gravely wounded his companion. Before a crowd 
could gather the assailant had escaped.'* Another incident 
occurred on L Street when two Negroes leaped from a buggy 
and attacked a white youth who managed to escape without 
serious injury. In mid-town, a large group of whites (esti- 
mated at more than 2,000) gathered and started towards 
the Negro section, but before they could reach their objective 
they were dispersed by mounted troops and a heavy downpour 
of rain. The rain continued sporadically throughout the night 
and greatly assisted the police in breaking up other attempts 
to form mobs." Small scattered clashes and many false alarms 
from nervous citizens kept the police occupied but by mid- 
night the situation appeared to be under control. Only one 
Negro was admitted to the Emergency Hospital during the 

" The Washington Riots," The Nation (August 9, 1919) , 173. In the riot 
at East St. Louis, Illinois, in I9I7 at least thirty-nine Negroes and eight white 
people were killed outright and hundreds of Negroes were wounded or maimed. 
See U. S., House of Representatives, Riot at East St. Louis, Report of the Spe- 
cial Committee Authorized by Congress to Investigate the East St. Louis Riots, 
65th Cong., 2nd Sess., 1918, House Doc. 1231. 

" Washington Post, July 23, 1919. 

" Evening Star (Washington) , July 23, 1919. 



The next day billiard rooms, movie houses, and near-beer 
saloons in the districts where most of the rioting had occurred 
were closed. A few isolated incidents took place later in the 
week but the presence of a large number of troops and the 
consistent vi^lmce of she police discouraged any further 
attempts at serious rioting. After four days, the riot had been 
siKx:essfully put down but not until six people had been killed 
and a large number injured. 


It seems clear that the precipitating cause of the Washing- 
ton riot was the " attack " upon the white woman on July 18. 
But it is equally as obvious that this incident would not have 
set off the riot had not conditions in Washington been ripe 
for it. The lack of restraint in reporting Negro crime exhibited 
by the Washington press; the background of Negro-white fric- 
tion which prepared the whites to believe the worst about the 
Negroes and to cmidone efforts to " put the Negro in his 
place "; and the presence of a large group of irresponsible 
young men, susceptible to rumor and prone to rash action, 
who confused all Negroes with criminals; these were the 
principal causes leading to the outbreak of violence. However, 
despite the guilt of white people in initiating the riot, the 
extent and seriousness of the disorder must be attributed to 
another source. Until the third day— when the Negroes began 
fighting back— violence had been restricted to the fist-and-club 
stage and no one had been killed. It seems safe to say that 
probably no would have been killed, the riot would have 
ended sooner, and it would have gone down as a minor affray 
had the Negroes not resisted the whites. 

Even though the violence was deplorable it cannot be 
denied, however, that Washington Negroes were justified in 
making the riot a bilateral " war." They were attacked and 
were convinced, by the events leading up to the attacks and 
the failure of the Washington police to stop them, that they 
had no defense but themselves. The one great failure of the 
police was that they did not have the confidence of the col- 
ored people and did not make any pronounced effort to assure 
them of security either before or during the riot. However, the 



significance of the Washington riot is not that the Negro was 
left to his own defenses but that he did not run away and hide 
as he had on previous occasions; for the first time he fought 
back at his persecutors. 

While many of the Negro attackers were of the vagrant ele- 
ment—" poolroom hangers-on and men from the alleys and 
side streets "—the attitude of " fighting back " was widespread 
among Negroes in Washington.^* " During the riot," stated 
one Washington Negro, " I went home when through with 
my work and stayed there, but I prepared to protect my home. 
I am as law-abiding as anybody, but I believe I must protect 
my home and myself when necessary. If a Negro had nothing 
but a fire poker when set upon, he should use it to protect his 
home. I believe all the men in my block felt the same way." 
Another Negro said: " We are tired of being picked on and 
being beat up. We have been through war and gave every- 
thing, even our lives, and now we are going to stc^ being beat 
up." The Washington Bee summed up the general attitude 
by saying, " The black man is loyal to his country and to his 
flag, and when his country fails to protect him, he means to 
protect himself." 

These statements and the actions of Washington Negroes 
suggest that their attitude was more than a local phenomenon 
and that it fundamentally reflected the profound impact of 
the war experience on Negroes in general. Washington Neg- 
roes al(Mig with their brothers and sisters throughout the coun- 
try played a significant role in the total war effort. They served 
in the armed forces, many saw combat, and some died in 
battle. Those sent overseas discovered social equality for the 
first time among the French, an experience they did not soon 
forget. At home, Negroes purchased Liberty Bonds, contrib- 
uted to the Red Cross, saved food, and generally worked as 
heartily as white people to bring an end to the conflict."* The 
men found better grades of employment; some worked at wage- 
earning jobs for the first time. Many women came out of the 

"New York Age, August 2, 1919. 

Quoted in George E. Haynes, "What Negroes Think of the Race Riots," 
The Public (August 9, 1919) , 848. 

"August 2, 1919. 

"'See Emmett J. Scott, The American Negro in the World War (Washing- 



kitchens of the whites and found better pay, shorter hours, and 
less menial work in jobs as elevator operators and office clean- 
ing women.''* Negroes had more money, they dressed better, 
they took more pride in themselves and began doing some 
thinking and speaking for themselves."" 

Encouraged by the idealistic goals of the war effort, Negroes 
had hopes for a better future for themselves. In fact, in many 
ways by many people— government officials, race leaders, and 
newspaper editors— they were promised a new era. In an inter- 
view with a Negro leader in March, 1919, President Wilson 

I have always known that the Negro has been unjustly and un- 
fairly dealt with. Your people have exhibited a degree of loyalty 
and patriotism that should command the admiration of the whole 
nation. In the present conflict your race has rallied to the nation's 
call, and if there has been any evidence of slackerism by Negroes, 
the same has not reached Washington. Great principles of right- 
eousness are won by slow degrees. With thousands of your sons in 
the camps in France, out of this conflict you must expect nothing 
but full citizenship rights— the same as are enjoyed by all other 

The Negro emerged from the war experience with a new 
conception of himself and hk relation to democracy. " Out of 
this war," wrote the editor off the Washington Bee on. April 
26, 1919, " the Negro expects— he demands— justice, and can 
not and will not be content with less . . . Our men were not 
afraid to die, even when three thousand miles from home, and 
they will not be afraid to die for democracy here at home if 
it is much longer refused them." The race war in Washington 
was an open declaration of the Negro's new attitude. No longer 
would he submit to being chased and beaten without a vigor- 
ous protest. It was also a warning of what was to be expected 
and what was to come in the racial aflErays that followed in 

ton, 1919) ; George E. Haynes, " Race Riots in Relation to Democraqf," Survey 
(August 9, 1919), 698. 

Geoijfe E. Haynes, The Negro at Work During the World War and Dur- 
ing Reconstruction (Washington, 1921) : New York Times, March 16, 1919. 

Frank, Century, XCIX, 90. 
•1 Quoted in J. G. Robinson, Why I Am an Exile (n.p., n.d.) , p. 3, copy in 
Schomberg collection of New York Public Library. 



By Thomas O'Brien Hanley, S. J. 

TT would be an oversimplification to say that there was 
merely the appearance of conscience as Americans revolted 
against the mother country. Their appeal to natural right has 
been ascribed to rationalization of unrighteous conduct. Yet 
the continual preoccupation of important Americans with the 
tightness or wrongness of their actions at the various stages of 
the Revolution shows that conscience was prcMtnpting. Sincer- 
ity is not easily tested. Rather than decide this matter, it is 
better to continue with the reconstruction of the complexity 
of the human situation which was the American Revolution 
in its moral dimension. There are some smaller, more man- 
ageable aspects of this larger question worth pursuing. 

The current state of scholarship points to one clear area 
where conscience was very much alive during the Revolution. 
Such pacifists as the Quakers provide the more striking in- 
stances. Others had a much more complex adjustment of prin- 
ciples to make. There were pacifists among Methodists, but in 
addition they were of a church united with the English state. 
Not merely the rightness or wrongness of war, then, but the 
guilt or innocence involved in severance of that state and its 
church. In this latter dilemma was found the distress of other 
members of the Church of England, in addition to Methodists. 

Whether the majority of Marylanders, who were Anglicans, 
were deeply distressed in conscience over this exact point 
is not certain. The political feature of Toryism probably 
played a more important role in the decision of the average 
opponent of the Revolution. Among the clergy, however, the 
religious and moral distress was most pronounced, and it is 
their writings and actions which dramatize the struggles of 

All of this is not to say that those who found no problem 
in accepting the Revolution were bereft of social conscience. 




Writings o£ their clergy show they were conscientious. Pres- 
byterian and Roman Catholic morality of war and politics 
provided immediate justification of the Revolution. Theory 
regarding the nature of the church stood in the way of 
neither. But the conscience of the Rev<di*tion does not stand 
so significantly revealed here as in the religious dissenters or 
the doubtful. 

While the State had made its own decision, how did it deal 
with those who had not or who had dissented for religious rea- 
sons? Was security of state used conscientiously as a consider- 
ation in dealing with the open dissenter? The action of the 
state in these matters would deeply affect the freedom with 
which men in good conscience took up or rejected the cause 
of Revolution. The action of the state could thus create an 
amoral social movement and to that extent an inhuman one. 

There is evidence indeed that many were deprived of their 
civil liberties during the American Revolution. Maryland had 
its own instances. A closer examination, however, will bring 
out the other side of this picture. The state is found possessed 
of a reasonable delicacy of conscience in dealing with religious 
doubters and the dissenters. The conscience of the Revolution 
then is under scrutiny insofar as the new state is the agent of 
the Revolution. 

Those responsible for law and order had a most complex 
task in assuring the rights of conscientious dissenters. It was 
for them, as William Eddis put it, " to stem the torrent excited 
by factious artifices." At the other extreme were those who 
would use religion's privileges for Tory purposes. Even those 
who innocently followed their own lights might through im- 
prudence jeopardize the safety of the state at war with Eng- 
land. Yet the Tory Eddis put his hope in " many respectable 
characters," with whom this difficult business rested. " Consid- 
ering the complexion of the times," he concluded optimisti- 
cally, " their proceedings have been regular and moderate." ^ 

Maryland governmental records make it clear that the state 
understood its difficult position. In Article 4 of the proceed- 
ings of the Constitutional Convention, members had to state 
the major assumption of any revolutionary government, con- 

* William Eddis, Letters from America, Historical and Descriptive; Compris- 
ing Occurrences from 1769 to 1777, Inclusive (London, 1792) , pp. 210-12. 


trary as it was to the religious views of many dissenters: " The 
doctrine of non-resistance against arbitrary power and oppres- 
sion, is absurd, slavish, and destructive of the good and hap- 
piness of mankind." ^ The Constitution, however, generously 
sought to protect clergymen and religicww ■dMsenters.^ They 
could not in conscience accept this statement which satisfied 
the conscience of the state. In view of the strong position 
taken by the state, self-discipline was required in interpret- 
ing the cases of clergy and dissenters, if the state would be 

The Council and various officials found these duties ex- 
tremely difficult. General William Smallwood experienced the 
military official's problem. He found many on the Eastern 
Shore of Maryland who pleaded that religion and not politics 
led them to be disaffected toward the Maryland revolution- 
ary government. They thus felt obliged to aid the British. 
" Tho[ugh] there are some exceptions," Smallwood explained 
in one report, " wherein Ignorant men from their Religious 
Attachments have been deluded (those are readily distin- 
guished &: to be pittied) yet by far the greater number con- 
ceal their true motives, & make Religion a Cloak for their 
nefarious designs." * William Paca, the same year and in the 
same area, told of two clergymen who exemplified Smallwood's 
contention. His patience was tried in dealing with them. " If 
in the Heat of Zeal," he wrote to Governor Thomas Johnson, 
" I may advise any Extremity out of the straight Line of the 
Law for [of] our Constitution I hope I shall be excused: as 
to Extremities from necessity they will need no Apology or 
Justification." ' 

The Assembly earnestly tried to deal with these difficult sit- 
uations while safeguarding freedom. For only in this way 
would the conscience of the Revolution be truly free. As early 

' Maryland, Proceedings of the Convention of the Province of Maryland, Held 
at Annapolis, in 1774, 1775, ir 1776 (Annapolis, 1836), p. 297 (hereafter Pro- 
ceedings of the Convention) . 

'Ibid., p. 375; November 11, 1776. One Nathan Perigo, for example, was said 
to be pretending to be a clergyman in order to avoid paying a substitute tax 
for military service. 

* March 14, 1777, Snow Hill; William H. Browne, et al. (eds.) , Archives of 
Maryland (68 vols.; Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1883- ), XVI, 176. 

"August 25, 1777, Cecil Court House; Arch, of Md., XVI, 345. Paca 
described one Methodist preacher, John Patterson, as the " most provoking [,] 
exasperating mortal that ever existed " (pp. 364-65) . 



as 1775 the right of religious dissenters was established. The 
Maryland lawmakers stated that the citizen had an obligation 
to defend his country and to bear arms. " Clergymen of all 
denominations," they hastened to add, " and such persons wiio 
from their religious principles cannot bear arms in any case 
[are] excepted. . . ." » During the ^r pcried, records of the 
s<atc government ^ow many instances where higher officials 
sent directives to lower ones, restraining them from acti^ 
gainst dissenters. Often lower officials would refer the more 
difficult cases of conscientious objectors to their superiors.^ 

Minutes of the Kent Monthly Meeting of Quakers gave evi- 
dence of the Assembly's success with laws which favored the 
free exercise of conscience. The period following 1776 does 
not reveal mafiy im^s^ces ¥^iere Quakers were refused the 
benefit of those laws which protected pacifists.^ Their practice 
of actively encouraging others to pacifism could often have 
pamed fer dbstructi<xi oi nationsl defente. Officials reported 
little difficulty in this reipect. Many Quakers refused to pay 
for substitutes in the miHtia as the law sometimes required. 
But nearly a year passed before the minutes make mention of 
any trouble from the state government over such matters.® 
Confiscations were often made by the state governments when 
Quakers failed to pay for substitutes in the militia. The Quaker 
fund in Maryland to help those so penalized was not drawn 
on very heavily, which indicates the mild effect of the law 
there.^" All of these observations are drawn from the Eastern 
Shore, where the government would incline to be stricter in 
view of the greater danger there of collaboration with the Eng- 
lish. Treatment must have been more lenient on the Western 
Shore where there was less danger. 

Methodists, who had pacifists among them, had experiences 
with the Maryland Government similar to those of Quakers. 
The distinguished Thomas Coke, and other Methodist preach- 
ers, in some of their writings might tend to give a contrary 

^ P>o(!eedtii|[s of the Convaition, pp. 19-20. See also ibid., p. 74, where a 
yeMT iMer 'Aas prtmihm Ivsm leitentted, nidMed, and special place given to the 
Royal Governor EdeB aad hn houaehc^. 

^ See, for example, the ProeeeHnes of the Co«neH of Safety, March 1, 1777 
and March 13, 1778, Arch, of Md., XVI, 156 and 585. 

« December 10, 1777, Minutes (Traascripts, Md. Hist. Soc.) . 

"Ibid., October 8, 1777. 

^•Ibid., August 10, 1785. 


impression.^^ In context their remarks do not add up to a case 
of intolerance against the state government. Such writers did 
not distinguish among the Methodist sufferers whom they 
record. Rank Torism and open sedition, particularly in the 
circumstances of Clowe's Rebellion alter cases.^^ 

Francis Asbury, who was to be the first Methodist bishop 
in America, witnessed in his own career during the Revolu- 
tio« the determination of the state to give protection to citi- 
zens so that they might freely adjust their consciences. His 
journal describes an instance of minor annoyance and obstruc- 
tion. He tells how the local state (^lk:ial ttood by ready to 
intervene with the instigators had they continued troubling 
Asbury.^' In the early years of the War he once entered Anna- 
polis with distrust, though Maryknd assemblymen had en- 
couraged him by assuring him of a place to preach. " Con- 
trary to my expectations," Asbury later wrote, " I preached 
in the church. . . ." " At Frederick, & few months before the 
surrender at Yorktown, he preached at the court house with- 
out incident. Attendance at his preaching during these diffi- 
cult times was generally good. Methodists grew remarkably in 
numbers during the Revolutionary Period. This indicates that 
external mobility as well as internal freedom in conscience was 
considerable for the times." 

Freeborn Garrettson, another Methodist preacher, tested 
how conscientious the state was in respecting personal free- 
dom durmg the War. He had been a companion of Martin 
Rodda, something of a Tory jH*eaAer, which made Garrettson 
suspect with some. There was also a natural tendency to be 
impatient with pacifists such as Garrettson in those times. 
" Brother Garrettson will let no person escape a religious lec- 
ture that comes in his way," Francis Asbury had said of him.^* 

"■Extracts from the Journals of the Rev. Dr. Coke's Five Visits to America 
(London, 1793) , December 5, 1784, entry. 

" Arch, of Md., XVI, 535 ff. 

Elmer T. Clark et al. (eds.) , The Journal and Letters of Francis Asbury 
(3 vols.; Nashville, 1958) , I, 154 (April 20, 1775) and 473 (December 12, 1784) . 

"76id., p. 241; June 27, 1777. 

"Ibid., p. 430 (July 21, 1782) and p. 155 (April 29, 1775). Previous men- 
tion has been made of Asbury's sympathy with the American cause and how 
knowledge of this was withheld from state officials and the public in general. 
The active hostility of Wesley toward the Revolution could not but be iden- 
tified with Asbury, which accounted for the ill regard in which he was held 
until the interception of his letter ccmtaining patriotic sentiments. 



His fervor made him a typical Methodist preacher but the 
intensity noted by Asbury would also make him more trying 
to reluctant hearers of his words. Others would have fared 
better from the tolerance ©£ people. Finally, there was hardly 
a more widely trwelkd itinenm preacher in Maryland than 
he. Garrettson thus provides a very reliable test for the whole 

One of the most brutal and unjust attacks on Garrettson 
was dramatically stopped by the intervention of a magistrate 
in Kent County. When soldiers began to treat him roughly, 
a bystander provided a horse which carried him to the local 
magistrate. " I told him," Garrettson later wrote, " I was 
determined to Preach if I went to the stake[.] God had Called 
me, and a man should not stop me, I was determined to regard 
God rather than man. At that he became very friendly." " 

A year later at Salisbury a military officer protected him 
against those who demanded that he take the oath.^^ Garrett- 
son did not oppose the cause of independence, but the oath 
to him implied the obligation to bear arms. Strangers would 
not easily understand his position. Yet, on one occasion in 
Dorset County when a magistrate puzzled over Garrettson's 
view of the oath, the sheriflE and a gathering of people urged 
that Garrettson be allowed to go his way. " It is a pity to stop 
you," they said in tribute to his zeal for preaching and respect 
for personal freedom."^" A magistrate once intervened in favor 
of Garrettson's friend in Salisbury and an officer disciplined 
some soldiers who were threatening Garrettson himself.^" In 
these and many other instances in Methodist journals, civil 
officials were described as effectively restraining certain radical 
elements of the Revolution, which threatened indiscriminately 
to penalize dissenters. 

Considering that Garrettson lacked adequate prudence in 
manifesting his dissent, Marylanders must be credited with 

" Ibid., p. 348; May 5, 1780. 

" Freeborn Garrettson, Journal, June 30, 1778 (Drew Univ. Library, Madi- 
son, N.J.) . 

" Ibid., February 28, 1779. 

Freeborn Garrettson, The Experiences and Travels of the Rev. Freeborn 
Garrettson, Minister of the Methodist-Episcopal Church in North-America (Phil- 
adelphia, 1791), pp. 233-236; July 20, 1779 (hereafter Experiences and Travels). 
This is a polished and, in places, an abridged version of the above-mentioaed 
Journal of Garrettson. 

«'Ibid., p. 147 (February 25, 1780) and p. 144 (February 14, 1780) . 


considerable forbearance. He was not content simply to refuse 
military service and pay the fee for a substitute. " I was de- 
termined," he himself stated, " I never would never join the 
multitude to serve the devil." Such strong pacifist statements 
could not escape open expression nor fail to arouse antagonism 
in revolutionaries who heard them. It is not surprising that he 
had to be rescued by officials as happened at Salisbury.^^ The 
public at large, however, tended to show sympathy for one in 
Garrettson's position. When a man tried to prevent Garrett- 
son from going to another station of his circuit, a crowd dis- 
armed him. At the height of the War one of these obstructors 
of his preaching came to him afterwards and apologized.^* 

Garrettson began to preach on Maryland circuits during the 
unsettled and controversial days preceding the outbreak of the 
War. Yet as time went on through the War years he found 
that he was better treated. " God had . . . opened the eyes of 
one of the magistrates," he wrote of one instance of changed 
attitudes, " so far (although before he was a persecutor) that 
he took my part. . . ^* In time he noted that his " enemyes 
begin to be at peace." He cited instances on the Eastern Shore, 
and Somerset County in particular, as places where he found 

Garrettson, like Asbury, made certain statements which 
seem to imply that the personal liberality of Marylanders 
rather than their recently passed laws accounted for his protec- 
tion. His writings taken together do not substantiate this im- 
plication, nor do the situations which he described. His com- 
parison of Maryland with Delaware is also misleading in this 
respect. " I could claim a right in the Delaware state," he once 
said "which state was more favorable to such pestilent fellows 
[as himself]." ^* Yet the crowd in Delaware on occasion abused 
him as it did in Maryland.*' 

The thought behind Garrettson's statements seem to stem 

•» Garrettson, Journal, Book I, p. 22. 

"''Ibid., pp. 21-22. 

2= Ibid., April 22, and June 6, 1779. 

Ibid., June 14, 1779. 
2" Ibid., March 28, April 10. and May 5, 1779. 

Garrettson, Experiences and Travels, p. 155. Underlining is in original. 
"Garrettson, Journal, pp. 128-29; September 12, 1778. 



from his understanding of the Delaware oath and his misread- 
ing of the Maryland oath. The former in itself seems to exempt 
one from bearing arms for conscience. The latter did not, but 
relied on specific laws which exempted dissenters from the 
oath and bearing arms. Moreo^iSir, Mwfkmiii Ja©nored the 
Delaware oath as satisfying for its own requirement, a benefit 
of which Garrettson actually availed himself. 

It is important to note that Garrettson clearly stated that his 
mobility and his position as a preacher was clearly favored by 
the law of Maryland. He called attention to this when he com- 
plained of the way he was restricted m Virginia. He exprased 
implicit preference for Maryland's legal settlement.^* The fee 
for a substitute in military service proved satisfactory to him. 
He referred to his Maryland birtli and property whenever he 
wanted a legal basis of protection. In the presence of military 
men and the people in general he made it clear, like St. Paul, 
that he was a citizen and entitled to the protection of the law. 
" If they laid a hand on me," an official told the crowd on one 
occasion, according to Garrettson, " he would put the law in 
force against them. They withdrew to their homes, without 
making the sleightest [sic] attempt on me." 

All of these concrete instances tell us a great deal of the fact 
of the state's conscience. The cast of mind of the state as agent 
of the Revolution has a moral element. This says more than 
that the Revolution tended to be conservative in Maryland. 
Those leaders who were first to come out for independence, 
and who have been for this reaiofi called radical, were iden- 
tified with the conscientious manner of dealing with dissent- 
ers just as those moderates were who were slow to declare. A 
greater study of the manner erf conducting the Revolution will 
ultimately throw light upon that act of conscience which in 
the first moments initiated it. The collective conscience is the 
same in both instances. 

"Ibid., July 6, 1777; see Robert D. Simpson, "Freeborn Garrettson, Ameri- 
can Methodist Pioneer" (unpublished PhJ). diiiertation; Drew University, 
1955) , p. 57. 

"Garrettson, Experiences and Travels, pp. 122-125; see Simpson, ibid., on 
militia fee. 

IN MARYLAND, 1700-1710 

By Robert G. Schonfeld and Spencer Wilson 

THE historian of the Colonial period of American history 
is often confronted with a scarcity of primary sources from 
which he can reconstruct and interpret our colonial back- 
ground. Fortunately, for the student wishing to study the 
Eighteenth century, a very large and rich collection of mate- 
rials survive and are available for research. The Prerogative 
Court records, specifically the Inventory and Account Books 
(Libers) , as a valuable source for the historian, provide infor- 
mation for a detailed analysis of the economic structure of 
colonial Maryland society.^ 

The Inventory Books are composed of carefully compiled 
lists of the personal effects, furniture, clothing, and all the 
bric-a-brac found within the house or houses of the deceased. 
Within a short time after the death of a citizen, " late deceased 
of this county," two court appointed fellow-citizens were 
charged with taking a " true and perfect " inventory of the 
" goods, chattels, and possessions " of the dead citizen. This 
they did in a very conscientious manner, literally down to the 
smallest " piece of cloth." In no case was there a blanket 
amount attached by these agents to the furnishings of the 
house; they always enumerated every item as a separate entry 
in the inventory. All items of personalty were carefully listed 
in the Inventory and then appraised. This appraisal was car- 
ried out with equally meticulous care, whether the particular 
object was worth only a half cent or many pounds. The Inven- 
tory was then totaled, in pounds-sterling, and submitted to the 
Court as a true estimate of the value of a particular estate. 

^ Prerogative Court Records, Inventories and Accounts, Libers 20-32A, Hall 
of Records, Annapolis, Maryland. Hereinafter referred to as: I & A, followed 
by the appropriate Liber and page numbers. 




The Inventories, then, included personal property. Real prop- 
erty was wholly excluded. 

Equal care was evident in the auditing of the Inventories 
at the fkial accounting in order to satisfy creditors and to 
comply with the terms of the will, if there was one. This 
accounting was handled by two other court-appointed citizens, 
one very often being the surviving mate of the deceased while 
the other was sometimes a newly acquired husband or wife. 
Whether related or not, these executors were responsible for 
the paying of any debts, collection of money owed to the 
estate, and the distribution of any remainder in accordance 
with the terms of the will. Naturally a former mate was most 
anxious to reach a quick settlement if it was to the survivor's 

Only too often the final accounting, a process which could 
take a period of years, turned out to the disadvantage of the 
survivors. Then as today, men with very large assets died at 
the height of their most active years. As a result the bulk of 
a man's estate, if indeed not all of it, was absorbed by out- 
standing indebtedness. Regardless of the pecuniary outcome 
of the accounting, however, the final report of the executors 
was submitted to the court and marked the final closing of 
the books. 

These processes, of Inventory and of Account, produce two 
sets of figures. The figure derived from the Inventory repre- 
sents the total assets (real property excluded) of the deceased. 
A second figure, derived from the Account, represents the total 
indebtedness against the estate. Each figure tells an important 
story. From these still a third may be derived, by simple sub- 
traction, showing the NET worth of the deceased's estate. 

Since the economy of Maryland was based upon tobacco as 
the colony's main export, it was the principal source of in- 
come. The business system centered around the production, 
curing, and shipping of the leaf to markets in England. The 
crop was planted sometime in April and harvested in Septem- 
ber. The leaves were then stored for curing, a process which 
took the rest of the winter. Due to the nature of the plant, 
it was necessary to ship after the process of curing was com- 
pleted, usually the following summer. As a result the Mary- 


land planter was often competing against his fellow planters 
in trying to ship his crop to England first. Moreover, especially 
during the recurrent wars of the times, the wars of the League 
of Augsburg and Spanish Succession, during the twenty years 
to 1710, he was completely at the mercy of the arrival and 
departure of the tobacco " fleet." That " fleet " was escorted 
by English war-ships to Maryland early in the fall; it wintered 
in Chesapeake Bay, and sailed with tobacco for British mar- 
kets by the following August. With each sailing of the ships 
went the future profits of every Maryland planter and any 
colonist whose living was related to the tobacco crop. 

This basic role of tobacco was reflected in some of the 
smaller estates for they were more often reckoned in pounds 
of tobacco rather than in money equivalents. This was done 
for the sake of convenience. For example, the estate of Thomas 
Mason of Talbot county was stated to be worth 6,835 pounds 
of tobacco, about £26 sterling.^ 

Because of an imbalance of trade and a concomitant drain 
of currency to England, the colonists were forced to rely 
upon substitutes for coinage. They devised " tobacco money " 
which was crude but effective for the local economy. On the 
colonial market one pound of tobacco brought three pounds 
of beef; two pounds of tobacco could be exchanged for a fat 
pullet, and a hogshead had buying power enough to supply a 
whole family with necessities for a year.^ One observer noted 
that " tobacco is their [Maryland's] meat, drink, clothing and 
money. . . ." * Another reported, " Tobacco is the current coyn 
of Mary-land, and will sooner purchase commodities from the 
merchant than money." ^ Either way, in sterling or tobacco, 
the Prerogative Court records were kept as an accurate record 
of the value of a colonist's personal belongings. 

n k A. 20, p. 42. 

' " Four hogsheads ot 950 pounds were considered a ton for London ship- 
ment." James T. Adams, ed.. Dictionary of American History (New York: 
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940) , V, 276. J. Thomas Sdiarf, History of Maryland 
(Baltimore, 1879) , II, 47-48. 

• Clarence P. Gould, Money and Transportation in Maryland 1720-1765 (Bal- 
timore, 1915) , p. 49. 

•A letteu written by John Pory, Secretary of Virginia, concerning tobacco in 
the neighboring colony of Maryland, found in Ina Faye Woestemeyer and 
Charles L. Van Nappen, The South, A Documentary History (Princeton, 1958), 
pp. 60-61. 



The following tables demcaistrate five conclusions which 
were extracted from the statistics contained in the Court in- 
ventories and accounts. The first set of tables, numbers I and 
II, depict the actual size of the estates. Tkble II is a partial 
break-down of a segment of the first. Table III presents the 
indebtedness against those estates reported, while tables IV 
and V give a regional picture of the sizes of personal hold- 
ings. Lastly, the inventories contain records reflecting the 
amount of human bondage in the colony for this period. 

Table I shows the total number of estates in relation to the 
estimated value of the inventtnies, from the poorest colonist 
to the wealthiest. For example, the estate of Charles Mackory 
of Dorchester county amounted to 4 shillings 6 pence. On 
the other hand, that of Thcttnas Homewood of Anne Arundel 
totaled £1263 14s 10d.« 

Table I 

The Value of Personal Estates 1700 - 1710 
Value in pounds-sterling Number of estates 

0-499 3236 

500-999 117 

1000-1499 21 

1500-1999 11 

2000-2499 7 

2500-2999 2 

3000-3499 1 

3500-3999 2 

4000-4499 4 

4500-4999 1 

Because of the preponderance of cases contained in the low- 
est bracket, that of zero to four hundred and ninety-nine, 
that particular category was broken down further as seen in 
Table II. 

Probably the most significant deduction from this further dis- 
tilation of the inventory figures is seen in the very sharp drop 
between the £49 and the £50 mark. This point appears to 

•I & A, 30, pp. 286-292. I & A, 24, p. 199. 


establish a division line for separating the average citizens 
from the more well-to-do members of the community.^ 

Table II 

The Value of Personal Estates, below £499 

Value in pounds-sterling 

Number of estates 





















The amount of indebtedness contracted by the colonists 
named in the Accounts for the years 1700 through 1710 are 
reflected in Table III. 

A business man of colonial Maryland was subjected to many 
of the same hardships as his counter-part at any time or place. 
The tobacco planters often found themselves the victims of 
shrewd London merchants and a fluctuating market. Mary- 
land planters sold their crop to London agents and received 
credit on the sale. These agents, in turn, used this credit to 
fill orders from the planters for supplies, equipment, and lux- 
uries for the ensuing year. If the market value of the crop fell 
below the expected levels, then the planter was in debt to the 
agent for the difference, which the colonist hoped to make up 
on succeeding crops. Planters were also guilty of over-extend- 
ing themselves in land speculation, slave purchases, poor man- 
agement, and die like, all of which contributed to their finan- 
cial troubles. These same conditions were also responsible for 
indebtedness among the non-planter members of the colony. 

The size of a personal estate as reflected in the Inventory 

' A man received the franchise when his estate amounted to between £40 and 
£50. Marcus W. Jemegan, The American Colonies 1492-1750 (New York, 1943), 
pp. 396-397. 



was only a relative indication of the wealth of the colonist. 
Beyond that was the matter of a final audit, the Account 
Books, which showed the real worth of each estate. Approxi- 
mately twenty per cent of the total valtie of all the inventor- 
ies considered in this period was claimed by outstanding debts. 

Table HI 

Amount of debt (£) 

Number of ettates 


inn I4.Q 


1 Kfi I QQ 


oen 9Qn 





4p;n 4QQ 



pipin tiQQ 

























The estates of both rich and poor were subject to the demands 
of creditors. A considerable number of the wealthier men died 
leaving obligations which greatly reduced or even obliterated 
their fortunes. In Calvert county George Parker's personal 
effects were valued at £902, a substantial amount. When the 
last claim was settled, however, his estate was in debt to a 


total of £998 leaving his heirs with a paltry £6! * Justin Ben- 
nett of Talbot county died leaving an estate inventoried at 
£266 13s 7d. The total debt was £371 5s 5d, which presented 
his heirs with unpaid obligations amounting to £104 lis 
lOd." Finally, Robert Lucille, Esquire, of Queen Anne's county, 
passed away with outstanding debts of £1613 00s 3d and with 
no means for payment provided.^" Still, with this in mind, 
Maryland's colonists were apparently prospering during the 
first decade of the 18th century. Since 1683 the tobacco trade 
had experienced a remarkable growth and Maryland planters 
expected this to continue despite the outbreak of war in 1701. 
This very high level of indebtedness would seem to argue for 
optimism among the colonial businessmen even in the face of 
wartime confusion.^^ 

These same records also contained enough information for 
a regional picture of the estates considered. In both the In- 
ventories and the Accounts, the names and places of residence 
were usually recorded as a part of the whole process. It was 
possible, therefore, to arrange the figures to show the relative 
wealth of all the counties and to further compare the coun- 
ties on a regional basis. In Table IV the various counties of 
the Eastern Shore and Western Shore have been arranged 
under their respective geographical areas. The number of the 
estates for each major financial group were then placed oppo- 
site the proper county. The category " unknown " simply 
refers to those records for which there xvas no county listed. 
Anne Arundel county indicated the most wealth. While on the 
Eastern shore Talbot county showed the largest total value in 
estates inventoried.^'' Both regions. Eastern and Western shore, 
were nearly equal in development for the ten year period under 
study. In round figures, the size of the personal estates ap- 
proached £237,000 respectively for both sections of the colony. 
As for the less fortunate areas, the newer settled colony of Prince 
George's on the West and Dorchester on the East vied for the 

« I & A, 20, pp. 259-260. 

» I & A, 25, p. 147. 

10 1 & A, 31, pp. 71-75. 
Thomas J. Wertenbaker, The Shaping of Colonial Virginia: The Planters 
of Colonial Virginia (New York, 1958), pp. 115-124. 

1" There were 3402 estates in the period 1700-1710. Their a^egate total 
was approximately L475,000 sterling. 



Table IV 

Sizes of Personal Estates by Counties in Pounds-Sterling 










Eastern Shore 



















Qn. Anne's . 




Talbot . . . , 







Dorchester . . 




Somerset . . . 

, 202 












Western Shore 









St. Mary's. . . 

. 274 












Anne Arundel 299 







Pr. George's 






Baltimore . . 

. 224 


Unknown . . , 

. 317 






Table V 

County 0- 










Eastern Shore 49 










Cecil .... 73 










Kent .... 77 








Qn. Anne's 42 










Talbot .. 198 










Dorchester 127 









Somereet. 130 










County 0- 










West. Shore . 49 










St. Mary's. 150 










Charles ..116 









Calvert .. 127 










A. Arundel 129 










Pr. George's 40 









Baltimore 117 









Unknown 197 











lowest position on the scale. The latter county was on the 
bottom of the entire colony. 

Because of the large number of estates which fell into the 
poorest class, that group was broken down in Table V. This 
was done to coincide with a similar msAjsm in Table II. 

One further fact emerged from the statistics of the Court 
records. That is, there was no appreciable alteration in the 
sizes of the personal estates during the ten year period. The 
inventories of 1700 were comparable with the inventories of 
a decade later. 

Up to this point the Inventory and Account records pro- 
vided the necessary data for a picture of the apparent mon- 
etary accumulation of those colonists who died during the 
period 1700-1710. The records were detailed enough to fur- 
nish a tabulation of the sizes of personal estates on colony- 
wide, regional, and county levels. The figures presented speak 
for themselves insofar as they go. It was also apparent from 
the investigation of the Inventory lists that a further piece of 
information, which seems to be intimately connected with per- 
sonal holdings, should be mentioned in regard to this study. 
That was in the ownership of Negro slaves and indentured 

This second indication of affluence became obvious in the 
reading of the Inventory lists. The well-to-do man in 1700 
Maryland must have pointed to his ownership of Negro slaves 
and of indentured servants as a symbol of his well-being. Men 
of moderate means did own indentured servants, but the 
larger estates were more often represented by the number of 
Negroes owned by the deceased. As was stated above, the figure 
of fifty pounds-sterling appeared from the Inventories as a 
division point for separating the average citizen from his 
wealthier counterpart. 

Inventory lists carried the numbers of slaves, mulatto and 
Negro, indentured servants, and Indians. The men who took 
these inventories were also careful to provide as much infor- 
mation as possible in the space of one line concerning the age, 
health, name, and price of all servants. Inventories of inden- 
tured servants also indicated the period for which the partic- 
ular person was still held to his or her indenture, for it was 



upon this point that the price of the servant was fixed. Sex, 
age, and health were also taken into account. 

Negro slavery was certainly an important segment of the 
local economic picture. Fch: 8l»e deeade under study there were 
a total of 1"962 Negro slaws lifted ftt tfte tsttfes. This figure 
and the high prices, as seen in the Inventories, indicate the 
financial importance of that institution. The price of a good 
field hand ranged from £28 to £30. A Negro Woman brought 
£25, while a combination of one man and one woman was 
valued at £60 for the pair. It has been noted that the owner- 
ship of Negroes began with those colonials whose personal 
estates ranged more than £S0 total in the Inventory. Nor- 
mally there were not a large number of slaves listed, however, 
unless the total estate was £150 or more. From that point on 
the number of slaves for each owner was apt to increase con- 
siderably. The largest number of slaves were in the estate of 
Richard Carter of Talbot county; he possessed ftfty-six Neg- 
roes and five indentured servants aod 'm& worth, at the time 
of his death, £4126 3s 2d.^' The most usual number of slaves 
was nine, as listed in the estate of William Dorrington who 
was worth £173 19s." In the truest sense of the word, the 
Negro was property. He was listed as such even if he was 
absolutely worthless, as was the case for Mark Richardson 
whose estate at £440 5s Id included the estimates of three 
Negro children and that of a man (drowned) —no value! " 

Indentured servants were similarly treated as property and 
so enumerated in the Inventories. A sick servant boy and a 
sick man were valued at £4 respectively; both were in the 
estate of John Haskins of St. Mary's county. Haskins' estate 
amounted to only £23 7 s, this being in direct contrast with 
the higher figures in the estates of the owners of Negro slaves. 
A much lower price per head and smaller numbers, only 7 1 1 
for the entire period, indicate a lesser role for the indentured 
servant in the colonial economy." 

Mulatto slaves were listed and accounted for along with the 
Negro, regardless of the obvious mixture of blood. They also 
commanded a fair price but no more substantial a one than 

"I & A, 29, pp. 413-419. "I & A, 26, pp. 82-87. 

"I & A, 20, pp. 141-142. "I & A, 20, pp. 29-30. 


that of a Negro field hand or house servant. There were only 
107 mulattoes listed in the Inventories, a fact which at least 
presents a statistical record of the existence of miscegenation. 

Finally, in spite of the general unsuitability of Indians for 
use as slaves, five were noted f«OT the p«tod 1790-1710. Per- 
haps the only significant deduction to be drawn from this lies 
in the classical names which were often given to these Indians. 
Richard Harrison ©f Charles County, with an estate of £735 
Is 3d, owned ten Negroes, three servants, and one Indian 
named Pompey. Clearly Harrison admired the classics.^^ 

There were 3402 estates listed in the Inventories, of these, 
1890, more than half, were of £50 or more and therefore 
wealthy enough to purchase slaves. Furthermore, as was shown 
in Table II, the ratio between the value of those estates and 
the total numbers of estates at the same levels were increas- 
ing, up to the £150 figure. At that point the number of highly 
valued estates began to drop. For those planters in the £50 
to £150 category the purchase of Negro slaves was an indication 
to all of economic, and probably social, promotion. The 
achievement of this " status symbol " removed many Maryland 
planters from the yeomanry class and placed them among the 
ranks of a new aristocracy of slaveholders. 

Conceivably there were other household items carried on 
these Inventories which might further reflect the material 
wealth of the " Mary-landers " during the years 1700-1710, but 
the authors felt that the statistics on slavery were a handy, 
interesting, and a fair method in demo^trating a significant cri- 
teria for riches in the colony. Slaves, Inventories, and Accounts, 
all add up to a picture of financial accumulation. The pound- 
sterling figures or their equivalents were of particular value in 
placing the individual estates in juxtaposition, as they were 
also in arranging the regional and county comparisons. Mary- 
landers in all counties could, with skill and good luck, count 
upon amassing a considerable fortune. 

"1 & A, 32, pp. 115-117. 

Part 4 


Hailes and Merrymans: HoitiEwooD 
ICHOLAS Haile was, most probably, the first white settler 

^ on that part o£ " Merryman's Lott " which, for more than 
a hundred and fifty years, has been called Homewood.** It 
fell to him on a date, the record of which appears to be lost, 
when he and Charles Merryman divided " Merryman's Lott " 
between them. Haile may have settled on this land before 
1700, although there is no proof that he was living there until 
much later. In his will, bearing date, February 27, 1730, he 
refers to his portion of " Merryman's Lott " as " my now dwell- 
ing plantation," and to " Haile's Addition " as " my new 
plantation." *^ According to a plat of " Merryman's Lott," 
made by Joseph Ensor in the year 1770 and already men- 
tioned in this article (note 23) , the dwelling house of the 
Haile family, a one-story affair, was at that time situated with- 

** It seems probable that the Carroll's gave the name of " Homewood " to this 
small but important estate. The name smad^ of the fanciful, and may be in 
the same class as Bellevue, Montevista and Belmont. If this be true, then it is 
futile to look tor a British Homewood. Bartholomew, in his " Survey Gazeteer 
of the British Isles," ninth edition, and in his Survey Atlas of England and 
Wales, p. 72-A-5, mentions only one British " Homewood ": a " seat " in the 
county of Cumberland, in a small park, IJ miles south east of Whitehaven, 
on the road to Egremont. 

Baltimore County Wills, Liber 1, £. 248. The testator, Haile, leaves to his 
son, Neale Haile, and to his eldest daughter, Mary, his dwelling plantation, part 
of Merryman's Lott, and Haile's Addition, after the death of his wife, Frances. 
Neal Hale (sic) , son of Nicholas and Frances Hale (sic) was born December 
21, 1718 (Register, St. Paul's, Baltimore County, Md.), and died in 1796. (Wills, 
Baltimore County. Liber 5, f . 402) . 

By William B. Marye 

{continued from September) 




in the site of the former botanical garden at Homewood, be- 
tween the President's house and Gilman Hall. It may have 
been one of the houses on Homewood which Charles Carroll 
of Carrollton prudently advised his son Charles to remodel 
and occupy, instead of ahead with his pkm to build the 

relatively costly mansion now standing on Homewood.*^ On 
April 11, 1771, Neale Haile, son of Nicholas Haile, conveyed 
" Merryman's Lott," 105 acres, and " Haile's Addition," 30 
acres, to Joseph Ensor, the above mentioned,*^ who, on June 
27th of the same year, mortgaged these and contiguous prop- 
erties to Charles Carroll of Carrollton.** The whole estate 
amounted to some 1017 acres. On September 5, 1789, Elijah 
Merryman and David McMechen, trustees for the estate of 
Joseph Ensor, Jr., non compos mentis, (his father was then 
deceased), purchased of Neal Haile the aforesaid " Haile's Ad- 
dition " and part of " Merryman's Lott," which, on May I, 
1794, they sold to Mr. Carroll.*" The great man did not long 
remain in possession of his part of " Merryman's Lott." The 
same year he deeded a part of it to Henry Wilmans and anoth- 
er, smaller part, to Richard Dallam, and on October 27, 1795, 
he sold to Mr. Wilmans 25 acres, "Lot No. 19," which appears 
to have been part of the same tract of land; and this was all he 
had."" Wilmans sold 79J acres of "Merryman's Lott" to Messrs. 

" Md. Hist. Mag., vol. 54, p. J60. In a Farticular Tax List of Fatapsco Lower 
Hundred, Baltimore County (manuscript in possession of the Md. Hist. Soc.) , 
circa 1799, mention is made of three simple dwelling houses, then standing on 
Lyliendale, part in the occupation of James Barry, and part (formerly) occupied 
" by Mr. [James] Walker, the late owner." Mr .Carroll very sensibly believed 
that his son, Charles, should chose among these three houses one which would 
serve his purposes, while he waited to fall heir to Doughoregan Manor. 

" Provincial Court Proceedings, Liber D. D. No. 5, f. 150. The late Arthur 
Trader, Administrative Assistant of the Land Office of Maryland, to whom I 
owe this information, informed me that this was a " deed of Lease and Release 
to destroy estate intail and all reversions and remainders which were devised 
by his father Nicholas Haile." 

*' Provincial Court Proceedings, Liber D. D. No. 5, f. 194. So began the Car- 
roll family's interest in " Merryman's Lott," later Homewood. Thanks are due 
to Mr. Trader for this information also. 

*» The last named deed is recorded in the Land Records of Baltimore County, 
Liber W. G. No. I, f. 524. A diligent search both at Baltimore and at Annap- 
olis failed to discover the deed from Ensor to Merrjman and McMechen, which 
is mentioned in the deed from the parties last named to Mr. Carroll. 

=°Md. Hist. Mag., Vol. 54, pp. 358, 359. Baltimore County Land Records, 
Liber W. G. No. Q. Q., folios 162, 166; Liber W. G. No. N. N., f. 602. The deeds 
from Carroll to Wilmans, respectively, call lor 79j acres and 11 perches, and 
for " Lot No. 19," 25 acres. The deed from Carroll to Dallam calls for " Lot 
No. 20," part of " Merryman's Lott," 30 acres. 



Stephen Casenave and James Walker, April 16, 1795.^^ Walker 
conveyed his undivided moiety of the land so acquired to 
James Barry, of Baltimore City, May 20, 1798.°^ Barry bought 
Richard Dallam's part, January 29, 1799.^^ On February 12, 
1801, Mr. Barry, h described as "of the city of Washing- 
ton, gent." sold his undivided half part of 122 acres, 1 rood and 
20^ perches, part {^) of Merryman's Lott, to Charles Carroll, 
Jr.,** who, on August 13 following acquired the remaining 
moiety of Richard Caton, his brother-in-law. Mr. Caton derived 
his title from Samuel Moaie, trustee of the estate of Stephen 
Casenave.^' On this estate Mr. Carroll built Homewood. 

On April 24, 1809, the elder Carroll wrote to his son from 
Annapolis the following letter: 

I do not know what deeds Mr. Harper [Robert Goodloe Har- 
per, his son-in-law] wants from this place to enable him to make 
out yr title to Merrymans Lot; he has not written me for any, nor 
have I any relating to the Lot but those I delivered to him the 
20di Oct. 1802, viz Joseph Ensor's deed to me dated 27th June, 
1771 being a mortgage of sundry lands in Baldmore & Neale Haile's 
deed dated 11th April 1771 for 165 acres part of Morryman's Lot 
and of 30 acres called Haile's Addition: this last was I presume 
from Haile to Ensor, as it was made previously to Ensor's mortgage 
to me. 

In this letter Mr. Carroll mentions a " yankee " named Heard 
who has applied for the position of superintendent of Home- 

Clover Hill 

Captain Charles Merryman, the co-partner of Nicholas 
Haile in the taking up of " Merryman's Lott," resided in Pa- 
tapsco Neck. He had formerly lived in Lancaster County, Vir- 
ginia."' It seems not improbable that Haile came to Maryland 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. R. R., f. 190. This deed 
calls for Lots Nos. 21-24, part of " Merryman's Lott " containing in all 79J acres 
and 51 perches. 

" Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. 53, f. 448. 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. 58, f. 139. 
''•Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. 66, f. 409. 
■^^ Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. 71, f. IIL 

Carroll Letters, Johns Hopkins University Library. 
" Charles Merryman bought land in Patapsco Neck, Bakimore County, in 
1682 (Md. Hist. Ms^., Vol. 10, p. 176: The Merryman Family, by Francw B. 



from those parts, and that he and Merryman had known each 
Other of old/* It appears to be not unlikely that Merryman 
had cleared part of his moiety of " Merryman's Lott " and made 
other improvements on the property long before (in 1714) he 
convefeA the bmA, whether wMi " Mtrrpmrn't AMition," to 
his son, John Merryman-^iJ He died December 22, 1725."" John 
Merryman died in 1749,^^ and was succeeded in possession of 
this farm by his son, Joseph Merryman, who died in 1799.*^ 
About the time of his death the farm contained 154 acres and 
was improved by a one-story frame dwelling house, 24 by 18 
feet, with a back entry and kitchen, 28 t)y 16 feet, and a stone 
springhouse, ten feet square.*"* No doubt this was the spring- 
house which was still in place not a great many years ago at 
the foot of the hill on which stands the present Bishop's House, 
the residence of the Right Reverend Noble C. Powell. The 
spring over which this springhouse stood, ran into Edwards' 
Run (Sumwalt Run) . Joseph Merryman's dwelling house is 
said to have occupied part of the site of the stone mansion 

" Nicholas Haile, of York County, Va., planter, made a power of attorney to 
Dr. Thomas Roots, of Lancaster County, Va., in 1654. There is little doubt that 
he was the same person as that Mr. Nicholas Heale to whom was granted, 18 
May, 1660, 738 acres on the N. W. branch of Corotoman River in Lancaster 
County. (Cavaliers and Pioneers, by Nell Marion Nugent, Richmond, Va., 19S4, 
p. 569.) To this not inconsiderable estate were added by patent, 18 May, 1666, 
234 acres more, (ibid., p. 569) . The patentee this time is called " Hale." The 
will of Margaret George, of Lancaster County, Va., dated 8 Feb., 1668, is wit- 
nessed by Nicholas Healee ^) , Gecwge Healee (sic) and Richard Mereman 
(Merryman?). (Abstracts of Lancaster Cewity Wills, Virginia, 1653-1800, by 
Ida JchiMeii Lee, IMetz jPrsK, Ri^moBd, Va., |i. 93.) Geoi»e Heale is believed 
to have been a son of Nicholas Haile or Hale. (Heale family of Lancaster 
County, Va., William and Mary College Quarterly First Series, Vo. XVII, pp. 
296, 299) . He executed a power of attorney, Nov. 8, 1677 (ibid.) . He was a 
J. P. of Lancaster County in 1684, and presented that county in the Virginia 
House of Burgesses in 1695 and in 1697 {Ibid) . He died in 1697. One of his 
sons was named Nicholas, (ibid, and Abstracts of Lancaster County Wills, op. 
cit., pp. 110-112). Nicholas Haile of Baltimore County was born about 1657. 
In a deposition made in the year 1707 he gave his age as fifty years. (Md. Hist. 
Mag., Vol. 23, p. 200) . This author inclines to the view that he was a son of 
the above-mentioned George Heale (sometimes Hale). It is worthy of note that 
be had a con samed George. 

" Baltimore County Land Records, Liber T. R. No. A., f. 320. 

""The Merryman Family, by Francis B. Culver, op. cit. 

" Ibid. 

A very interesting article by a well-known journalist, Mr. Hervey Brackbill, 
" The Cathedral Grounds from the Indians to Today," tells the story of " Clover 
Hill." It appeared in The Cathedral Chronicle, Autumn Number, 1941. Mr. 
Brackbill mentions the springhouse. 

Particular Tax List of Patapsco Lower Hundred, Baltimore County, op. cit. 



built by one of his heirs and called " Clover Hill "—the Bish- 
op's House. It passed out of the pc^session of the family in 
1869, together with a part of the patrimonial estate/* which, 
although small, at the time stretcfeed from York Road to Stony 
Run, By that time the ©id fAme -wm divided into many par- 
cels, of which quite a number erf Ae owners were Merrymans. 
In fact, as late as 1876 seven (rf them were Merrymans."^ This, 
in view of the ever increasing pressure of suburbanization, and 
the restlessness of Americans, is quite a remarkable record, 
going back, as it does, to 1688. In 1926 the last parcel of " Mer- 
ryman's Lott " still owned by a person of Merryman blood was 
sold to a company which was organized to build an apartment 
house on the site.** 

Ridgely's Whim 

Charles Merryman, the younger, entered into possession of, 
and settled on, " Merryman's Beginning " apparently without 
a deed from his father,*^ and died before him, in 1722. In his 
will, bearing date, 25th of December, 1720, he left " Merry- 
man's Beginning " to his sons, William Merryman and Charles 
Merryman, jointly, styling this land his " dwelling planta- 
tion." These sons sold " Merryman's Beginning " to Cap- 
tain (later Colonel) Charles Ridgely (c. 1702-1772) for 
whom, on February 4th, 1744 it was resurveyed into an ex- 
tensive tract of land, containing 990 acres, which he called 
" Ridgely's Whim." The vacant land, which was included 
in this resurvey, ran to 720 acres. Something more than half 
of this " vacancy " lies outside the Stony Run watershed, and 

•* Bradcbill, op. cit. 

•« G. M. Hopkins' Atlas of Baltimore City and its Environs, 1876, Plate " S," 

pp. 72, 73. The names of the Merr^-mans appearing on this map as owners of 
parts of the old estate are: X. Merryman, Dr. Merryman, O. P. Merryman, J. 
Merryman, Jos. Merryman, Mrs. C. Merryman, Lewis Merryman. " Clover Hill," 
the home place, was then in the possession of A. S. Abell, who owied the adja- 
cent Guilford estate. 

°° Mrs. Harry Lucas, n^e Merryman, was born at Clover Hill, and lived to be 
over ninety years old. About 1926 she sold part of " Merryman's Lott " to a 
company which built thereon the apartment house known as No. 100 University 

*' I find no deed from Charles Merryman, Sr., to Charles Merryman, Jr., con- 
veying " Merryman's Beginning," in the Land Records of Baltimore County. 
" Baltimore County Wills, Vol. 1, f. 189. 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber T. B. No. E., f. 161. 
" L. O. M. Patented Certificate No. 4158, Baltimore County. 



takes in a considerable part of Roland Park lying west of 
Roland Avenue. To this estate Captain Ridgely added, before 
1750, a tract of land, containing 225 acres, called "Job's Ad- 
dition " (now included in Homeland) . About the time 
when he took ittp " Ridgely's Wfeim," he acquired, in another 
part of the county, " Northampton," " Hampton Court " and 
" Oakhampton," names which suggested that of " Hampton," 
the well known landed estate of the Ridgelys of later years. 
His son, Charles, built the Hampton mansion, which stands 
on "Northampton." By 1750 Captain Ridgely owned, approxi- 
mately, 7249 acres in Baltimore County, according to the Bal- 
timore County Debt Book of that year. 

In his will, dated April 1, 1772, Colonel Charles Ridgely 
bequeathed to his daughter, Rachel Ridgely, all that remain- 
ing part of " Ridgely's Whim " xvhich had not already been 
conveyed by deed of gift to his daughter, Achsah Chamier, for- 
merly Caman." Rachel Ridgely (1734-1813), married Colonel 
Darby Lux {c. 1741-1795), of "Mount Airy,"" Baltimore 
County, by whom she had three daughters, namely: Ann Lux, 
who married Colonel Thomas Deye Cockey (c. 1762-1813) ; 
Rachel Lux (1762-1810), who married James McCormick, Jr. 
(1764-1841) ; and Rebecca Lux, who married George Risteau. 
Colonel and Mrs. Cockey had an only child, Frances Thwaites 
Cockey (1794-Dec. 28, 1873) , who married Dr. Edward Fen- 
dall {c. 1787-1835), of Baltimore City, a native of Charles 
County, Maryland, and one of Baltimore's earliest dentists. 

In 1777 Colonel and Mrs. Lux sold 10|- acres, part of " Rid- 
gely's Whim," to Robert Riddle, a Baltimore merchant, who 
has many descendants. In 1780 the same property,'^ on Stony 
Run, was purchased by Abraham Van Bibber, who," in 1782 

"Baltimore County Debt Book, 1750, Calvert Papers No. 904, f. 14. Among 
the lands listed under his name is " Job's Addition." 

"Will Book 38, £. 758, Hall o£ Records, Annapolis, Md. 

" " Mount Airey " (part of " Samuel's Delight ") has been now for many 
years the farm and seat of the Sheppard-Pratt Asylum. Before the trustees of 
the Sheppard Asylum acquired it, " Mount Airey " Was the country estate of 
Mr. Thwnas Pwiltney, who boHght it ttom the Lux family. The late Dr. J. 
Hall Pleasants, grandson ot Thomas Pcmtaey, gave me this information. In 
the Federal Gazette and Baltimore Daily Advertiser of May 6, 1796, Rachel Lux 
offered for sale the plantation of the late Darby Lux, " near Towson's Tavern " 
(site of Towson) . 

'* Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. A, f . 378. 
The following year Riddle sold this land to James Wilson. (Balto. Co. Land 



purchased of Darby and Mrs. Lux 54f acres more, adjoining 
his first purchase.'" This property, so acquired, was part of the 
mill seat Paradise Mill, as we shall see later. 

That which remained of " Hidgely's Whim " in the posses- 
sion of Mrs. Lux was estimated, a. 1799, to contain 610 acres,'' 
but was later found to contain 528 acres. It is described, 
c. 1799, as being situated " above the mill of Ab.™ Van Bib- 
ber, Esq." (Paradise Mill), this with reference to Stony Run.'* 
In 1799, or thereabouts, the improvements on this extensive 
estate, which was then in the occupation of Mrs. Lux's son-in- 
law, Thomas Dcye Cockey, were modest to say the least: a log 
dwelling house, one story high, 20 by 14 feet; a log kitchen, 
16 by 14 feet; a log stable and " negro houses." " A large part 
of the estate was probably at that time still in woods. Frag- 
ments of these woods are still to be observed in Blythewood. 
These woodlands and the northeastern corner of Roland Park, 
where numerous old forest trees still stand, have never been 
cultiavted by white men. In 1799 this property of the Lux 
family must have been for the most part, difficult of access. 
That aspect of its situation chaȤed radically in 1806, when 
Cold Spring Lane was laid out.*" 

On September 25th, 1797, Mrs. Lux gave bond to her son- 
in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Deye (jockey, to 
make over to them one half of what remained of " Ridgely's 
Whim " in her possession, a contract which she made good on 
October 1st, 1803.*^ On April 17, 1802, a division line was run 
by James Bouldin, the county surveyor.*^ The northern half 
of the property was allotted to the Cockeys; the southern half 
fell to the McCormicks. Each part contained 264 acres. 

Records, Liber W.G. No. C, f. 35). Wilson conveyed it to Daniel Bowley, 
(ibid., t. 68) who in 1780, sold it to Van Bibber. (Balto. Co. Land Records, 
Liber A. L. No. F., f. 254) . 

"Balto. Co. Land Records, Liber W.G. No. G.. £. 410. 

" Particular Tax List of Patapsco Lower Hundred, Baltimore County c. 1799. 

" Ibid. 

" Ibid. 

»» See above, note 30. 

" Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. 76, f. 273. 

"Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W.G. No. 75, folios 221-225. Boul- 
din's plat is filed with this deed. The diviHon toe b^^ at a stone and rma 
thence Soufli 82J degrees West 147 to a Ifkkory tree; ihence the same course 
21 perches— in all, a little over half a mile. The plat shows 77 acres marked 
" William Bowen " as part of the land allotted to the Mccormick's. Subsequent 




Ignoring the sale of small parcels of land as of no interest to 
the reader, let us now take up the history of the McCormick 
subdivision of " Ridgely's Whim," the patrimony of the Mc- 
Cormidc ¥"amily. 

James McCormick, a Baltimore merchant, was bom in 
County Tyrone, Ireland, in 1763. He came to America soon 
after the close of the Revolution and died in Washington, 
D. C, June 6, 1841. His first wife, Rachel Ridgely Lux, died 
in 1810. By her he had two sons, William Lux McCormick 
and John Pleasants McCormick (1799-1868). The former mar- 
ried Esther Hough Cottman, daughter of Lazarus Cottman, of 
Somerset County, Md., and the latter married her sister, Ann 
Elizabeth Cottman. A portrait of James McCormick and fam- 
ily, by Joshua Johnston, the Negro artist, is in the possession 
of the Maryland Historical Society.'* 

On December 13, 1802, James McCormick and wife con- 
veyed to Abraham Van Bibber, for the sum of |9742, 187 acres, 
part of " Merryman's Beginning " and " Ridgley's Whim " 
(the first named was, as we have seen, included in the sec- 
ond) , " excepting out of the undivided moiety of the said 
James and Rachel and out of the moiety divided and located 
on the plat 77 acres of land being the 77 [acres] on the plat 
annexed [see note 82] with the words Willia Bowen wrote 
thereon, which the said James and Rachel had heretofore sold 
and laid off for said Bowen, the fee in which remains in them 
and is not intended to be sold or conveyed " [author's italics]; 
" and also all their and each of their right .... in and to the 
lands on which said Van Bibbers mill is erected and to all 
their and each of their right. . . .in and to ' Ridgely's Whim ' 
and ' Merryman's Beginning,' except the 77 acres aforesaid."'* 
No deed from McCormick to Bowen has been found, and 
Bowen nowhere subsequently appears to having any claim on 

deeds seem to bear out this author's opinion that this division line was later 
followed by Cold Spring Lane. 

" For these details I am indebted to the late Dr. J. Hall Pleasants. See his 
notes on the McCormick family portraits, manuscript banging to the Md. Hist. 

•* Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. 75, f. 218 et seq. See also 
W. G. No. 74, f . 406. 



these 77 acres. This small estate was " Hebron," the country 
seat of the McCormicks for many years. It stretched, origin- 
ally, from Cold Spring Lane southwards as far as 40th Street, 
and from Hawthorn Road along Cold Spring Lane westwards 
across Roland Avenue to the far side of Evam Chapel Road, 
until the land now lying west of Roland Avenue was sold off. 
Abraham Van Bibber's 187 acres formed the bulk of his Par- 
adise Farm (later called " Kensington ") , which surrounded 
his Paradise Mill {q.v.) . 

On April 14, 1840, William L. McCormick and Esther H. 
McCormick, his wife, sold to Jeremiah Tittle all his one-fourth 
part of 80 acres, part of " Ridgely's Whim," which he held in 
right of his late mother, subject to a life estate of his father, 
James McCormick therein, for the sum of $800.00; and on 
January 23, 1841, Tittle sold the land back to McCormick for 
$1 000.00.'" In the later deed the land conveyed is described 
as " 1/4 part of a tract of land called Hebron or Ridgely's 
Whim." Sidney and Brown's Map of Baltimore City and Coun- 
ty, 1850, shows the residence of J. McCormick on the south- 
em side of Cold Spring Lane west of Stony Run. On April 
29, 1853, John P. McCormick and wife leased to Francis H. 
Jencks of Baltimore City, for the term of ninety-nine years, 
in consideration of the sum of $148.43 and a yearly rent of 
$240.00, part of " Ridgley's Whim," containing 33 acres and 
30 square perches of land.'^ That part of " Hebron " which 
remained in the occupancy of the McCormick Family lay in 
the middle between the land sold to Van Bibber and the land 
leased to Jencks. In his will, dated 17 April 1860, John Pleas- 
ants McCormick left to his wife " the farm or tract of land in 
Baltimore County on which I reside called Hebron, contain- 
ing about 40 acres in fee." To his nephew, James L. McCor- 
mick, son of his brother, he left " all my interest in 33 acres 
and 30 perches of land in Baltimore County leased to Francis 

«^ Baltimore County Land Records, Liber T. K. No. 30L f. 305. 
Baltimore County Land Records, Liber T. K. No. 305, f. 245. 
Francis Haynes Jencks (1812-1888) , a prominent citizen of Baltimore, who 
cajne here from New England; grandfather of Francis Haynes Jencks, the well 
known Baltimore architect. There seems to be no tradition that the Jencks 
family ever occupied this land as a country seat (see aader " Mount Pleasant.") 
"Baltimore County Land Records, Towson, Maryland, Liber 5, f. 105. 



Jencks for $240.00 per annum called Ridgely's Whim." In 
her will, dated 21 December, 1866, Elizabetli Ann McCormick, 
widow o£ J. P. McCormick, leaves to Stewart Brown and Fred- 
erick Brune, for the benefit of her great-nephew, Thomas P. 
McCOTmidi, until he comes of age, " wtf feriffl or property in 
Baltimore County consisting of about twenty-four acres of land 
called Hebron." On November 6, 1861; John P. McCormick 
and wife sold to Charles Reese sonSfCtliing over 16 acres of 
land, part of " Ridgely's Whim," situated two miles from Bal- 
timore City, bounded on the north by the Public Road lead- 
ing from the York Turnpike Road to the Falls Turnpike Road 
(Cold Spring Lane) , a distance of 960 feet, and on the east 
by " Gibson " (part of Paradise Farm) Mrs. McCormick 
released a mortgage on this property to Mr. Reese, 17 May, 
1862, which was then the place of residence of Mr. Reese, 
" formerly called Hebron and now called Elsinore." ®- Messrs. 
Brune and Stewart, Mrs. McCormick's executors, being em- 
powered under the terms of a codicil to sell part or all of 
" Hebron " which she had willed to Thomas P. McCormick, 
accordingly did sell two small parcels of this farm, one to Ed- 
ward M. Greenway, the other to David G. Mcintosh. They 
deeded, on June 2, 1873, all that remained of " Hebron" in 
the family, 16^ acres, to Thomas P. McCormick, who had 
recently come of age." On August 8, 1881, Mr. McCormick 
sold this property, " being part nf a tract of land called " Heb- 
ron," to Elizabeth Lee, of Baltimore County, for a consider- 
ation of $6,600.00.** In this way the McCormicks parted com- 
pany with the last parcel of land which descended to them 
through the Lux family from Colonel Charles Ridgely. Some 
time before 1886 Mr. Thomas H. Hanson, a Baltimore man 
of affairs and philanthropist, acquired this small estate, which 
he called "Wilton Villa." In that year he made a deed of gift 
of seven acres of this property to the trustees of St. Mary's 
Female Orphan Asylum, on which new buildings to house 

Wills, Baltimore County, Liber 30, f. 308. 
»" Wills, Baltimore County, Liber 33, f. 493. 

"^Baltimore County Land Records, Liber G. H. C. No. 33, f. 327, Towson, 

*« Baltimore County Land Recorcb, Liber H. M. F. No. 16, f. 447. 
•*Balti»ore County Lsuid Record, Liber 81, f. 118, Towson, Maryland. 
••Baltimore County Land Recor<te, Liber 127, f. 65, Towson, Maryland. 



that institution were, without delay, erected. Mr. Hanson be- 
queathed to the asylum nine mcms more, after the death of bis 
wife. She died in 1896. The asylum purchased four acres of 
"Mr. Jencks" (Francis M. Jencks, 1846-1918, son of Francis 
H. Jendcsj abow iMC*ttioteed) , in l^ft, fyiHg' betweite the tend 
already in its possession aisfl Roland Avenue."^ A " spring 
branch " rises on Hebron and empties into Stony Run. I 
believe it is now entirely covered over. 

Mrs. Fendall'5 Inheritance 

Upon the death of her father, Mr. Cockey, in 1813, Mrs. 
Fendall came into possesion of 264 acres, part of " Ridgely's 
Whim." Some small part of this land lay west of Evans Chapel 
Road, in Roland Park. The remainder included all the land 
formerly bounded by Evans Chapel Road, Wyndhurst Avenue 
(then called Cedar Lane) , Stony Run and Cold Spring Lane. 
East of Stony Run it took in almost all of " Attica," lately the 
Robert Garrett estate, and " Blythewood," but did not include 
all of " Linkwood," the estate of the late Dr. Hugh Hampton 
Young, or the Crocker property. These properties belonged 
to " Paradise Farm." 

Cedar Grove 

During the lifetime of Dr. Fendall, Mrs. Fendall disposed 
of all of her land situated to the eastward of Stony Run, and 
her land lying west of Evans Chapel Road. On July 19, 1815, 
Dr. and Mrs. Fendall conveyed to David Jones 40 acres of 
land, being part of " Ridgely's Whim," situated on both sides 
of Stony Run, but mostly on its eastern side, including the 
southern part of what later became known as " Blythewood." ** 

A Hundred Years of St. Mary's Female Orphan Asylum of Baltimore, 1808- 
1908, by Samuel C. Appleby, pp. 1, 31, 45. Courtesy of Miss Martha Bokel. 

This and adjoining land, forming one property, were advertised for sale in 
the Baltimore American of March 16, 1815, by one William Vance, a Baltimore 
engineer, who must have been an agent for the Fendalls. The property is 
described as follows: "100 acres of land with a mill seat, situated between the 
York and the Falls Turnpike Roads, about A mile from each, in a very agree- 
able and healthy [sic] situation, commanding an extensive view of the environs 
of the Bay. The chief part oi the said land is heavity tiwbered, a never iailtng 
stream [Stony Run] nm* throt^ it with a great fall for water works. It has 
several sprifigt ctf excellent water. A public temd ^CMd Spttof X^^e] rma in 
front from tfie Yeric Road to the FaSs Twn^tiie Road. This tract proceeds 
from Dr. Fendalts farm. The scril is very ridi and the title indisputable. The 



This small farm was called " Cedar Grove." Within its limits 
at the intersection of Kendall and Wilmslow Roads, in Ro- 
land Park, stands an old stone house, which, until recently, 
was the residence of Mr. and Itlts. Malcolm Marty. Accord- 
ing m avaifetMe evMeftce, ftM ho«»e must have teean tmilt by 
Thomas Deye Cockey, between 1800 and 1813. A somewhat 
later addition was probably put up by Jones."' This Mr. Jones 
was a native of Great Britain, atnd died at " Cedar Grove," Sep- 
tember 13, 1845.'* His widow, Mrs. Sarah Jones, resided there, 
but before 1876 the property had passed into other hands."' 


An interesting article by the late B. Latrobe Weston, en- 
titled " Before Roland Park," appeared in the Baltimore Eve- 
ning Sun of May 8th, 1934. Mr. Weston goes into the history 
of two farms, or estates, " Oakland," 264 acres, and " Wood- 
lawn," 117 acres. The former is, in large part, composed of 
that part of " Ridgley's Whim " whidi Charles Ridgley gave 
to his daup;hter Mrs. Chamier (see under "Ridgley's Whim "). 
It lies outside the Stony Run watershed and does not concern 
us. " Woodlawn," says Mr. Weston, was purchased of " the 

said place wiM be divided into two lots if required, one with the mill seat and 
the other which k heavily timbered, is said to contain very rich iron ore." In 
the Baltimore American of April 15th, same year, this same tract of land is 
again advertised. Applicants are advised to apply to P. Launay or to Dr. Fen- 
dall, Gay Street. This notice mentions the possibilities of the " great fall " of 
water. The chief part is said to be " heavily timbered "; the rest in " young 
and thriving timber." The property lies f of a mile from Baltimore Town. 
The deed from Fendall to Jones is recorded in Baltimore County Land Records, 
Liber W. G. No. 134, t. 29. 

"'The author interviewed Mr. Marty on March 18, 1944, who most kindly 
gave him the following information: 

Mr. Marty has seen a newspaper advertisement of the year 1815 (which I 
overlooked) in which the property in questkm ii described >s improved by a 
" modem stone house," a barn and an ice pond. Mr. and Mrs. Marty have a 
letter they received from a descendant of David Jon«, hi Which the writer says 
that he (Mr. Jones) tmilt the house then standing. Mr. and Mrs. Marty owned 
one acre of ground on which the house stood. This house may well be the oldest 
building in the Stony Run valley, which, to be sure, is not saying very much. 

"Dielman Biographical Index, Md. Hist. Society. The deceased was 65 years 
old and had resided 44 years in Baltimore County. 

""J. C. Sidney and P. S. Brown's Map of Baltimore City and County, 1850, 
op. cit., shows the residence of " Mrs. Jones " on the west side of Stony Run 
and the north side of Cold Spring Lane. Robert Taylor's map of Baltimore 
City tad Cowity, 1875, shows the house of " Mrs. Jones— Cedar Park." Hopkins' 
Atlas of Baltimore and its Environs, 1876, plate T, shows the house and land in 
question as in the possession of W^illiam A. Martien. 



Greenways," in 1862, by Mr. Hiram Woods, a Baltimore mer- 
chant engaged in sugar refining, who built a residence on the 
property. The entrance to his farm was marked by a gate- 
house, which stood near the present intersection of Roland Ave- 
nue and Eliaharst Kmed. Mr. Wewtw fmaitioiis the coftj^der- 
able lake (which was partly included within the limits of this 
farm) , which was used for boating and fitshing.^"" This pond, 
or small lake, was the largest of the three ponds which, in the 
past century, were situated on Stony Run, between Wyndhurst 
Avenue and Cold Spring Lane. Mr. Weston goes on to tell 
how Mr. Woods sold " Woodlawn " to Richard Capron in 
1874, who years later conveyed it to the Roland Park Com- 
pany. According to Mr. Weston, " Woodlawn," extended to 
" Cross Keys," on the western side of Evans' Chapel Road. 

The original "Woodlawn," part of " Ridgely's Whim," came 
out of the 264 acres of her grandfather Ridgely's estate which 
belonged to Mrs. Edward Fendall. The name is commemor- 
ated by W^oodlawn Road. "Woodlawn" lay within the area 
bounded by Stony Run, Cold Spring Lane, Evans Chapel 
Road and Cedar Lane, later known as Wyndhurst Avenue, 
and contained about 135 acres. The old Woodlawn house, resi- 
dence of the Woods family, stood, until about thirty years ago, 
on the north west corner of Woodlawn and Upland Roads, in 
Roland Park, on the site (unless I am very much mistaken) 
of the Fendall house. It was a frame house. 

Years after the death of Dr. Fendall ^"^ his widow began div- 
iding up " Woodlawn " and deeding it away in lots. On March 
9, 1863, she sold to Edward M. Greenway some 24 acres, part 
of " Ridgely's Whim," which is described in the deed as the 
land which Rachel Lux, in 1803, conveyed to Mrs. Fendall, 
" subject to a life interest in her mother, Anne Cockey." 
The land so conveyed bounds for a third of a mile on Evans 
Chapel Road and for 23 perches on Cedar Avenue (Wynd- 

'"•The author consulted Miss Lucy Cbtae Woods, a daughter of Mr. Hiram 
Woods, about this lake, who told him that it was used for bating. 

Dr. Edward FendaU died, 12 Sept., 1854, at the age of 47. He was one of 
the pioneers in the practice of dentistry in Baltimore City. He owned a farm 
in Charles County and a farm in Harford County at the time of his death. 
(Wills, Baltimore County, Liber 15, f. 277) . 

^"^ Baltimore County Land Records, Liber 37, f. 33, Towson, Md. The deed 
of 1803 is recorded in Liber W.G. No. 76, f. 278. 



hurst Avenue) . Included in his deed was the right to erect a 
water wheel on Stony Run for the purpose o£ pumping water 
from a spring. This spring rose in the hollow now partly occu- 
pied by Park Lane, Roland Park, where Park Lane and Kes- 
wick Road meet. On September 7th o£ the same year Mr. 
Greenway conveyed this land to Hiram Woods, Jr."^ 

The name of " Woodlawn" dates from the time of the Fen- 
dalls. Although there is an Irish "Woodlawn""* our "Wood- 
lawn " probably has no connection with any place in Great 
Britain. The reader will find the words " Woodlawn— Mrs. Fen- 
dall-" in that area of Robert Taylor's Map of Baltimore City 
and County (1857) which is bounded by Evans Chapel Road 
(so named). Cold Spring Lane (not named), Wyndhurst Ave- 
nue (then called Cedar Lane, but not named) , and Charles 
Street (so named) , then but recently laid out. Evans Chapel 
Road is shown in its entirety, from Cold Spring Lane to the road 
now called Lake Avenue, at "J. W. Wards— Poplar Hill." Years 
later, the greater part of this old road was absorbed, so to speak, 
by Roland Avenue. 

On October .^0, 1863, Mr. Woods purchased of Mrs. Fen- 
dall some 15 acres of " Ridgely's Whim," adjoining the land 
he had acquired of Mr. Greenway,^ and on May 10th of the 
following year Mrs. Fendall sold him 33;^ acres more, adjacent 
to his first purchase.^"* These lands, with some additions which 
need not detain us, made up his " Woodlawn " farm. He sold 
it, 19 May, 1875, for a consideration of $100,000.00 to Mrs. 
Laura Lee Capron, wife of Richard J. Capron.^"^ That the Ro- 
land Park Company acquired this farm from the Caprons is 
stated on the authority of Mr. Weston (see above) . 

On May Uth, 1864, Mrs. Fendall sold 19| acres of " Ridge- 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber 38, £. 464, Towson, Md., Hiram 
Woods, Jr. (1826-1901) , was the son of Hiram and Elizabeth (Chase) Woods, 
of Halifax, Mass., and Baltimore, Md. 

""Bartholomew's Gazeteer of the British Isles, ninth edition: Woodlawn is 
the name of a railway station in the eastern part of County Galway, 10 miles 
west of Ballinsloe, and Woodlawn House, the seat of Lord Ashton, stands one 
mile south-west of the station. 

1'"' Baltimore County Land Records, Liber 39, f. 1, Towson, Md. 

""^ Baltimore County Land Records, liber 41, f. 8, Towson, Md. 

This information comes from a mortgage, Capron to Woods, recorded at 
Towson, Md., in Liber 62, at f. 260. 1 was unable to find the deed from Woods 
to Capron. 



ly's Whim " to Allen A. Chapman.^"* This piece of land was 
bounded by the land belonging to the Kyles (see presently) , 
by the land belonging to " Mrs. Jones " (" Cedar Park," q.v.) 
a«4 by an avenue 30 feet wide. On March 28, 1873, Messrs. 
Brooks and Barton, assignees in bankruptcy, paid Mrs. Chap- 
man $1 135.02 for her dower rights in this and three other par- 
cels of land.^"* About this time, or not long afterwards, this 
property was " developed " with the idea, so we are told, of 
providing homes for working men, and called " Evergreen." 
It was the first " development " in this neighborhood, and long 
antedated Roland Park, of which it is not a part."" 

On May 1 1, 1863, Mrs. Fendall deeded to George Goldsmith 
Presbury, Jr., 22f acres of " Ridgely's Whim," bounded on the 
north by " an avenue leading from Charles Street Avenue " 
to Evans Chapel Road (this was Wyndhurst Avenue) and on 
the south by Samuel A. S. Kyle's part of the same land."^ On 
November 4, 1864, she deeded to Anne E. Kyle (her daugh- 
ter, wife of Samuel A. S. Kyle), 17 acres, part of "Ridgely's 
Whim." This land, to judge by her deed to Presbury, was 
already in the possession of the Kyles. It was bounded by tlie 
land sold to Presbury, the land sold to Chapman, the land sold 
by Greenway to Woods, and the land of Mr. Edmondson 
(" Blythewood "). As far as I can make out, this property and 
the property deeded to Chapman were the last portions of 
" Ridgely's Whim " in the possession of Mrs. Fendall. 

In her will, dated 18 May, 1868, in which she describes her- 
self as a resident of Baltimore City, Mrs. Fendall expresses a 
desire to be buried " in the family burying ground at Wood- 
lawn, Baltimore County." It seems not unlikely that this 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber 41, t. 6, Towson, Md. 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber 79, f. 245, Towson, Md. 

Hopkins's Atlas of Baltimore and Its Environs, Vol. 1, p. 76, Plate T, shows 
this piece of land divided into ninety-three lots, and bounded by Cold Spring 
Lane, and the lands of Richard J. Capron, S. Kyle and William Martein. The 
" Pro.p Narrow Gauge [sic] Railroad " (later the Maryland and Pennsvlvania) , 
runs through the Martein property, having been constructed as far as Towson- 
town. The " development " is intersected by Chestnut Avenue and Prospect 
Avenue, both running north and south. 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber 37, f. 400, Towson, Md. 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber 43, f. 254, Towson, Md. 
"'Wills, Baltimore County, Towson, Md., Liber 4, f. 329. The following 
children are mentioned in this will: Anne Kyle, aforesaid; Philip R. Fendall; 
Alice L. Maynadier, wife of Jeremiah Maynadier; Charles E. Fendall; Emily L. 



graveyard was situated on the Kyle estate, for these seventeen 
acres were all that was left of the 264 acres which had descended 
to Mrs. Fendall from her great-grandfather Ridgely. In mod- 
ern terms this propaity k «ot-Ee«iiid«d: a« iolkiwfr: by Oak^le 
Road, Keswick Road, Hawthorn Road and Elmhurst Road, 
and is a part of Roland Park. Mrs. Fendall died December 28, 
1873.1" Her ^aghter, Mrs. Kyle, iSM the Mlowii^ year. Her 
will leaves the property in question to her husband, Samuel 
A. S. Kyle."* 

On December 15, 1863, George G. Presbury and wife, Louisa, 

conveyed to Hiram Woods, Jr., for a consideration of $500.00, 
certain rights, which are defined in the deed as follows: 

The joint and equal right, benefit, etc., in common with the said 
Presbury of using the Pond constructed by the latter [Presbury] on 
his land adjoining the land of the said Woods situated in Balti- 
more County on the road or lane called Cedar Lane [now Wynd- 
hurst Avenue] for the purpose of cutting and taking therefrom a 
supply of ice; also for the purpose of boating and bathing with the 
right also to construct and put up a wheel house at a suitable place 
on the land of the said Presbury and having retained sufficient 
ground for the construction of the said wheel house with the right 
to enter at all suitable times for repairi% the same, and also the 
perpetual right of having a sufficient supply of water from the Pond 
aforesaid to drive the said wheel in order to force the water upon 
and supply the premises of the said Hiram Woods, Junior, with 
water from the springs on the grounds of the said George G. Pres- 
bury, Junior, lying west of the Stony Run Stream, and also right 
to a road way from the said Pond through the land of the said 
Presbury to the premises of the said Woods with free ingress and 
egress. [Right to erect the water wheel is confirmed by Presbury to 
Woods, the said wheel to be erected] "at or below the Spring on 
Stony Run." [It is therein provided] " that the pipe leading from 
the Pond within mentioned to the water wheel of the said Woods 
shall not be over six inches in diameter that no further drain of 
water from the Pond shall be made."^^^ 

Duval, wife of Elridge G. Duvall; Aiaminta Duvall, wife of William B. 
Duvall; and a deceased daughter, Louisa, who married, and had an only child, 
Mrs. George H. Kyle. 
^^'IMelBi^ Biographical Index, Md. Hist. Society. 

BaltiiBore Coknty Wills, Towson, Md., Liber 4, f. 445. Thk will was pro- 
bated 22 Dec., 1874. 
^^n« was a member of 'the Baltimore firm of Dinsmore and Kyle. 
Baltimore County Land Records, Liber S9, f. 194, Towson, Md. 



On June 12th, 1866, Mr. Presbury sold to Mr. Woods the 
23| acres, part of " Ridgely's Whim," which he bought of Mrs. 
Fendall.^" Ownership of the pond was thereby divided. 

When it was intact, this Yt&nA (or " lake," as it was some- 
times called) must have been a thing of considerable beauty. 
Photographs of the two lesser ponds, situated a little farther 
downstream, both on " Blythewftod," show lovely sheets of 
water, with beautiful suiroundings. Unfortunately about 1876, 
a narrow gauge railway (later the Maryland and Pennsylvania) 
was built from Baltimore up the valley of Stony Run. It crossed 
the lake from south to north, destroying (there can be no rea- 
sonable doubt) whatever charm it may have possessed. This 
pond and the " Paradise Mill " pcmd were, in my opinion, the 
largest ponds ever built in this valky. The Presbury pond was 
six hundred feet long and its extreme width was not less than 
two hundred feet.^^® 


On the western side of Charles Street Avenue, between 
Wyndhurst Avenue and Cold Spring Lane, there were, until 
lately, three comparatively old countryseats, " Windhurst," 
later " Attica," " Blythewood " and Crocker's, which last, as 
far as I have been able to find out, had no name either fancy, 
historical, or realistic. "Blythewood" was the first to be, sub- 
divided. " Wyndhurst " is a variation, but scarcely an improve- 
ment, on " Windhurst," if, as I believe, they were not pro- 
nounced alike."" The Robert Garretts, called it " Attica," the 
Bakers called it " Windhurst," and George G. Presbury, it is 
said, called it " Eagles." It is now the seat of Boumi Tem- 
ple, Ancient Arabic Order, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. The 
impressive Baker -Garrett mansion has been pulled down. 
" Attica " and the northern part of " Blythewood " came out 
of a tract of land, containing 56| acres, probably a small farm, 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber 45, f. 284, Towson, Md. 

These measurements are taken from Hopkins' Atlas of Baltimore and its 
Environs, 1876, Vol. 1, p. 76, Plate T. 

On Hopkins' Atlas of Baltimore and Its Environs, 1875, the place, then the 
residence of William S, G. Baker, is called " Windhurst," while the avenue on 
which it bounds is called Wyndhurst Avenue. 

This information comes from the late J. Paul Baker, a son of William S. 
G. Baker. 



part of " Ridgely's Whim " and part of " Gift Resurveyed," 
which Dr. and Mrs. Edward Fendall conveyed to John Martin 
in the year 1819.^^^ In 1822 Martin sold this property to Gran- 
ville S. 01dfield."8 Oldfield sold it, in 1827, to Henry Hazle,"* 
who, in 1833, with John Berryman, conveyed it to William 
Lowry.^2= Lowry held it nearly ten years and, in 1843, sold it 
to Dr. James Duck.^^* On July 16, 1847, Dr. Duck, then of 
Brooklyn, New York, sold this estate, together with an adja- 
cent part of " Vauxhall," to the Rev. James Joseph Dolan, for 
15000.^^^ In less than thirty years this property had had four 
owners, and the end of this short-term ownership was not yet. 
The same year Father Dolan purchased of Mrs. Mary Linthi- 
cum, trustee, lands adjoining his first purchase on the east. His 
second purchase included all the northern part of the Notre 
Dame School and Convent grounds, and was mostly part of 
"Job's Addition." In 1850 he deeded all these lands to the 
Trustees of the Orphans' Home.^^* 

Father Dolan, a native of Ireland, was a man of ideas and 
ideals. He built the Orphans' Home with borrowed capital, 
in 1847. The Home was not incorporated until 1849.^^* The 
inmates of the Home were expected to work on the farm, 
which was said to be in a neglected condition. The site of the 
Home is indicated by name on Sidney and Brown's Map of 
Baltimore City and County, 1850."° Shown on this map is a 

'"Baltimore County Land Records, Liber ^V. G. No. 153, f. 283, and Liber 
W. G. No. ]54, f. 8. The first deed conveys 53 acres and a small plot of 114 
square perches. The 53 acres are described as bounded by " Vauxhall " and 
" Job's Addition " and by the land sold to David Jones {q. v.) . The second deed 
calls for 3 acres and 20 square perches, part of " Ridgely's Whim." 
Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. 164, f. 354. 
Baltim<»re County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. 186, £. 73. 

>•* Baltimore County Land Records, Liber T.K. No. 230, f. 165. 

"•Baltimore County Land Records, Liber T.K. No. 335, f. 532. 

"'Baltimore County Land Records, Liber A.W. B., f. 283. The land therein 
conveyed is described as all the land which was sold to the grantor by William 
Lowry and wife, except 24 acres, part of " Ridgely's Whim " and " Vauxhall," 
which James Duck and wife sold to Michael Alder, 25 March last past. 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber A. 'W. B. No. 445, f. 337. In this 
conveyance the deed from Linthicum to Dolan is referred and its date given. 
Mrs. Linthicum was a Bryan, and the land she deeded to Father Dolan had 
belonged to her father, James Bryan (q.v.) . 

""Acts of the Maryland Assembly, 1849, Chapter 389. 

By J. C. Sidney and P. J. Browne, Publisiied, Baltimore, Md., by James 
M. Stephens. On this map there is no sign of Wyndhurst Road, nor is it to 
be observed on Taylor's Map of Baltimore City and County, 1857. 



road leading from the York Road to the Orphans' Home. A 
section of this road is still in use under the name of Notre 
Dame Lane.^** During the time of tfce Chphftns' Home the 
spring on this property was blessed, and seminary students 
used to visit it in order to drink of its waters."^ This spring, 
situated a short distance soathejwt of tht site of the Garrett 
mansion, near Charles Street, has been covered over, but the 
old springhouse which sheltered it is undoubtedly the one now 
standing. This springhouse is shown (I believe) on Hopkins' 
Atlas of Baltimore and its Environs, 1876^^^ 

The estate lately known as " Attica " was the seat of the 
Orphans' Home for thirteen years, if we begin with Father 
Dolan's deed from Dr. Duck. On Noven^r 8, 1860, the 
Trustees of the Orphans' Home sold this property, containing 
38 acres, and composed of parts of " Ridgely's Whim," " Gift 
Resurveyed " and " Mount Pleasant," to William B. Duvall, 
Jr., for a consideration of $38,000."* The two tracts of land 
last named lay, respectively, the one along Cold Spring Lane, 
the other along Charles Street Avenue. During these thirteen 
years the value of the property had greatly increased, owing in 
part to the extension of Charles Street Avenue, in 1854, and 
perhaps to the laying-out of Cedar Lane, now Wyndhurst 
Ave., but chiefly, I believe, to the erection of a substantial 
building, the Orphans' Home, itself. 

In purchasing this estate Mr. Duvall bought back into the 
possession of the Ridgley family that part of " Ridgely's Whim " 
of which it was largely composed, but only for a brief spell. 
His first wife, whom he married December 12, 1837, was 

From Miss Martha C. Bokel I obtained the following information: Notre 
Dame Lane runs from the York Road to the east side of the Notre Dame pro- 
perty, a short distance west of the site of the Albert (Cedar Lawn) Lake. It 
was orginally called Church Lane, and went to the Orphans Home. 

This information was given me by the late Mr. J. Paul Baker, who was 
born in 1863, and went to live on " Windhurst," the name his father gave to 
the Orphans Home property, in 1865, when the elder Mr. Baker bought it. 
This gentleman was William Sebastian Graff Baker, who died about 1920, at 
the age of eighty-three. 

History of Saint Mary's Church. Govans, by the Rev. Paul E. Meyer, 1942, 
pp. 16, 19. lot calling my attentk»i to this history I am much indebted to 
Miss Martha C. Bokel. Hopkins' Atlas af Baltimore and Its Environs, W6, 
Vol. 1, Plate T, p. 76. Thra map shows a small building situated at the head of 
the stream, a tributary of the Hcnueland Branch of Stony Run, which rises on 
Attica at the spring over which stands the present springhouse. 
"*Towson, Maryland, Deed Book SI, f. 185. 



Laura Fendall, a daughter of Dr. Edward Fendall and Frances 
Thwaites (Cockey) Fendall. She died in 1845, and he married, 
t'ftd., her sister, Araminta Fendall, who died in 1909. Mr. Du- 
vall was born in 1813, and died in 1869."^ 

The property under consideraticai was sold by William B. 
Duvall, May 5, 1862, to George -G. Rresbury, Jr., who has al- 
ready been mentioned. Mr. Duvall lippei»« to have lost money 
in the transaction. The consideration was $23,470, subject to 
payment o£ a mortgage to the trustees of the Orphans' Home, 
ammBstii^ to $6,500.^** 

George Gouldsmith Presbury, Jr., the fourth of that name, 
was a man of excellent family, according to Maryland stand- 
ards of his time. He belonged to that branch of the Presburys 
of " Elk Neck," Harford County, which owned and resided 
upon an extensive estate situated on the Baltimore County 
side of Gunpowder River, above CHiver Point.^'^ This estate 
was called " Surveyor's Point," the old name for Oliver Point. 
He was the son of George Gouldsmith Presbury, III, and his 
wife, Sarah Howard, daughter of Thomas Gassaway Howard, 
Esq. of " Bloomfield," Baltimore County, ancestors of the 
Duchess of Windsor. Mr. Presbury engaged in the hotel busi- 
ness. He owned, it is said, a hotel in Philadelphia and a hotel 
in Cape May. During the season at Cape May chilling east 
winds were wont to blow and chilly days occurred, especially 
as autumn and closing-time drew nigh. The late J. Paul Baker 
told me that the resourceful Mr. Presbury met this situation 
by appearing before his guests attired in light summer cloth- 
ing, while (unknown to theia, but, perhaps suspected by some) 
he had on " two or three suits of heavy undenvear." I am 
imder the impression that after selling " Windhurst," or " Ea- 
gles . . ." as he is said to have called it, he went to live in the 
North. I am informed that he married a Miss Lusby.^'* Except 

I do not find this road (Wyndhurst) on any map prior to 1860; but I think 
it may be eoRsiderably older. My opinion to that it was a farm lane, giving accew 
to the Alder farm, which occupied the northern side of Cedar Lane between 
Roland Avenue and Stony Run, being part of " Vauxhall," and was called Cherry 

"» Towson, Maryland, Deed Book 34, f. 329. 

See this author's account of the Presbury family in Maryland Historical 
Magazine, Volume LIII, p. 247, note 32. 
The author had this from his mother, 



as a surname of colored people, the Presbury name appears to 
be extinct in Maryland. 

The property later known as " Windhurst," and later still 
as " Attica," came into the possession of William Sebastian Graff 
Baker in 1865. He purchased it of George G. Presbury, Jr., for a 
consideration of sixty thousand dollars, and it contained a little 
over thirty-eight acres.^*' Mr. B*ker died about 1920, at the 
age of eighty-three. His wife was EMzabeth Zanzinger Cockey. 
In 1945 I had the pleasure of interviewing his son, the late 
J. Paul Baker, who was then in his eighty-third year and who 
died a few years later. Mr. Baker was born in Baltimore and 
went to live at "Windhurst" (as the Bakers called it) in 1865. 
At that time Wyndhurst Road, according to Mr. Baker, was a 
country lane bordered by cedar trees, and was called Cedar 
Lane. Mr. Baker showed me an old photograph of " Wind- 
hurst." Since this photograph was taken the aspect of the house 
was considerably altered, but it appeared to this author to have 
been, in the time of the Bakers, of the same size as it is today. 
It was four stories high. Mr. Baker told me that his father 
had been obliged to rebuild one of the walls of " Windhurst " 
which rested on an old foundation. At the time of this inter- 
view I was of the opinion that George Gouldsmith Presbury 
built " Attica " or " Windhurst." Mr. Baker agreed with this 
theory, but said he thought Mr. Presbury had erected the man- 
sion on the foundations of the Orphans' Home. He added 
that the Garretts had made considerable improvements in the 
house. The Rev. Paul E. Meyer, the author of the History of 
Saint Mary's Church, Govanstown, was of the opinion that 
the Orphans' Home stood on the site of the Garrett mansion. 
There are no ruins or extensive foundations on this property 
which might be the remains of the Home. I, myself, have come 
around to the opinion that the Garrett mansion was the Or- 
phans' Home, altered so as to make it into a convenient fam- 
ily residence. There is reason to believe that it was not built 
by Mr. Presbury and dates from before the time of his own- 
ership. In the time of the Bakers there was a windowpane in 
the dining room on which was engraved, or scratched, the name 

Towson, Maryland, Deed Book 44, £. 402. Bond, George G. Presbury, Jr., 
to William S. G. Baker, 15 April, 1863. 



" Duvall." I had this from Mr. J. Paul Baker. In all proba- 
WKty the Duvalls built " Attica." 

Mr. Baker's father sold " Windhurst " to the late Robert 
Garrett in 1906.^*° The property remained in the possession 
of this distinguished gentleman for over fifty years. It was a 
" show-place," the seat of culture and the scene of elegant 


This beautiful name is probably not fanciful in its origin, 
as some people tnight be led to suppose. Blythewood and 
Blythswood are the names of British family seats. Blythwood is 
the name of a family seat and post-town near Maidenhead, 
Berkshire. Blythswood is the name of a seat on the south bank 
of the Clyde, below Renfrew, in Scotland."^ 

On May 10th, 1667, (Colonel) John Duglas (Douglas) took 
up " Blithwood," on the north side of the Potomac River, in 
Charles County, Maryland.^^^ This gentleman was a direct 
ancestor of Mrs. George Weems Williams, who for the past 
forty years has lived on Baltimore's Blythewood, in a beauti- 
ful house which occupies the site of the Blythewood bam. This 
is a very interesting coincidence. It is not unlikely that Col. 
John Douglas named his survey for a family seat in Scotland.^** 
A Baltimorean, Joseph A. Edmondson, who died May 16, 1891, 
at the age of seventy-three, named our local Blythewood. From 
a letter, addressed by his grandson, J. Hooper Edmondson, to 
George Weems Williams, dated November 17, 1932, we gather 

This infoimation is taken from a letter addressed to the author by Mr. 
Garrett from Lake Placid Club, Essex County. New York, 15 July, 1944: " When 
1 brought the property in 190is," the letter reads, " there was a frame cottage 
near my bam (which still stmids) . The cottage however was torn down and 
in its place was built the present stone house near the southern boundary. The 
main house, the bam and the frame cottage were the only buildings on the 
property in 1906— except a stone spring-house." 

^•^ The author is very much indebted to Mrs. George Weems Williams, who 
lives on part of Blythewood, for aid in preparing this chapter, particularly for 
the loan of Mr. Edmondson's letters to her late husband and for photographs 
of the two Blythewood ponds. The author is also indebted to Mr. James R. 
Edmunds, 3rd, another resident on Blythewood, for valuable information. 

''''Bartholomew's Survey Gazetteer of the British Isles, 9th edition, 1943, p. IT. 
Charles County Rent Roll, Calvert Papeis, No. 885J f . 86. 

"•The author has a note, the source of which he can not trace. It reads: 
" Blythswood is the seat of the Douglas-Campbell family." For Campbell-Doug- 
las I have a reference to Burke's Landed Gentry, 7, which I have not consulted, 
since it is not available. 



the following information: " I think my grandfather saw the 
name [Blythewood] somewhere in the Lake region of England 
when he was there in the early 1860's and adopted it." 

Except for a small strip of land along Charles Street Ave- 
nue, "Blythewood" is wholly included In "Ridgely's Whim," 
and most of it is included in that part of " Ridgley's Whim " 
which was surveyed for Charles Merryman, Jr., February 5th, 
1704, and called "Merryman's Beginning." On September 24, 
1861, the Rev. James Joseph Dolan and the Trustees of the 
Orphans' Home conveyed 15J acres to Joseph A. Edmond- 
son."* February 1, 1866, Mr. Edmondson bought 32 acres of 
William C. Conine and wife."' These lands, including a very 
small parcel purchased of Mrs. Fendall, composed the estate to 
which Mr. Edmondson gave the name of " Blythewood." The 
Conine property included a tract of some 18 acres purchased 
by Stephen Broadbent, Jr., of Sarah Jones, widow, July 17, 
1860,^^* and was part of the farm known as Cedar Grove {q.v.). 

Mr. Edmondson caused three houses to be built on " Blythe- 
wood," one for himself and one for each of his two sons. One 
of them, built partly of stone and partly of wood, and still 
standing, has had many owners, and is remembered as the 
Rulon-Miller house. 

The northernmost of the three houses, a frame building, was 
pulled down in 1926. On its site was built, for the late Mrs. 
John Oilman and her daughter, the late Mrs. D'Arcy Paul, 
after designs drawn by Charles Adams Piatt (1861-1933), the 
large and beautiful mansion, now the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
Hambleton Ober. The third house, still standing, which was 
separated from the others by Blythewood Road, was erected in 
1867, and is the home of Mr. and Mrs. James R. Edmunds, 

In conclusion, we quote, in part, Mr. Edmondson's letter to 
Mr. Williams, which is mentioned above. Referring to one of 
several photographs of the Blythewood lakes which were in the 
possession of Mr. Williams, Mr. Edmondson says: 

If there was a Blythewood in the Lake District, Bartholomew's Gazeteer 
{op. cit.) does not mention it. 
»"Tow»on, Maryland, Deeds. Liber 58, f. 152. 

TowBon, Maryland. Deeds, Liber 47, f. 518. 
»*" Towson, Mar)'land, Deeds. Liber SO, f. 105. 

I have it from Mr. Edmunds that this date is carved on his house. 



As to the picture of water flowing over the dam, this shows the 
dam at the south end of the " upper lake " just after a heavy rain. 
This lake was on the northerly part of Blythewood, oval in shape 
and parallel with the R.R. It was about 175 feet long by 100 feet 
wide and was formed by damming the stream, Stoney Run. Its 
purpose, ornamental in part, was more particularly to operate an 
overshot wheel and rsim which forced the household water up to a 
cistern in the top of the northernmost of the three houses on top 
of the hill. This water came from a natural spring across the R.R. 
in what is now Roland Park and was piped under the track over 
to the wheel house and thence forced up to the house. Stoney Run 
flowed from here south about 409 fefet under a wagon bridge, to 
the " lower lake " which was much larger, about 375 feet by 150 
and was formed by another and much larger dam, perhaps eight 
feet high, made of straie and topped with slabs of slate brought 
down from the quarries at Delta, Pennsylvania. Here too was a 
wheel house and ram which forced the same spring water up to the 
other two houses on top of the hill, in the upper of which my 
grandfather lived and we occupied the lower. This lake was stocked 
with fish, carp, mullets, &c. and had a boat. We got ice here for 
the two ice houses until we feared the water was polluted from 
Roland Park. This lake began to fill up about 1906 in the upper 
end but was still undimini^ed in size -v^m we soH the upper one- 
third of Blythewood to John W. (Jarrett in 1907. Hie balance was 
conveyed to him in 1910. 

G. M. Hopkins' Atlas of Baltimore and Its Environs, 1876, 
Plate T, shows the two lakes on "Blythewood" and the three 
dwelling houses. 


" Homeland," the estate of the Ferine family, containing 
391 acres, was sold by the heirs of the late Elias Glenn Ferine 
(June 14, 1829-June 15, 1922) to the Roland Park Company, 
in 1924, for a consideration of not less than one million dol- 
lars. This eminent company " developed " the estate, retain- 
ing the name, " Homeland," by which it had been known 
since 1835. Before 1835 it was called "Job's Addition." The 
family graveyard of the Perines was removed from " Home- 
land " in 1922, in anticipation, no doubt, of the sale of the 
property. The 78-year-old mansion was razed in 1924. 

" Homeland " is composed of divers tracts, and parts of 



tracts, of land, including: part of " Job's Addition "; part of 
Vauxhall " (the land west of Charles Street Avenue) ; part of 
" Friend's Discovery " (lying north of Belvedere Avenue) ; 
" Bryan's Meadows " and " AMftwSn to Bryaif s Meadows re- 
surveyed " (between the Homeland branch of Stony Run and 
the York Road) ; " Hannah's Lott " and part of " Sheredine's 

The kernel of " Homeland " k a tract of 150 acres, part of 
" Job's Addition." On it, upon the same site, have stood all 
of the four known dwelling houses of its owners. This piece 
of land is nearly a parallelogram, bounded on the north by Bel- 
vedere Avenue, on the west by Charles Street Avenue, and on 
the south by Homeland Avenue. On its eastern side its bounds 
keep close to the course of the Homeland stream. The south- 
ern part of " Job's Addition " lies below Homeland Avenue 
and has a different history, which will presently be taken up. 

" Job's Addition," 225 acres, was surveyed for Job Evans, 
August 24th, 1695, who assigned it to James Butler, by whom 
it was patented.*°° Evans was the patentee of " Friend's Dis- 
covery," 1000 acres. In 1746 Leonard Decauss and Jane Bour- 
dillon, separately, conveyed their rights in this land to Charles 
(later Colonel) Ridgley, the patentee of " Ridgely's Whim." 
In 1797 William Buchanan bought 150 acres, part of "Job's 
Addition," of Rebecca Ridgely."^ 

Maulden Ferine (1771-1794), who went from Harford Coun- 
ty, Maryland, to live in Baltimore, married, October 22, 1793, 
Hephsobah Brown, of New Jersey, who married, secondly, 
November 10, 1799, the aforesaid William Buchanan (1746- 
1824), who was Clerk of the Court of Baltimore County, by 
whom she had issue. By her first husband she had David Maul- 
den Ferine, of "Homeland," (1796-1882), the father of Elias 
Glenn Ferine, aforesaid. The former was for many years Clerk 
of the Court of Baltimore County, as his step-father had been 

L. O. M., P. R. L., Liber C. No. 3, f. 415, et seq. 

Baltimore County Land Records, Libar T. B. No. E, folios, 192, 193. 
"•Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W.G. No. 51, f. S88. In 1778, 
DtTby Lux, the son-in-law of Col. Ctaartas RidfeN, purchased of one James 
Duhurse, the whole of " Job's Addititsi." Baltimore County Land Records, Liber 
W. G. No. 3, f. 316) . I have not tried to work out all the phases of this 
puzzling title. 



before him. Mrs. Hephsobah (Brown) Buchanan died at 
" Job's Addition," November 4, 1832. 

The following description of improvements on William 
Buchanan's part of " Job's Addition *' Is fS/ksn flfotti a "Partic- 
ular Tax List of Patapsco Lower Hundred, Baltimore County, 
c. 1799-1800. This tax list is in the possession of the Maryland 
Historical Society: 

William Buchanan— a tract of land near Govans Town— 149 acres 
with a small tenement occupied by a negro man near Bryans say 
a log house 16 by 12. On the Land a bam & stable of log 40 x 18 
do. stable 16 by 12.2 old negro houses 20 by 14 [and] 10 by 10. A 
framed 2 story dwelling 30 by 20, stone addition, 32 by 20, 1 story, 
a Kitchen pardy of stone partly of wood 30 by 24. Fraime milk 
house 12 by 12. meat house 10 by 8. 

The information which follows, and some of the information 
which has already been given, is taken from a superb illustrated 
history of " Homeland," compiled by the late Washington 
Ferine, a son of Elias Glenn Ferine. This history, which is in 
manuscript, is a true labor of love. A copy of it may be seen in 
the library of the Maryland Historical Society: 

" Homeland " was named by David Maulden Ferine. The 
original entrance (before Charles Street Avenue was extended 
through "Homeland," in 1854) was a narrow roadway lead- 
ing in from the York Road at Govanstown. In 1839 Mr. Ferine 
took down the original, frame dwelling house [it was actually 
partly of stone], built before 1797, and built, upon the same 
site, a stone house of about 100 feet feet front, with front and 
rear porches to the second story each supported by six col- 
umns. Robert Cary L(Hig was its architect, and it cost about 
$40,000. It burned down on the night of March 7-8th, 1843, 
while the family was living in the city for the winter. The fire 
was supposed to have been of incendiary origin. Not discour- 
aged, Mr. Ferine had plans drawn for another mansion, to be 
erected on the same site. This house was finished in 1846, and 
stood for seventy-eight years. 

The ornamental " lakes," or more properly ponds, on Home- 
wood, which have not been drained and are still things of 
beauty, were dug in 1843. A conduit was at that time con- 



structed from the head-springs of the Homeland stream to the 
head of a hollow a short distance north of the mansion (where 
no doubt there was a spring). This conduit supplied the man- 
sksi smd its outbiiiMi^s witli waier. The sur^iis Jkmed 
down the hollow into the first of a chain o£ lakes lower down 
the valley. This conduit was 2100 feet long, and, in one place, 
seventeen feet under-ground. There were, in all, six lakes or 
ponds. One of them, which Mr. Ferine calls the " third," was 
named " the Banjo Pond." They were not intended for swim- 
ming, but were used as ice-ponds. The last, or lowest, pond 
was stocked with fish. Their usefulness was incidental, how- 
ever. Primarily, they were built for the purpose of beautifying 
the estate, and reflected great credit on the taste of the pro- 
prietor, for they must have cost a tidy sum. The springs which 
supplied the water for these water works and ponds were, pre- 
sumably never failing, so long as " Homeland " was a farm, all 
fields and woods; but now that the old estate is covered with 
houses and roads, this is no longer the case, and city water 
must be introduced in dry weather, to keep the ponds from 
going dry. 

The extension of Charles Street Avenue through " Home- 
land," in 1854, destroyed a number of apple trees in an or- 
chard planted about 1800. The logs of these old trees were 
kept in storage, until 1902, when they were turned over to a 
cabinet maker and made into dining-room chairs. The Mary- 
land Historical Society is the owner of two of these chairs. On 
the back of each one is carved a representation of one of the 
two mansions designed by Robert Gary Long, which stood on 
" Homewood." 

The Bryan Family 
Notre Dame Convent and School 

Among the " real " country people— early settlers of the 
Stony Run valley, or watershed, and their immediate descen- 
dants, as distinguished from Baltimore merchants, capitalists 
and professional men, owners of " country places," or a gen- 
tleman of elegant leisure, like Charles Carroll, of Homewood 
—were the members of the forgotten Bryan family.^*' The Tax 

"•Also O'Briai. Brien and Bryant. 



List of Patapsco Lower Hundred, Baltimore County, c. 1799- 
1800, credits James Bryan with 600 acres, of which, according 
to my estimate, more than half was within the confines of this 
valley, all in one farm. This big farm descended, altnoft in- 
tact, to his son, Charles Bryan, who died in 1837. I have in 
hand a copy of a plat of this property of not less than three 
hundred acres, made soon alter Cliwri^ Brysai's death (1837), 
showing the estate as divided among his wife and children, 
according to his will.^°* This farm included the present 
" Homeland " east of the Homeland stream; all of the Notre 
Dame Academy and Convent estate; all of the Albert country- 
place, " Cedar Lawn " (^f.v.) , lying east of the Convent prop- 
erty, south of Homeland Avenue; most of " Evergreen," and 
lands lying east of that estate to the York Road. It bounded 
on the York Road, though not continuously, for over a mile, 
and on the site of Charles Street Avenue from Homeland Ave- 
nue to the Homeland stream. 

Entered in the register of Saint Paul's Church, Baltimore 
County, are the dates of birth of the three children of Thurlo 
Bryan [or Briant] and his wife, Cicelia, as follows. Benjamin, 
born 17 Sept., 1721; Mary, born 17 Jan., 1722; and James, bom 
15 April, 1725, of whom presently. 

" Bryant's Chance," 50 acres, was surveyed for Henry Mor- 
gan, 22 January, 1742, and patented to him 31 August, 1743. 
It is described as being situated in Baltimore County, begin- 
ning " at two bounded red oaks standing on a hill near a 
branch called the Schoolhouse branch which descends into 
Jones Falls." In point of fact, this " branch," as we have 
already seen, descends into Stony Run, then known as the 
Great Run. The place of beginning is on the former Crocker 
property, at the northwest comer of Charles Street Avenue 
and Cold Spring Lane, now the site of the Charleston Hall 
Apartments. As we observed above, the soil at that spot is 
exceedingly thin and poor and, apparently, on that account 
has been passed by. In the certificate of survey of " Ridgely's 
Whim " (g.v.) , which was laid out Febmary 4, 1744, it is 

The author is indebted to his friend, the late Edward V. Coonan, one time 
City Surveyor for Baltimore, for the loan of this plat. 

L. O. M., Patented Certificate No. 832, Baltimore County. 



referred to as " Turlo O'Brien's hmd." This O'Brien, in spite 
of his Protestant affiliations, was almost certainly an Irishman. 
Henry Morgan, the patentee, conveyed " Bryant's Chance " to 
James Bryant, February 2md, 1751. It is likely that the elder 
O'Brian, Bryan or Bryant was living on the land in question 
when Henry Morgan took it up. The date of his death has not 
been a^^rtxined. His son, Jam@, sekd it, under the name of 
" Bryan's Chance," in 1788, to Abraham Van Bibber, an emi- 
nent Baltimore merchant and a man of the best social stand- 
ing. It thereby became a part of Van Bibber's " Paradise 
Farm," the site of Paradise Mill. Sixty years later the heirs of 
Mr. Van Bibber sold part of " Bryan's Chance " and adjacent 
parts of " Ridgely's Whim," 14^ acres, to David S. Wilson. This 
was the western part of his estate called " Kernwood " (q.v.) . 
In both deeds a plot of half an acre is reserved as the burying 
ground of the Bryan family. Where is this old graveyard? It 
is probably somewhere on the Loyola College grounds. The 
patriarch, Thurlo O'Brien, was, in all probability, buried 
there. I take it that he was dead by 1750, when Henry Mor- 
gan deeded " Bryan's Chance " to his son, James Biy^n. The 
late City Surveyor, Edward V. Coonan, who is mentioned 
above, told me that Solon Linthicum, whose wife was a 
Bryan, showed him this graveyard. Mr. Coonan was bom in 

On October 30, 1756, James Bryan took up " Bryan's Mea- 
dows " 98 acres, situated between York Road and " Job's Addi- 
tion," the old part of " Homeland," mostly, if not entirely, east 
of the Homeland branch, and forming today the greater part 
of " Homeland " lying east of that branch.^"' This land is 
described as " bounded by elder surveys," but a matter o£ 7f 
acres actually lay vacant between it and " Friend's Discovery," 
and, on Nov. 13, 1800, it was resurveyed and given the name 
of "Addition to Bryan's Meadows Enlarged." In 1802 Bryan 
sold to one James Long, for only sixty dollars, a little piece of 
land, situated at the northeastern comer of " Addition to Bry- 

Baltimc»re County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. B. B., f. 20. The deed 
from Morgan to Bryant is recorded among the Land Records of Baltimore 
County in Lifcer T. R. No. D., at folio 105. 

L. O. M., Patented Certificate No. 883, Baltimore County. 

L. O. M., Pataited Certificate No. 74, Baltimore County. 



an's Meadows Enlarged," lying at or about what is now the 
intersection o£ Homeland Avenue and the York Road."^ In 
this deed is mentioned a place called " Cockey's Lane." It 
would thus appear very likely that long ago a lane branched 
off from York Road at this spot, going through "Job's Addi- 
tion " to Thomas Deye Cockey's residence on part of " Ridg- 
ely's Whim " (q.v.) . We must remember that in 1802 Cold 
Spring Lane did not " exist." 

In 1763 James Bryan bought " Wheeler's Lot," 50 acres, of 
Maton Wheeler. This land lies on the east side of the York 
Road, a little above Cold Spring Lane."" In 1793 he pur- 
chased of Robert Gilmor and others. Lot No. 34, 89| acres."^ 
This " lot " was part of " Sheredine's Discovery " (q.v.) , a vast, 
sprawling tract of land, probably at one time a " barrens," once 
the property of the Principio Company and confiscated soon 
after the American Revolution. In 1794 he bought of Darby 
and William Lux the southern part of " Job's Addition," 75 
acres."^ In 1800 he conveyed to William Buchanan "all his 
right " to 150 acres, being the upper, or " Homeland," part of 
"Job's Addition.""^ What right he had to it does not appear, 
but it is probable that this deed was intended to settle a boun- 
dary dispute. All these lands constituted a single farm of over 
300 acres, which would not have amounted to much of an estate 
in a more remote section of the country; but it was situated in a 
part of the county which was destined soon to become " sub- 
urbanized," and the land is now basic to the title of a consid- 
erable portion of one of Baltimore's most important suburban 

On January 18, 1809, James Bryan made a deed of gift to 
his son, Charles Bryan, of Lot. No. 34, containing 89^ acres, 
part of " Sheredine's Discovery," 75 acres; part of " Job's Ad- 
dition," bounded on the north by the land of William Buch- 
anan; and part of " Wheeler's Lot," which had been conveyed 
to him by Wason Wheeler.^** In his will dated June 18, 1812, 

"» Baltimwe County Land Records, Liber W.G. No. 72, f. 681. 
""Deeds, Baltimore County, Liber B. No. L, f. 128. 
^"Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W.G. No. K. K. f. 516. 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. Q. Q. f. 36. 
1"' Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W.G. No. 62, f. 271. 

Baltimore County Land Records, Liber W. G. No. 100, f. 334. 



James Bryan devised to his son, Charles, the residue of his real 
estate in Baltimore County, including all but a small part of 
" Addition to Bryan's Meadows Resurveyed." 

According to an obituary notice in a Baltimore newspaper, 
James Bryan died December 17, 1812, at his residence near 
Baltimore, in his 87th year. He is described as a native of Bal- 
timore County.^*^ Children mentioned in his will were: Nich- 
olas Bryan, Eleanor Merryman, Elizabeth Hopkins, Mary Hop- 
kins, and the aforesaid Charles Bryan. 

The will of Charles Bryan was proved, September 6, 1837.^*' 
He married Harriet Hopkins (Baltimore County marriage 
license, dated April 11, 1807). By her he had three daugh- 
ters, Mary, Elizabeth and Jane Cecilia, and a son, James Bryan. 

Mary Bryan married Abner Linthicum, of Anne Arundel 
County, and died at Govanstown, January 7, 1892, in her 85th 

Elizabeth Bryan married Wesley Constable. 

Jane Cecilia Bryan married William Broadbent, Baltimore 
merchant whose place of business, on Baltimore Street was 
much frequented and well known in its day. He was the son 
of the Rev. Stephen Broadbent, a native of Halifax, England, 
and a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, bom about 
1767; died March 9, 1849, in his 7lst year,"^ and is buried in 
Greenmount Cemetery. William Broadbent and Jane Cecilia 
Bryan were married January 16, 1842.^*' She was his second 

James Bryan is not mentioned in this author's abstract of 
his father's will. On February 8, 1850, his mother, Harriet 
Bryan, widow, made over to him the farm on which they were 
then residing, containing fifty acres.^'" This farm was bounded 
on the east by the York Road, and on the north, approximately, 
by the site of Homeland Avenue. The widow Bryan resided 

Baltimore County Wills, Liber 9, f. 287. 
^'•Dielman Biographical Index, Md. Hist. Society, Heyward File, from the 
Baltimore American. 
1 ' Baltimore County, Wills, Liber 16, f. 340. 

^"^ Tombstone in Bryan lot, Greenmount Cemetery, Baltimore, Md. 

^'^ Dielman Biographical Index, Md. Hist. Society. Cecilia Bryan, Charles 
Bryan's youngest daughter, died March 25, 1870, in her 56th year. 

""Baltimore County Land Records, Liber A.W. B No. 428, f. 131. The same 
day James Bryan loised this land to his mother. 



on this land, in a house which stood on the north side of Notre 
Dame Lane.^'^ The Albert country-place called Cedar Lawn 
{q.v.) was part of this property. It has been suggested that 
the Albert " Mansion " was the old Bryan house, made over 
to suit more modern taste.^'^ 

The author has a copy of an old plat (c. 1838) of the farm 
of Charles Bryan as subdivided among his widow and his three 

Mrs. Harriet Bryan's will was proved August 7, 1866, and 
it seems likely that she died earlier that year.^'* 

Title to the land now owned and occupied by Notre Dame 
Convent and College may be traced to the Bryans. This land 
is part of " Job's Addition." The first parcel purchased by this 
institution was a tract of something over 33 acres. On August 
19, 1847, Mary Linthicum, aforesaid, sold this land to the Rev. 
James Joseph Dolan, who, on November 9, 1850, made it 
over to the Trustees of the Orphans' Home.^^^ The Trustees 
of the Home, together with Mary Taylor and Father Dolan, 
conveyed the property, at the price of $600 per acre, Septem- 
ber 7, 1858, to David M. Perine and the Messrs. Schoemacher 
and Reynolds.^'' This deed calls for " the church lot," a road 
to be laid out 20 perches wide (the future Homeland Avenue), 
and Charles Street Avenue. Tradition has it that the reason 
why Mr. Perine wanted to acquire this propery was that a 
cemetery company was bargaining for it, a doleful prospect 
which displeased him. 

On April 19, 1871, Messrs. Perine, Schoemacher and Rey- 
nolds sold this property to the School Sisters of Notre Dame.^'^ 

Sidney's Map of Baltimore City and County, 1850, shows the residence of 
" Mrs. Brien " on the north side of this lane. Mrs. Bryan got about 150 acres 
as her share of her husband's estate, about 75 acres part of which is now part 
of Homeland. 

"* 1 owe this suggestion to Miss Martha C. Bokel, whose family has resided 
in this immediate neighborhood for three generations. 

ITS ■j-jjjj original plat is not dated. It belonged to the late Edward V. Coonan. 
Wills, Towson, Maryland, Liber 3, f. 142. The testatrix mentions her 
grandson, Charles Henry Bryan and granddaughters, Anne Constable and Har- 
riet Jennette Constable. Robert Taylor's Map of Baltimore City and County. 
1857, shows the residences of Mrs. Linthicum (Mary Bryan) and that erf Mrs. 
Constable (Elizabeth Bryan) on the York Road, near the entrance to Notre 
Dame Lane. 

Baltimore Coanty Land Records, Liber A.W.B. No. 445, f. 337. 
Balto. Co. L. R., Towson, Md., Liber 23, f. 98. 
"'/Wd., Liber 70, f. 167. 



The late J. Paul Baker told the author that he remembered 
the Notre Dame property when it was all in woods. 


On December 13, 1848, Mary Linthicum, of Baltimore 
County, widow, leased to Benjamin W. Woods, on a ninety- 
nine year basis, a tract of land, containing fifty-three acres, 
which had been assigned to her by indenture dated September 
7, 1838, as her share of the real estate of her father, Charles 
Bryan. This tract of land was boufided on the east by the 
Ydtk Road and on the west by the given line of " Job's Addi- 
tion." On the north it was divided by a straight line from 
land assigned to her mother, Mrs. Bryan, as her share of 
Charles Bryan's real estate.'^^ Dr. Woods, vAio died in 1883, was 
in his day a well known physician.^" For many years he lived in 
a brick house situated on a small piece of land at the south- 
western comer of the York Road and Notre Dame Lane. Here, 
during the Civil War, he set up a private hospital for Union 
soldiers.^*** The land was part of the property he leased of Mrs. 
Linthicum, in 1848, ks noted above. The house is still stand- 
ing. In 1866 he purchased the land outright of Mrs. Linthi- 
cum. In 1885 it became the property of Mr. Patrick Gallagher, 
alrejwiy a resident of Govanstown, whose granddaughters, the 
Misses Bokel still own it.''" 

On Novembe 7, 1854, Dr. Woods leased to James Malcom, 
of Baltimore, for " an unexpired term of years," some nine- 
teen acres of the property leased to him by Mrs. Linthicum, 
clear of Charles Street Avenue, which was extended through 
this property that same year.*** On August 10, 1859, Mr. Mal- 

"'Ibid., Liber T. K. No. 406, £. 512; Liber T. K. No. 282, £. 148. 
Dielman Biographical Index, Md. Hist. Soc. 

^'"This interesting information was given to me by Miss Martha C. Bokel, 
one of the three Bokel sisters who own " Pleasant Plains," daughters of the late 
Joseph Anton Bokel and Helen Therera Gallagher, his wife, daughter of Patrick 
Gallagher, a native of Ireland. 

"1 Deed, Adam H. Nelker to Patrick Gallagher, 9 June, 1885, part of a tract 
of land which was conveyed to the late Benjamin W. Woods by Mary Linthicum, 
Ma^ 18, 1866. Mr. Gallagher was already in poMesuea ot adjacent pcep^y, 
whidi he had acquired by deed frcno RaduS N. Vaaf^ien, Nov. 8, 1873. (deeds 
in the possession of the Misses Bokel.) This property bounded on the York 
road a distance of 496 feet and on " The road to the CIhMi " (Notre Dame 
Lane) , 298 feet. 

"»Balto. Co. L. R., Towson, Md., Liber 10, f. 32. 



com leased an additional piece of land of Dr. Woods, bounded 
on the north by the Orphans' Home property and on the west 
by Charles Street Avenue.^^^ These two parcels of land, taken 
together, compose the estate known as " Montrose," which ccMi- 
tained about twenty-three acres. Use of the spring was included 
in the first purchase. 

On May 12, 1866, Dr. Woods ccaiveyed to Lewis Turner 
all that remained of the land sold to him by Mrs. Mary 

The Montrose mansion, built by James Malcom, is stand- 
ing today on the grounds of Notre Dame College, a short dis- 
tance to the northeast of " Evergreen," the John W. Garrett 
mansion. It is not less than a hundred years old. Mr. Malcom 
died there, May 10, 1864.^** He was a di*tinguished lawyer, 
the son of Peter and Janet (Bell) Malcom.^** 

"Montrose" was offered for sale in the Baltimore Amer- 
ican erf April 19, 1865. The property is described as situated 
three miles from Baltimore. The improvements on the prop- 
erty were said to include " a substantial, modern two story 
and a half Double Brick Dwelling embracing an elegant libr- 
ary, Drawing Room and Dining Room in the first floor." 

On May 31, 1866, Rachel C. Malcom and William Crigh- 
ton, administrators of James Malcom, late of Baltimore County, 
deceased, conveyed to Thomas F. Troxell, of the City of Bal- 
timore, the Montrose estate, for a consideration of |22,534.- 
50."' Mr. Troxall died at "Montrose," December 10, 1871."* 
His executors, Naomi E. Troxall and Wilson R. Troxall, sold 
the place to the School Sisters of Notre Dame for $25,584.50, 
subject to a yearly rent of |476.25 (i.e., to Dr. Benjamin W. 
Woods) ."» 

(To be Continued) 

Ibid., Towson, Md., Liber, 26, f. 429. 

Ibid., Towson, Md., Liber 48, f. 524. 
^^"Dielman Biographical Index, Md. Hist. Soc. 

Spencer's Genealogical and Memorial Encylopedia, II, p. 403. 

Balto. Co. L. R., Towson, Md., Liber 49, f. 102. 
1S8 Dielman Biographical Index, Md. Hist. Soc. 

Balto. Co. L. R., Liber 81, f. 378. 



By William S. Wilson 

General Israel D. Maulsby, who was born in Harford County 
in 1781, was remembered after his death in 1839 as an " eloquent 
and ingenious lawyer," and as "a large, fine looking, genial, and 
polished gentleman of the old school." ^ He had fought at the 
Battle of North Point, and served in the Maryland legislature for 
twenty-nine years. While a legislator, he wrote to his Senator, 
General Sam Smith, the letter of a veteran soldier, a Southern 
unionist, and a scholar of the old sdiool. Just as the painters of 
his day posed statesmen in classical stances. General Maulsby poses 
the problems confronting statesmen in terms of classical history, 
and foresees a Civil War. 

Belle Air 

12 Mar 1832. 

My Dear General: 

I have been favored by your kind attention with your two 
speeches on Mr. Clays resolution in relation to the Tariff (one a 
reply to Mr. Clay's rude and ungentlemanly attack upon you per- 
sonally) * and also with the speeches of Messrs. Grundy and Hill 
and of General Hayne on the same subject, and have read them 

^ Edward T. Schultz, History of Freemasonry in Maryland (Baltimore, 1885) , 
11, p. 753. 

''On Monday, January 9, 1832, Clay introduced a resolution "That the exist- 
ing duties upon articles imported from foreign countries, and not coming into 
competition with similar articles made or produced within the United States, 
ought to be forthwith abolished, except the duties upon wines and silks, and 
that they oug^t to be reduced," Record of Congressional Debates for January 
9, 18S2. 

* Clay accused Senator Smith of establishing an obstructionist committee on 
Roads and Canals, and of changing his opinion cm the tariff: " The honorable 
gentleman was in favor of protecting manufactures; but he had turned— I need 
not use tht word— he has abandon^ msmufactures. Thus 
' Old politicians chew on wisdom past 
And totter on in business to the last.' 
Smith replied, " Totter, sir I totter. Though some twenty years older than the 
gentleman, I can yet stand firm, and am yet able to correct his errors." Record 
of Congressional Debates, Monday, February 6, 1832. 




all with great attention. It seems to me your idea of the advan- 
tages to the County arising from the reduction or repeal of the 
duties on the raw materials of the important articles of iron, wool, 
hemp & others, and all duties on dye stuffs, and so to modify 
the tariff as to cheapen all articles necessary to the working man 
thereby lessening the expense or cost of manufacture and enabling 
a fair competition with foreign fabric without the bounty protec- 
tion, is most obvious. 

But if it was not so, are the liberties &: is the peace of this 
nation to be jeopardized to fasten and preserve a mere scheme of 
policy? Certainly not. It is very clear, a portion of this nation 
(and a most respectable & gallant portion of it too) will no longer 
submit to what they consider tyranny and oppression. They have 
petitioned, they have besought, they have reasoned, and they have 
at length protested agst. his unequal taxation. They have been 
answered by gibes and ridicule. Their statements of poverty and 
deterioration have been rebutted by men living thousands of miles 
from them, who profess to know their situation better than they 
do themselves, and an inexorable tone is replyed to their com- 
plaints. What then is to follow? It really seems to me, that there 
are men, who wish to see a Civil War. And I am sorry to believe 
the southern feeling will be thrown into combustion by the late 
decision of the Supreme Court. I have read the southern speeches 
with attention, and have seen many extracts from their papers, 
if Confess by its decision on the subject growing out of Mr. Clays 
resolution, clinch the nail of the tariff, force will be resorted to, 
and our gallant & excellent President, can by no influence short 
of force (and perhaps not even by force) restore peace to our dis- 
tracted country. 

What reason have we to hope it will not be so? Is not the 
nature of man the same now, it was Eighteen Hundred years ago? 
Greece was a confederacy of republics, & less potent and durable 
causes than interest and power on the one hand, and a conscious- 
ness of oppression & determination of resistance on the other have 
frequently lighted the torch of civil discord and made the blood 
of kindred nations flow in torrents. Rc«He with her colonies, and 
allies, was a confederated republic and yet when was the Temple 
of Janus closed, and why should we suppose ourselves exempt 
from the baleful consequences of wild ambition mingled and fer- 
mented with all the angry passions of our nature? The hope is 
delusion, nor is there anything peculiar in the frame of our gov- 
ernment to avert or controul such disastrous consequences. Our 
government rests upon the public will, and is more remarkable 
for the liberty it reserves to individual man, than for its energy. 
Where a majority will oppress, a minority must always be formid- 
able and will constantly grow in strength. 



Pardon this bold reasoning upon this most of all interesting 
topic. But our political firmament is so lowering and overcast, 
that I really feel deeply upon it. I have thoroughly examined my- 
self, the result is this. I once volunteered and met and fought the 
Brittish, under your command in the defence of Baltimore; / would 
not do so under any circumstances agst my fellow citizens of tht 
south; you will find thousands in the middle and northern states 
with the same sentiments & determination. 

We hold a meeting here on Friday next to appoint conferrees 
with Cecil &: Kent in order to select a delegate to the May Con- 
vention in Baltimore to nominate a Vice President. I shall try to 
have Mr. Scott appointed the delegate. We shall seise the occa- 
sion to express our confidence in General Jackson and shall not 
fail to render to yourself that tribute ^ iq^dbation and thanks 
your able and distinguished c@iiduct in congress have so justly 

I am, with distinguished respect, 
your friend & servt 
(I. D. Mausby) 

Genl. S. Smith 
U.S. Senate* 

' The original of this letter belongs to the Hon. William S. Wilson, Jr., of 
Phoenix, Maryland. The writer's frequent use of dashes has been edited to 
conform to modam style but spelling and abbreviations have been unaltered. 


Quakers in the Founding of Arnie Arundel Coui^, Maryland. By 
J. Reaney Kelly. Baltimore, The Maryiaad Historical Society, 
1963. ix, 146. $6.00. 

With characteristic thoroughness and attention to detail, Reaney 
Kelly has traced the progress of the QtialEer movement in Anne 
Arundel County and examined its influence in the early develop- 
ment of the County. It is well known that the original settlers of 
the County were Puritans who had suffered oppression in Virginia 
and were attracted to Maryland by the pxnaise cA religious freedom. 
What historians had previously failed to observe was that many of 
these Puritans, isolated and perfiaps discontented with the formal- 
ism of Puritan doctrine, were converted to Quakerism, which was 
emerging as a religious movement in England about the same time 
the Puritans were arriving in Maryland. 

Within a few years after George Fox had founded the Society of 
Friends, messengers were sent to the New World to publish the 
truth and gain " convincements," i. e., persuade others to accept the 
truth. The first messenger to arrive in Maryland wjk Elizabeth 
Harris, who came to Anne Arundel County (then called Provi- 
dence) about 1656. In the course of several visits, she and other 
messengers " convinced " many of the most prominent residents of 
the County, including members of the county and provincial 
governments. In summarizing this activity, Mr. Kelly concludes 
" that of Lord Baltimore's governing officials of the county between 
1650 and 1654 and the Puritan representatives who controlled most 
of the Province from 1654 to 1658, a total of eleven became Friends." 

What was even more remarkable, as Mr. Kelly points out, was 
that Elizabeth Harris and her fellow Quakers were allowed to 
pursue their religious beliefs and proselytize among the inhabitants 
of Maryland with little or no hindrance from the governing 
authorities, although the refusal of Quakers to swear to an oath 
caused some difficulty until special laws were passed to relieve them 
of this requirement. 

By way of contrast, Mary Fisher and Ann Austin, who are 
generally credited by historians as being the first Friends to arrive 
in America, were taken into custody immediately upon their 
arrival in the harbor of Boston. Their effects were searched, their 
books burned and, jifter five weeks in prison where they were held 




incommunicado, they were shipped back to England. Other Friends 
who followed them were treated even more harshly and at least one 
was hanged. 

The early records o£ the Quaker meetings have been remarkably 
well presa~ved and Mr. Kelly has used them freely in tracing the 
history of the several meetings organSzM im Aftne Arundel County. 
Although informal private and public meetings had been held in 
various places since 1656, the first General Meeting was called by 
John Burnyeat at West River in April 1672. George Fox was 
present and participated in organizing the first Yearly Meeting in 
Maryland. Later that year. Fox opened a Gm«:al Meeting at Tred 
Avon Creek, thus originating what is now known as the Third 
Haven Meeting at Easton. 

Strangely enough, the early impetus attained by the Quaker 
movement in Anne Arundel County did not last long and signs of 
decline began to manifest themselves early in the eighteenth century. 
In analyzing the factors contributing to the decline, Mr. Kelly 
mentions the establishment of the Church of England, the con- 
flicting views on slavery and the eiiHi^raticHi of Quakers, particularly 
the younger generations, from the County. Today, there is not a 
single meeting in Anne Arundel; the only vestige remaining being 
the Old Quaker Burying Ground. 

Genealogists interested in the early families of Anne Arundel 
County will find much useful mfcsnnation here. In fact, if there is 
any weakness in this work, it lies in the fact that occasionally the 
genealogical detail furnished in identifying an individual distracts 
the reader's attention and makes it difficult to follow the author's 
main thought. 

The volume ends with a series of sketches describing houses built 
during the colonial period by Quakers, as follows: " Cedar Park," 
" Larkins Hills," " Whites Hall," " Tulip Hill," " Holly Hill " and 
" Sudley." Photographs of these houses are included among the 

All in all, Mr. Kelly has made a very important contribution to 
our knowledge of the early history of Anne Arundel County. 
Moreover, the information he has presented is thoroughly docu- 
mented and may serve as a basis for further studies on the influence 
of the Quakers, not only in Anne Arundel, but in other counties as 
well. Finally, although his brief biographical sketch of the hitherto 
unknown Elizabeth Harris is admittedly incomplete, Mr. Kelly has 
presented us with sufficient data about her to indicate that this 
remarkable woman may well have rivalled, or even surpassed, 
Margaret Brent as a force and influence in Maryland history. 

Gust Skordas 



Here Lies Virginia: An Archaeologists View of Colonial Life and 
History. By Ivor NoSl Hume. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 
Inc., 196S. xxix, S17. $7.95. 

Archaeological investigations at numerous sites of early European 
settlement in the New World have in recent years provided abund- 
ant new evidence on Colonial life and times, supplementing that 
from other primary sources preserved in books and documents, old 
buildings and their furnishings fortunately surviving, and personal 
possessions long cherished. Yet these investigations are perhaps less 
widely known than are certain of their by-products, in restorations, 
reconstructions, and historical exhibits. 

In no other sphere of settlement by colonists along the Atlantic 
Coast, perhaps, have these new studies been more fruitful than 
within that vast realm once claioi^ kmc Elizaibeth I, particulaly 
within the state whose very name evdtes memories of the Virgin 
Queen. Place-names such as Roanoke, Jamestown, and Williams- 
burg have taken on a fresh and lively meaning in our time, in part 
because of noteworthy excavations and correlated researches at these 
and other sites. Beyond adding to previous knowledge, through the 
recovery of much informative and revealing evidence, long hidden 
and forgotten, efforts in this direction have in certain instances 
substantially altered and even corrected knowledge of the physical 
surroundings and conditions of life in the Colonies. 

Here Lies Virginia, by the chief archaeologist of Colonial 
Williamsburg, presents some of the most significant and striking of 
these recent investigations, centering attention on excavations con- 
ducted by the author and by his colleagues elsewhere and on the 
essential collateral studies. Reasons are advanced why such work 
has been done, and why it should be extended to other sites also, at 
which archaeology may also serve as a handmaiden to history. For 
each of the topics and particular sites treated in his account, Hume's 
volume affra-ds fresh and vivid reviews of the differing but related 
studies, through skilful selection and organization of his materials, 
a fluent and sensitive text, and the use of apt illustrations of superior 
quality, all brought within the covers of an attractive and well-made 

The volume is a pioneering effort to survey and to assess progress 
of knowledge in a field of history having lasting significance for 
Americans, since comparable surveys of purposes, methods, and the 
varied results of such efforts at Colonial sites have been lacking. 
Hume's work, thus answering an obvious need, provides matter not 
to be found elsewhere in print so conveniently, together with some 



that is probably little known except among those who have labored 
in this historical vineyard. Not a book of detailed anjdyws or of 
comprehensive syntheses, and not intended for use as a textbook, 
it is rather a timely tract, proportions ample enough to do justice 
to its topic, while designed to attract further talent to it and to 
arouse still wider interest than has yet been manifested. For those 
refldei^ who •wkh. more detailed information on individual sites and 
matters reviewed, a carefully selected set of references for further 
study is included— one of the first such finding lists for the newer 
literature of the subject. 

Hume has succeeded in his effort to appeal and to inform at 
once, by his use of striking and significant materials, textual as 
well as pictorial. The book reveals the broader and deeper under- 
standing to be had, in fortunate instances, of the physical realities 
of Colonial life and history from sustained and imaginative re- 
searches, both indoors and out. It is to be hoped that the volume 
will be widely known and vmA, clearly exposing, as it does, the 
abiding interest of its very human subject matter. 

G. Hubert Smith 

Smithsonian Institution 
Lincoln, Nebraska 

Puritan Protagonist: President Thomas Clap of Yale College. By 
Louis Leonard Tucker. Chapel Hill: University of North 
Carolina Press, 1962. (Published for the Institute of Early 
American History and Cult«-e at Williamsburg, Virginia.) 
XV, 283. $6. 

For good or ill, two precedents for American higher education were 
set at eighteenth century Yale College: the self-perpetuating single 
bcmrd of control and the stnmg pre«deiicy. Thomas Clap, a Harvard 
graduate, was responsible for both. After only five years as rector. 
Clap, by his new charter of 1745, changed his relatively weak office 
into the powerful one of president. For the next twenty-one years 
Yale was his institution. High-handed, petulant, and dogmatic, this 
thorough Calvinist with a " bullying personality " fought Arminians 
and Anglicans to keep Yale pure for Old Light then New Light 
Congregationalism. While he presided over the physical expansion 
of the College and in many ways proved himself a sagacious ad- 
ministrator. Clap was a Newtonian scientist especially interested in 
observational astronomy. The author hcMs that the "dualism" 



in Clap's mind of scientific " relativism " and theological absolutism 
led him to tolerate the views of scientists who differed with him in 
matters of religious faith. This fits nicely with the standard account 
in intdlectual history courses of eighteenth century scientisef Wlio 
interpreted their findings as " God's handiwork " or who thought 
of God as the " neutral spectator " of His Newtonian universe. The 
trouble is that there were varying degrees of Calvinism and various 
shadings of scientific relativism. Rarely were they kept in perfect 
balance. Attributing a harmonious dualism of science and religion 
to Clap's intellect tends to make his a bland Calvinism when in 
fact he was always " strenuous for Orthodoxy." And it saps the 
strength from the iatelkctual dxrmg sad tokmion and faith of 
a man like Ezra Stiles, the later Yale president who epitomizes the 
Enlightenment in American academic life and who was a far 
" gentler " Puritan than Thomas Clap. Nevertheless Dr. Tucker 
has done well by a man who left no treasure of personal manu- 
scripts for historians. His biography is ^^fMtthetk far tine r61e of 
Clap in his society yet critical of the man's personal faults. It 
clearly traces church and state affairs in Connecticut throughout the 
Great Awakening, and it contains one of the best accounts we have 
of undergraduate life in a colonial college. 

Wilson Smfth 

The Johns Hopkins University 

Mitre and Sceptre: Transt^lemiic Fidths, Id^, Pmrs@nmlities, and 
Politics, 1689-1775. By Carl Bridenbaugh. New York: Oxford 
University Press, 1962. xiv, 354. $7.50. 

Following the lead of his recent presidential address to the 
American Historical Association, the author has himself helped 
meet the great need for a better understanding of American 
religious history. Limiting his scope chronott^ically, he seizes upon 
a most revealing social and intellectual experience of early America. 
Arthur L. Cross's study of the Anglican drive for American bishops 
ettablMied the broad YmXcxac^ stgn^GMice o€ this episode. The 
present study isnes the movement to penetrate an era of intellectual 
tension which was deeply a part of the provocation to rebellion in 
1776. An original contribution is made possible also through 
extensive use of the records of the Dissenting Deputies in England, 
private papm df the pfietagofmtt, and the colonial press as a 
barometer of social feeling as well as ideas. 

The mitre was conveniently near the sceptre in England but not 



SO in America. There New England colonial charters freed Con- 
gregational and other Dissenters from both and for a long time even 
hept @ut High Church Anglicans. By 1700, however, the Society 
fe* tftie Propagation of the Gospel addressed itself to the ta^ of 
remedying this condition. It met with a violent rebuff, even though 
some Anglicans did eventually find a place of worship and win 
conformity tmm k i&w etiaxiemtt Miyw Englanders. 

Under the leadership of such able men as Ezra Stiles of Yale, 
intelligent collaboration developed with influential men of like 
mind in England. Dr. Benjamin Avery and others of the Dissenting 
Deputies there kept a protective shield against the ulterior thrusts 
of Churdlmen, which -wm always featred to be directed at ultimate 
establishment of episcopacy in America in the form found in the 
mother country. In the open press rather than in the precincts of 
government councils, the American D»»enters successfully defended 
their freedom. The famous William Livingstoa debates in the 
Independent Reflector became a landmark. The Rev. Patrick 
Alison, the learned Baltimorean, went in the service of the Presby- 
terian Synod to New England Dissenters in one of several overtures 
toward a defensive union in ihe face of an impending episcopacy. 
The American RevolutiOTi ultimately secured the provincial Dis- 
senter society of New England from High Church imposition. Else- 
where other Christian quasi-establishments were greatly modified 
and republican episcopacy emerged in the American Protestant 
Episcopal Church. 

Mitre and Sceptre must not be taken to imply a study of the 
Church of England in its American dimension. The focus is still 
on Dissenter Protestantism. This is perhaps why the treatment of 
Church partisans leaves something to be desired. Prima facie 
deviousness of men in controversy needs rather detailed examina- 
tion before stronger characterizations can be attached to an incident 
of portrayal. This is even more the case when complex adjustment 
of public policy with a growing regard for personal freedom is the 
topic of controversy. There was much liberal thought among 
American Churchmen. Many leaders on both sides, on the other 
hand, thought within s^me construct!^ of quasi-establishment. 
New England Dissenters were the last to give up such a practice. 

The excellent unity of the story probably would have been 
marred by a comprehensive related account of Maryland, Virginia 
and other southern colonies. An adequate picture of the Chiurch 
of England possibly could not even then have been gained. For 
this a view must be taken from the mitre at the head of the empire; 
from London outward, rather than from within New England or 



the Southern Colonies. Professor Bridenbaugh has opened the way 
to (he task and demonstrated the craft of social and intellectual 
history with which to accomplish it. 

Thch* AS O'Brien Hanley 

Marquette University 

By Sea and By River: The Naval History of the Civil War. By 
Bern Anderson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1962. xiv, 
303. $5.95. 

This study of a comparatively neglected field, by a Rear Admiral, 
U. S. N. (Ret.) , and onetime fellow editor with Samuel E. Morison 
of the History of United States Naval Operations in World War U, 
will probably attract any "buff" and will certainly instruct any 
specialist of the Civil War. This is because, presumably for the first 
time, an attempt is made to assess the strategic value to the Union 
of its naval arm both here and in Europe. The attempt is compre- 
hensive and detailed, and the result should stand as a useful com- 
plement to Richard S. West's Mr. Lincoln's Navy (1947) . Annota- 
tion is kept to a minimum, and bibliography is excluded altogether 
" inasmuch as this is an interpretation of the significance of the 
naval aspects of the Civil War rather than a documentary account 
. . ." (pp. vi-vii) . The index is adequate, though far from complete. 
The double-page map cluster is outstandingly inadequate. Ample, 
but doubtless not undue, correction is administered to the tradi- 
tional tendency to overstate the role of the ground forces in the 
great conflict. Although the author's Preface implies that he is 
offering an estimate of both sides, such is not the case. This is a 
study from the Federal point of view, with the Confederate Navy 
barely considered. Of the twenty illustrations only three are allotted 
to Southern subjects. 

Perhaps the following animadversion is irrelevant to Admiral 
Anderson's purpose— if so, apologies are in order. But it seems to 
this reviewer that the present work and similar types of military 
history lose, or deliberately ignore, a uniqtte and vital element in 
a book designed for a general audience when their authors assume 
what may be termed the " captain's cabin " or " headquarters tent " 
pmnt of view. From such a place the commanding officer looks at 
a map, makes his decision, and issues his order without once having 
to contemplate the raw edges of a shell hole or the damp bulges 
of a litter case. In a real-life situation this is as it should be. But 
in a printed reflection of real life the result is the banishment of the 



precious, green detail. Instead of a painting we have a diagram. 
What we then see is informative: it should be illuminating. 

How is it feasible to transmute such subtle and/or tremendous 
hmmtn teOKxmnttrs m Farragut at Mobile Bay, or Bullodh ia 
England, into a numbing succession of declara^ve seHten^? Read 
about them in this book, and find out. 

Curtis Carroll Davis 

Baltimore, Md. 

The Amazing Mrs. Bonaparte: A Novel Based on the Life of Betsy 
Patterson. By Harnett T. Kane. Garden City, New York: 
Doubleday & Company, 1963. 301. $4.50. 

This is pleasant young-adult reading, the story of the pretty 
Baltimore girl who married Napoleon's brother Jerome. Its book- 
jacket, which calls her " the woman who tried to be Empress of 
France," is hardly accurate. Betsy did have hopes, until Napoleon's 
second marriage produced the King of Rome, that her own son 
Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte might one day be his heir; the possi- 
bility of her husband's succeedin|; as emperor was pure fantasy. 
Betsy did not try to be Empress of France; ft was hard cmongh to 
be recognized merely as Mrs. Bonaparte. Napoleon, when he men- 
tioned her, called her " Miss Patterson." 

He ordered Jerome home in disgrace— without Betsy. Jerome 
went; Betsy went with him; but then the French consul took over. 
Jerome was sent to join Napoleon in Italy. Betsy found eventual 
refi^ in England, and there her baby was bom. 

In the course of a long life she never met Jerome again. She saw 
him once, at a distance (he was King of Westphalia then) accom- 
panied by his second wife. Meantime Betsy, badk and forth between 
Europe and America, consulting with the Bonapartes, quarreling 
with her father, had never given up her fight. If she never became 
a queen, she did become a legend in her own time, one of the more 
formidable American heroines. 

Mr. Kane writes, as always, interestingly and plausibly. He has 
done ample research, and his acknowledgment list reads like a 
telephone directory— nearly six pages. But he needed one person 
more, a Marylander who, reading The Amazing Mrs. Bonaparte in 
mnuscript, would have caught the slips, like the several "John 
Cait^U ci Carrollt<His," whidi let the Marylanders' teeth on edge. 



A more careful Doubleday editor, too, would have saved Mr. Kane 
from remarking that the Duke of Wellington was " like an English 

Ellen Hart Smith 

Owembora, Kentuehy 

The Darkest Day: 1814. The Washington-Baltimore Campaign. 
By Charles G. Muller. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 
1963. 232. $3.95. 

The Darkest Day in this case is the day the BritiA burned the 
capital city of Washington in the course of the War of 1812. Mr. 
Muller opens his narrative with an outline of the political situation 
leading up to the war, and f@llewg with the raids in Chesapeake Bay 
in 1813 which served as a preiude and a warning to the more 
dramatic amphibious operations the next summer. After describing 
the fiasco at Bladensburg and the occupation of Washington he 
turns to the successful defense of Baltimore against the invaders 
and the courageous behavior of the defenders whkJi compensated 
in no small measure for the unpard^able mismanagei»ent of om 
leaders in the capital. He concludes with a summary of the Treaty 
of Ghent which restored peace on the basis of the status quo, and 
thus emphasized the fact that there was really no need for the war. 

The atr^KW has added nod^tag new to ^ accepted veiwms of the 
campaign, though he is perhaps Biore ^aritable than other writers 
have been to the pitiable performance Of our army at Bladensburg. 
Like writers before him he has quoted generously from the colorful 
accounts of the British subaltern George Robert Gleig, John P. 
Kennedy who fougjit with the Maryland Fifth Regiment at Bladens- 
burg, and other contemporaries. Mr. MuUer's is a sound, conscien- 
tious work which omits none of the details and packs the whole 
story into the brief space of 232 pages. Five maps, so essential to 
wet anderstanding of accounts of battles, are included. The volume 
is one in the Great Battles of History seri^ edited by Haii»cm W. 
Baldwin, military correspondent of the New York Times. 

Francis F, Beirne 

Baltimore, Md. 



A History of the Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad. By George 
W. Hilton. Berkeky, Calif.: Howell-North Books, 1968. 179. 

The Ma & Pa could well have become a competitor to the mighty 
Pennsylvania Railroad in the Maryland and Pennsylvania area if 
the dreams and plans of its predecessor lines had come true. The 
Baltimore banking firm of Alexander Brown had much to do with 
the forming of the Ma & Pa by consolidating a number of small 
narrow gauge and standard gauge railroads to form the standard 
gauge Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad in 1901. 

From its Baltimore terminus at North Avenue and Howard Street 
to York, Pennsylvania, is a distance of 49 miles, as the crow flies, 
but the Ma & Pa covered 77 miles to reach its northern terminus at 
York. It took 4 hours and 10 minutes to cover this distance. This 
picturesque route included 111 bridges and 476 curves. As the 
auth(H- pointed out, it couM have been called " The Route of the 
Screaming Flanges " as 47% of the track was on a curve. 

In its early days, the passenger traffic was quite plentiful. It 
consisted erf travelling salesmen, relatives, shoppers and varied com- 
muter services. Sunday excursions to " Rocks " was quite popular. 
The milk business was quite profitable and the early morning train 
to Baltimore was informally called " The Milky Way." Passenger 
service in the last few years before abandonment in 1954 consisted 
of commuter service in reverse. The 7.10 A. M. train out of 
Baltimore carried day workers to iaxwas and homes in the suburban 
area, north of TowsMi, who returned to Baltimore on the late 
afternoon train. 

Steam motive power lasted until 1956 when Diesel power took 
over. The favorite and most pqpralar steam engine was #6, a light 
4-4-0 which was scrapped in 1952. The Maryland portion of the 
road was abandoned in 1958 but the remaining portion in Pennsyl- 
vania is still in service. 

Professor Hilton's book is well illustrated with 175 photos and 
will help keep alive the memory of this delightful little railroad 
for many years to come. 

George F. Nixon 

Baltimore, Md. 

Shipcarvers of North America. By M. V. Brewington. Barre, Mass., 
Barre Publishing Company, 1962. 175. $12. 

Since not all ships return, Mr. Brewington feels he cannot have 
written " a definitive historyj the materids are far too widely scat- 



tered to permit any one man discovering half of them. But it is 
hoped the main thread of the story has been accurately traced." 
It has indeed, and much more. This is an excellent book, well 
written and well researched, with a good index, bibliography, and 
list (by states) of American shipcarvers. The notes and references 
are brief but adequate, and the book as a whole beautifully pre- 
sented, illuminated by nearly 150 fine photographs and drawings. 

Mr. Brewington, formerly Curator of the Navy and presently 
Assistant Director and Curatw @i Mm^Mmm ifistery at tfte Pea^ody 
Museum of Salem, is an authority on the maritime history of 
Chesapeake Bay, and this interest is reflected in a large collection 
now in the Maryland Historical Society. His Maryland research 
discovers only one Annapolis shipcarver, Henry Crouch " from 
London," who "lived somewhat obscurely" in Annapolis for less 
than two years before he died, in 1 762; but " who was deem'd by 
good Judges to be as ingenious an Artist at his Business, as any in 
the King's Dominions." It is hi^ly poislble, of course, that some 
of the known Annapolis ship-eaifwnlers capable of carving. 
From Baltimore Mr. Brewington lists fifteen carvers, their working 
dates ranging from 1789 to 1868, one from Solomon's and three 
from Woolford. Of special interest in Maryland, also, is Mr. 
Brewington's appendix on the frigate Constitution, many relics of 
which remain in the state. 

Frigates, packets and clippers have had their day but, as Mr. 
Brewington says, " As long as romantics go down to the sea under 
sail there will always be a few figureheads afloat." If their carvers 
need an illustrated textbook they will find an admirable one here. 

Ellen Hart Smiih 

Owensboro, Kentucky 

The Secession Conventions of the South. By Ralph A. Wooster. 
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962. viii, 294. $6.50. 

Using materials hitherto generally neglected, the manuscript 
returns of the Eighth United States Census (1860) , Professor 
Wooster has gathered much basic information about participants 
in secession conventions, as well as those in the legislatures of states 
which considered secession, but did not hold conventions. Investi- 
gating the situation in each of the 15 slave states, the author 
estimates that he examined some 195,000 manuscripts pages of 
Schedule No. 1, Free Inhabitants, searching for information as to 
the individual's wealth, occupation, place of birth, slave holdings, 



etc., in order to make meaningful statistical comparisons between 
secessionists and cooperationists. This kind of painstaking and 
scholarly research will be welcomed by future students, and should 
save them from making unsupported generalizations. 

No longer will anycMie be able to postulate a " great j^aater " 
conspiracy, nor unqualifiedly maintain that elderly, consferVttiTe 
Whigs favored accommodation, while young, hot-blooded Democrats 
favored secession. It is now clear that these attitudes varied from 
section to section and from state to state. In comparing Mississippi 
and Alabama, for example, the author shows that only in the latter 
was wealth a factor in determining secession viewpoints. Tradi- 
tional county political patterns often provided a clue to secession 
feelings, yet Wooster points out that such was not the case in 
Lo^siana, nor was it true when Bredeenrn^ counties showed the 
weakest southern rights strength in Missouri's convention. A final 
chapter reaches some tentative over-all conclusions, noting for 
example that secessionist sentiment was particularly strong in 
counties containing 62^% or mtme slave populations, and the 
opposite was true in counties with less than 12^% slave populations. 

The work is the product of fundamental research, illustrated with 
state convention voting maps and containing 70 statistical charts, 
wkidi malie mduaUc ciKiparisons between those individuals favor- 
ing and those (^iposing secession. The author has utilized abundant 
primary and secondary materials; his thoroughness is perhaps best 
illustrated by the number of Masters' essays he has found to shed 
light on local activity. Useful annotations are in the footnotes as 
weH m in the luMt^jn^hkal note picetding a selected bibliograf^ty. 

Since this is not history in the grand manner, the author generally 
presents his evidence and allows the reader to reach his own con- 
clusions. The average reader will find it a dull and dreary hock, 
peopled with statistics rather than people, and containing none of 
the excitement, color, and high drama usually associated with this 
critical period. The specialist, on the other hand, will stand 
indebted to Professor Wooster's fortitude. 

Marvin W. Ksanz 

Georgetown University 



American Strategy in World W«r 11: A Reeonsidemti&n. By Kjent 
Roberts Greenfield. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkms Press, 
1963. X, 145. $4.50. 

The traditional view has been that while President Franklin D. 
Roosevelt made the United States' major political decisions affecting 
World War II, he left the strategic military decisions to his pro- 
fessional military advisers, that is, to the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Two 
(kcad« kter that traditi(Mi is challenged and, impressively enough, 
by the scholar who more truly than any other individual shaped the 
Army's official 60-odd-volume history, The U. S. Army in World 
War II. 

This is Dr. Kent Roberts Greenfield, for 16 years Chairman of the 
Johns Hopkins Department of History and, from 1942 on, a 
distinguished specialist in American military history. From that 
year to 1958, as the Army's Chief Historian he planned, organized, 
and administered the Army's great project for a fully documented 
record of World War II in all its multiple aspects of command and 
staff, of continuous planning and performance, of combat troops 
and technical services. To that work he gave unending thought and 
attention, selecting the historians and the editing staff; watching, 
encouraging, guiding, conducting the office seminars at which each 
historian's drafts were critically examined by colleagues and by 
outside critics, and setting the pace for this monumental library. 

It is with that impressive backgroimd that Dr. Greenfield (who 
must be one of very few who literally read and reread every word 
of the Army histories which poured from the press during those 
years) now undertakes a reexamination of fact and hitherto ac- 
cepted tradition. In one of four concise chapters (each chapter 
based on a recent lecture) he closely examines the major strategic 
problems, and concludes from the evidence that Mr. Roosevelt him- 
self initiated many of the decisions (military as well as political) 
and in several instances overrode the judgment of his military 
advisers— in two cases not wisely but often proving a better judge 
of requirements than the Joint Chiefs themselves. In the President's 
considered judgment (endorsing the British Chiefs' position) 
against a 1943 cross-Channel attack, time proved him right; likewise 
in his plan for an enormous output of effort for rapid plane con- 
struction; likewise in his insistence upon merchant-shipbuilding for 
Britain even when the Navy w^ groaning for warships. Dr. Green- 
field relentlessly quotes the experts' gloomy prophecies which were 
not fulfilled. "He liked to play by ear," Dr. Greenfield remarks, 
in explaining some of the Roosevelt policies; perhaps that is the 
explanation of Mr. Roosevelt's flexibility of policy, often infuriat- 



ing at the time but undeniably effective in coping with unpredic- 
tables as they arose. 

The other chapters deal with (1) what the author regards as 
the eight major strategic decisions and the reaswiing back of them; 
(2) the conflicts of British and American policies— the decision 
frequently supporting a realistic British position, and Mr. Roosevelt 
pftti&nally responsible for it; and (3) the problems created by the 
new epodi of air power. Altogether a thoughtful and useful book, 
with seme judgments quite ^IkfFtmt those which have been 
generally held. 

Mark S. Watson 

Baltimore, Md, 


Travels in North America in the Years 1780, 1781 and 1782. By the 
Marquk de Chastellux. a Revised Translation with Intro- 
duction and Notes by Howard C. Rice^ Jr. Chapel Hill; 
Published for the Institute of Early American History and 
Culture at Williamsburg by the University of North Carolina 
Press, 1963. 2 vols, xxiv, 688. $15. 

Black Utopia: Negro Communal Experiments in America. By 
William H. Pease and Jane H. Pease. Madison, Wis.: The 
State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1963. ix, 204. |4. 

Baptismal Records of Apples Church (Lutheran and Reformed) 
(near Thurmont, Maryland) , 1773-1848. Prepared for publica- 
tion by Elizabeth Kieffer, Hudson, Wisconsin; The Hudson 
Star-Observer Print, 1963. 90. $3.25. 

New Discovery From British Archives on The 1765 Tax Stamps for 
America. Edited by Adolph Koeppel. Boyertown, Penna.; 
American Revenue Association, 1962. 27. $5. 

Queen Anne's County Maryland Marriage Licenses, 1817-1858. Com- 
piled by Raymond B. Clark and Sara Seth Clark. Washing- 
ton, D. C, 1963. 58. 15. 

Confederate Handguns. By William A. Albaugh III, Hugh Benet, 
Jr., and Edward N. Simmons. Philadelphia; Riling and Lentz, 
1963. xix, 250. $20. 

My First 80 Years. By Clarence Poe, Chapel Hill; the University 
of North Carolina Press, 1963. xvi, 267. $4.75. 

Prelude To Yorktown: The Southern Campaign of Nathanael 
Greene, 1750-81. By M. F. Treacy. Chapel Hill; The Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Press, 1963. vi, 261. $6. 

The Jeffersonian Republicans in Power Party Operations, 1801- 
1809. By Noble E. Cunningham, Jr. Chapel Hill; The Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Press, 1963. Published for the 
Institute of Early American History and Culture at Williams- 
burg, ix, 318. $7.50. 

Charles Evans, American Bibliographer. By Edward G. Holley. 
Urbanna, 111.; University of Illinois Press, 1963. xii, 343. |7.50. 

The Whirligig of Politics: The Democracy of Cleveland and Bryan. 
By J. Rogers Hollingsworth. Chicago; The University of 
Chicago Press, 1963. xii, 263. $5. 




This Was Chesapeake Bay. By Robert H. Burgess. Cambridge, 

Md.; Cornell Maritime Press, Inc., 1963. xi, 210. |10. 
Old Maryland Families. By Henrietta E. Bromwell. Reprint. 

Baltftnore. Genealogical FaWtSting Company, Inc., 1962. 
Henry L. Stimson and Japat% 1931-33. By Armin Rappaport. 

Chicago; The University of Chicago Press, 1963. viii, 238. $6. 
The New Democracy in America. Travels of Francisco de Miranda 

in the United States, 1783-84. Translated by JifosoN P. Wood. 

Edited by John S. Ezell. Norman, Oklahoma; University of 

Oklahoma Press, 1963. xxxii, 217. $4.95. 
The Leaven of Democracy. Edited with an introduction by 

Clement Eaton. New York; George ftraziller. Inc., 1963, xvi, 

490. $8.50. 

The Nation Transformed. Edited with an introduction by Sigmund 
Diamond. New York; George Brazilla:, inc., 1963. xiv, 528. 

The Southern Frontier. By John Anthony Caruso. Indianapolis; 
Bobbs-Merrill Co., Inc., 1963. 448. |6.50. 

Victorian Antiques. By Thelma Shull. Rutland, Vt.; Charles E. 
Tuttle Company, 1963. 421. .? 12.75. 

The Everlasting South. By Francis Butler Simkins. Baton, Louisi- 
ana State University Press, 1963. xv, 103. $3.50. 


1964 House and Garden Pilgrimage— Tollowing is the schedule 
for the 27th Annual Tour: May 1, Friday— Green Spring Valley, 
Baltimore County; May 2, Saturday— Anne Arundel County (no 
buses) ; May 3, Sunday— St. Mary's County; May 4, Monday- 
Historic Landmarks of Baltimore City; May 5, Tuesday— Ruxton, 
Baltimore County; May 6, Wednesday— Homeland Walking Tour, 
Suburban Baltimore; May 7, Thursday— Carroll County; May 8, 
Friday— HarfOTd County; May 9, Saturday— Talbot County (no 
buses) ; May 10, Sunday— Queen Anne's County (no buses) . 

Water Cruises From Baltimore to Oxford, Eastern Shore of 
Maryland: May 16, Sat»day— Chesa^aifee Bay Cruise and Tour of 
Oxford; May 17, Sunday— Oiesapeake Bay Cruise and Tour of 

The Pilgrimage is sponsored by the Federated Garden Clubs of 
Maryland, the Society for the Preservation of Maryland Antiquities, 
the Maryland Historical Society, the National Skwiey of Colonial 
Dames of Maryland and the Baltimore Museum of Art. For further 
information, call or write Maryland House and Garden Pilgrimage, 
Room 223 Sheraton Belvedere Hotel, Baltimore 2, Maryland. 
Phone: VE 7-0228. 

Mrs. iKtmiiiaK. W. Wagner, Jr., Chairman 

New Bremen Excavation— The second season of excavation at the 
site of the New Bremen Glassmanufactory of John Frederick 
Amelung, south of Frederick, Md., has been completed. The 
excavation was organized by The Corning Museum of Glass with 
the cooperation of Colonial Williamsburg and the Smithsonian 

The Glassmanufactory was established by Amelung in 1784 with 
the help of a group of German glassmakers whom he brought from 
Bremen, Germany. Though active for only 10 years it produced 
the most refined and distinguished glass made in America until the 
I9th century and its output was particularly notable for the number 
of elaborately engraved presentation pieces. Until 1962 when the 
same team carried out the first professicmal excavation of the site 




little was known concerning the extent of Amelung's factory or the 
nature and size of his furnaces. The encouraging results of the first 
season which uncovered a fritting furnace of imposing size and of 
a type hitherto unrecorded in America prompted a continuation of 
the project. 

According to Paul N. Perrot, Director of the Corning Museum of 
Glkss and Administrative Director of the excavation, " the correct- 
ness of our estimates concernii^ the extent and importance of the 
remains has been inore than -vindfitjated. An extremely large struc- 
ture 112 feet by 65 feet was uncovered. A preliminary study of its 
plan indicated that it housed at least two glassmaking furnaces and 
several ancillary structures all cl&s^ related in what, for its age, 
foims an imposing industrial complex." 

In addition to the buildings and furnaces a large number of glass 
samples were uncovered, particularly rich in fragments of pattern 
molded and ribbed tumblers and flasks of types which have not 
hitherto been directly HnkM to Asacitiag's jM-oduction, as well as 
great quantities of remains from simple utilitarian pieces which are 
quite ordinary in quality. 

" With this second excavation we are concluding our work at the 
Amelung site," stated Mr. Perrot. " Our purpose was to uncover as 
much new information as possible on one of our most distinguished 
early industries, and permit a clearer evaluation of Amelung's place 
in the history of glass. This goal appears to have been reached and 
we expect in the not too distant future to publish a summary of 
Mr. Noel Hume's findings in the Journal of Glass Studies, a Corning 
Museum publication. The shed built last year over the first furnace 
will remain and we may add one or more protective structures this 
year over our new finds. Should it prove desirable to do further 
work at a later date we have the gracious permission of the owners 
to do so. In the meantime we hope that the site will not be molested 
by souvenir hunters and that all those interested in the preseirvation 
of the remains of 18th century industrial American will consider 
this small corner of Maryland a shrine from which sprang a fine 
tradition in glassmaking which exerted an important influence on 
the development of the industry particularly in Western Pennsyl- 
vania and the Pittsburgh area." 

The Council of the Alleghenies, Grantsville, Md.— This organiza- 
tion has recently been formed by present and former residents of 
the area to preserve the vast almost untapped resources of natural 
beauty, cultural treasures and rich heritage of the region. The 



Council intends to coordinate the efforts of many local organizations 
within the area in such a way as to cut across state and county lines 
in efEective unified action. 

Hagley Museum FeUovfwkips— The University of Delaware, in 
cooperation with the Eleutherian Mills-Hagley Foundation, will 
award two or more Fellowships in April of 1964 for the academic 
years 1964-1966. Each fellowship carries an annual stipend of 
12,000 and is renewable upon satisfactory completion of the first 
year. Applications should be received by March 5, 1964. For 
further details, address the Chairman, Department of History, Uni- 
versity of Delaware, Newark, Del. 

Knight— 1 want information regarding the parents of Ignatius 
Knight who married Eliza Twist or Turst in 1817. Their children, 
bom in Baltimore County, Md. were: Lloyd, b. 1818 at Patapsco 
Falls; Lawrence, who moved to " Alsiaode " Missouri in latier life; 
Lavinia (m. Wertz) lived in Altoona, Pa.; Lucinda (m. Saylor) ; 
and Anna Rebecca, b. 1838 and married first to Brau who lived 
three days, and then to D. K. Ramey who lived in Altoona. 

Mrs. Leo Manville 
46 Ogden Avenue, White Plains, N. Y. 10605 

Posey-Currie-Knott-Clarke— Which son of Walbert Posey (Charles 
or St. Mary's Co.?) and Margaret Currie married Elizabeth Knott, 
daughter of Francis Knott and Ellen Clarke about 1785. 

Norma C. Poli 
42 Valencia St., St Augustine, Fla. 

Cardinal Gibbons— Loyola College, Baltimore 10, announced a 
year ago the establishment of the Cardinal Gibbons Memorial as a 
perpetual monument to the memory of a great Maryland figure. 
Under the direction of John Q. Feller, the Memorial is collecting 
letters, photographs, books, and memorabilia of James Cardinal 



Gibbons. Any relevant material would be deeply appreciated and 
should be sent to Mr. Feller at the College, c/o The Cardinal 
Gibbons Memorial, Baltimore 10, Maryland. 

American Association for State and Local History— Awards of 
Distinction from the Association were conferred October 4th on 
Christopher C. Crittenden, Director of the North Carolina Depart- 
ment of Archives and History, and Ernst Posner, of American 
University, Washington, D. C. The special awards, first to be given 
by the Association, have been instituted to recognize distinguished 
service in the field of state and local history. Recipients will be 
presented with a medallion and citation. In announcing the 
Awards, the chairman indicated that the special commendations 
will not necessarily be conferred annually and will be limited to 
individuals who have rendered long and exceptional service to the 
state and local history movement. 

The Association has awarded its first $1,000 manuscript prize to 
Richard Beale Davis, Alumni Distinguished Service Professor of 
American Literature at the University of Tenliessee, for his book. 
Intellectual Life In Jefferson's Virginia, 1790-1830, which will be 
published next spring under Association sponsorship, by the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Press. The $1,000 prize is offered annually 
under the Association's research and publication program, with 
competition open to both professional and amateur historians. The 
award goes to the author of the unpublished, book-length manu- 
script that, in the opinion of the Association's research and publica- 
tion committee, makes the most disinguished contribution to United 
States or Canadian historiography. 

Errata— Lines 13-14 of the letter from Frederic Bernal to Lord 
Russell dated September 23, 1862, and published in the September, 
1963 Magazine (p. 251) , are in error. From the original document 
the sentence should read: " Mr. Kennely complied, and the tenour 
of his opinion was that the President should take advantage of the 
first Federal victory to issue a Proclamation to the South, assuring 
them that he had not the least intention of attacking their rights, 
and offering them every guarantee of the same."— Ed. 




The Cover Picture is a lithograph published by E. Sachse and 
Company of Baltimore and also possibly of St. Louis. The scene, 
after the fashion of Currier and Ives, depicts the bustling life along 
the Cumberland Road. The exact location or name of the inn are 
unknown, but evidently the building was a waggoners' inn of which 
there was one built about every three miles. Archer Butler Hulbert 
mentions a place called the Sign of the Green Tree (1808) in 
Washington, Pennsylvania. It was one of the famed resting places 
for pioneers moving westward and a green tree is prominent in this 

Not a great deal is known about Edward Sachse. He emigrated 
from Germany at the age of thirty-six, te 1840, and his name ftrst 
appears in the Baltimore Directory of 1851 at 3 North Liberty Street. 
By 1860, he was joined by his brother Theodore, and by the time 
of the publication of the " Inn of the Roadside," the company was 
WOTking at 5 North Liberty Street. Sachse probably printed 
hundreds of such works. He is best known for the " Birds Eye View 
of Baltimore, 1869 " and other lithographs: the " Camp of Duryea's 
Zouaves, of New York, on Federal Hill," (1861) , " Fort Federal 
Hill" (1862) and "The United States Army General Hospital, 
Patterson Park, Baltimore " (1836) . Sachse died in 1873.* 

R. w. 

^ Hulhert, The Old National Road: A Chapter in American Expansion 
(Columbus, 1901) p. 106. Thomas B. Seawrifcht, The Old Pike . . ., (Union- 
town Pa., 1894). 

■ George R. Brooks to Harold R. Manakee, June 27, 196S; Jobn D. Kilboume 
to George R. Brooks, July 30, 196S, Correspondence Me, Md. Hist. Soc. The St. 

Louis lithograph is " St. Louis from Lucas Place " c. 1859. Two others are 
deposited in the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis 12, Mo. Md. Hist. Mag., 
XLIV, opp. 106. Library of Congress, An Album of American Battle Art (Wash- 
ington, 1947) , p. 248. James H. Bready, " Edward Sachse's Amazing 1869 Map 
of Baltimore," The Sun, April 3, 1960. Copies of the "Birds Eye View" are in 
the Peale Museum and the Md. Hist. Soc. Other Sachse prints are in the 
Cator Collection, Enoch Pratt Free Library, Baltimore. 




Lloyd M. Abernethy is Assistant Professor of History at Beaver 

College, Glenside, Pennsylvania. 

Rev. Thomas O'Brien Hanley, S. J. is Assistant Professor of 
History at Marquette University. A student of early Maryland 
history, he is the author of several articles and reviews in the field 
and the book. Their Rights and Liberties (1959) . 

Spencer Wilson and Robert G. Schonfeld are studying for 
advanced degrees at the University of Maryland. The present 
article grew out of the seminar of Dr. Aubrey C. Land, Professor of 
History and chairman of the department at Maryland. 

William S. Wilson, III is a member of the Department of 
English, Queens College, Flushing, N. Y. 

New PuhUcalion 

of the 


The book throws light on 
agriculture, commerce, politics, 
Revolutionary sentiment, Tory 
and nonjuror attitudes among 
influential families, develop- 
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customs and modes of living. 


James B«r<Uey, Jr>, III.D. 

350 pp. $10 plus 20^ postage. 
Md. sales tax additional. 

New Publication 


The author argues convin- 
cingly that the founding and 
development of Anne Arundel 
County were, in fact, the story 
of the planting of Quakerism 
in the New World. 



About 150 pp., illuitrated. 

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tax and postage paid. 



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Names of authors and titles of pages and original documents jjrinted in the 
Magazine are set in capitals. Titles of books reviewed or cited are set in italics. 

Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Col- 
lection 272 
Abell, A. S., 348 

Edwin F., 99, 100, 107 
Walter, 105, 107, 117, 241 
Abernathy, Lloyd M., 402 
Abernathy, Lloyd M., The Washing- 
ton Race War of July, 1919, 309-324 
Abeshouse, Mrs. B. S., 285 
Gli Abitatori de cielo e dell' Inferno, 
by Frederick Calvert, LotA Balti- 
more, 276 
Abrams, Dr. Michael, 267, 271 
Abstracts from the Land Records of 
Dorchester County, Md., compiled by 
James A. McAllister, Jr., 288 
Academy of Arts, Easton, 272 
Account Books, 333-343 
Adams, Charles Francis, 16 
Charles Francis, Jr., 8 
Henry, 8, 15, 16, 252 
James T., 335 
John, 202 
Sam, 127 
family, 257 
Addams, Jane, 179 

"Addition to Bryan's Meadows," Balti- 
more, 230 

" Addition to Bryan's Meadows En- 
larged," Baltimore City, 372, 373 

"Addition to Bryan's Meadows Resur- 
veyed." Baltimore City, 368, 374 

" Addition to Mount Pleasant," Balti- 
more, 231 

" Addition to Vauxhall," Baltimore, 

217, 231 

"Adjunction," Baltimore, 219, 231 

Adler, Betty, 285 

Adler, Betty, H L M The Mencken 
Bibliography, 81 

Advanced Seminar in History of the 
Johns Hopkins University, 192, 295 

Agle, Nan Hayden, and Bacon, Frances 
Atchinson, The Lords Baltimore, re- 
viewed, 79; listed, 81 

Aikens Landing, 166 

" Alamode " Missouri, 399 

Albaugh, William A., Ill, and others, 
Confederate Handguns, 395 

Albert estate, 215, 219, 371, 375 
.Albert Lake, Baltimore City, 362 
Alder, Michael, 361, 363 

family, %1M 
Addemia^ Cibraxy, 

Alchridi, Sen. [Nelson W.], of Rhode 
Island, 236 

Alexander, Robert L., " Architecture 
and Aristocracy: The Patrician Style 
of Latrobe and Godefroy," 298 

Alexandria, Va., 167 

Alexandria Forum, 303 

Alien and Sedition Acts, 194 

Alison, Rev. Patrick, 386 

Alton, 111., 96 

Altoona, Pa., 399 

Amann, William, 148 

Amateur Garden Club, 307 

The Amazing Mrs. Bonaparte: A Novel 
Based on the Life of Betsy Patterson, 
by Harnett Kane, 189; reviewed, 388- 

Amclung, John Frederick, 397 
America's First Hamlet, by Grace Over- 

myer, 54, 86 
America's Polish Heritage: A Social 

History of the Poles in America, by 

Joseph Wyrtwal, reviewed, 73-75 
American Association for State and 

Local History, 400 
American Bibliography, by [Charles] 

Evans, 281 
American Bibliography, by Shaw and 

Shoemaker, 281 
TIte American College ayid University: 

A History, by Frederick Rudolph, 

reviewed, 70-72 
American Epochs Series, 179 
American Federation of Labor, 183 
American Freedmen's Aid Commission, 


American Historical Associatitm, 385 
American League Baseball Park, Wash- 
ington, D. C, 317 

American Panorama Pattern of the 
Past and Womanhood In Its Unfold- 
ing, bv Walter Hart Blumenthal, 

American Philosophical Society, 263 




American Song Sheels Slip Ballads and 
Poetical Broadsides 1850-1870: A 
Catalogue of the Collection of The 
Library Company of Philadelphia, 
by Edwin Wolf 2nd, 188; reviewed, 

American Strategy in World War II: 
A Reconsideration, by Kent lt«sbe*ts 
Greenfield, reviewed, 393-394 

American Tobacco Co., Ill, 112 

American University, 400 

Americans of Jewish Descent, by Mal- 
colm Stern, 281 

Ainon, Mrs. Henry J., 304 

Ancient and Honorable Mechanical 
Company of Baltmorc, 290 

Ancient and Honorable Tuesday GUib 
of Annapolis, 62-66 

Anderson, Bern, By Sea and By River, 
81; reviewed, 387-388 
Eugene, 262 
Frances, 49 
James, 69 

Meliora, Mrs. William, 69 
Rebecca (Lloyd) , 68 
Sally, 69 
William, 69 
Andersonville, 263 
Andover, Mass., 223 
Andover Academy, 305 
Andrews, Col. C. M., 152 
Annapolis, Anne Arundel Countv, 3, 
21, 25, 42, 43, 62-66, 113 If., 120,' 122, 
177, 196, 210, 233, 234, 236, 237, 
239 It., 246, 282, 302, 329 
Annapolis Junction, 140 
Anne Arundel Couniy, 30, U'0-122, 186, 

Anne Arundel County Historical So- 
ciety, 290, 302 

Antietam, Battle of, 97, 250 

Anti-Imperial League of Boston, 117 

Anti-Saloon League, 183 

Apostolick Charity, by Thomas Bray, 

Apple's Church, 395 
Appleby, Samuel C, 354 
Applegarth, Senator, [William F.], 234, 

Appomattox Courthouse, Va., 29, 146, 
159, 168 


McHknry, 1958, by G. Hubert Smith, 

Archaeological Society of Maryland, 

" Architecture and Aristocracy: The 

Patrician Style of Latrobe and Gode- 
froy," by Robert L. Alexander, 298 

Archives of Maryland. 293 fE. 

" Arden," Anne Arundel County, 53 

Armstro^ C»pt., 143 

Army of Northern Virginia, 151 

Army of the Tennessee, 80 

.-\rthur, Chester S., 72 

Arthur Pue Gorman, by John R. Lam- 
ben, Jr., 192 

.Arundel, Lady Anne, 79 

.\rundel Corporation, 304 

Asbury, Francis, 329 fE. 

.-\shby Cavalry, 161 

Ashland, Va., 153 

Ash kind (tug) , 304 

Arfiton, Lord, 357 

" AthoU," Anne A-rundel County, 52 
Atlanta Intelligencer (newspaper) , 6 
Atlantic Transport Company, 304 
Atlas of Baltimore and Its Environs, 

by G. M. Hopkins, 367 
"Attica," Baltimore City, 216, 218, 

219, 231, 354, 360-365 
August, Kent, England, 170 
,\ugusta County, Va., 145 
Austin, Anne, 381 

" The Australian Scene," by Sir Robert 

George, 2Se 
The AtJTOBieGiiApmcAL Writings of 

Senator Arthur Pue Gorman, by 

John R. Lambert, Jr., 93-122, 233- 

Avalon, 276 

Averell, William Woods, 162 
Avery, Dr. Benjamin, 386 

Babcock, Rep. [Joseph W.], of Wis- 
consin, 110, 113 
15ack River, 227, 229 
Bacon (Negro) , 36 

Bacon, Sen. [Augustus O.], of Georgia, 

106, 108, 235, 236 
Bacon, Frances Atchinscm, Agle, Nan 

Hayden, and Tlie Lords Baltimore, 

reviewed, 79; listed 81 
Baer, Elizabeth, 281 
Baetjer, Howard, II, 300 
Bagby, Ann, 285 
Baider, Harry, 168 
Bailey, Sen. [Joseph W.], of Texas, 104, 

105, 107, 108, 115, 240, 245 
Baird, Mr., 140, 141 
Mrs., 141 
Lilly, 140, 141 
Baker, Elizabeth Zantzinger (Cockey) , 

Mrs. William S. G., 364 
J. Paul, 218, 360, 362 ff., 376 



Col. John A., 152, 153 
Newton D., 317 
Purley A., 183 

William S. G., 216, 360, 362, 364 
Baldwin, Hanson W., 389 
Summerfield, Jr., 292 
Ball's Alley, Washington, D. C, 319 
" Balloon Ascension, Baltimore, 1834," 

by Nicolino Calyo, 271 
Balls Bluff, Battle of, 94 
Baltimore, 4, 5, 11, 25, 118, 119, 137, 

144 ff., 156, 157, 159, 165, 166, 168, 

169, 175 ff., 197, 199, 202, 228, 389, 


Baltimore American (newspaper) , 9, 

112, 167, 274, 288, 377 
Baltimore American and Commercial 

Daily Advertiser (newspaper) , 229, 


Baltimore and Fredericktown Turnpike 
Company, 280 

Baltimore and Jerusalem Turnpike 
Company, 280 

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 95, 99, 
106, 107, 109 ff., 113 ff., 118, 147, 160, 
168, 246. 277, 281, 2§4, 290 

" The Baltimore and Ohio in the Civil 
War," by Lawrence W. Sagle, 299 

Baltimore Association for the Moral 
and Educational Improvement of the 
Colored People, 190 

BALTIMORE City Place Names: Stonv 
Run, Its Plantations, Farms, Coun- 
try Seats, and Mills, by William B. 
Marye, 211-232, 344-377 

Baltimore Company, 220 

Baltimore County, 101, 255 

Baltimore County Historical Society, 
290, 299 

Baltimore Electric Light Co., 112 
Baltimore Evening Sun (newspaper) , 


Baltimore General Dispensary, 263 
Baltimore Herald (newspaper) , 97 
Baltimore Junior College, 302 
Baltimore Light Artillery, 150, 153, 155, 

157, 159, 161, 281 
Baltimore Mobs and John Howard 

Payne, by Grace Overmyer, 54-61 
Baltimore Museum of Art, 397 
Baltimore News-Post (newspaper) , 300 
Baltimore Price Current and Weekly 

Journal of Commerce (newspaper) , 


Baltimore Steam Packet Company, 304 
Baltimore Sun (newspaper) , 86, 98, 

99, 100, 104, 105, 107, 116, 117, 122, 

233, 236, 239, 240, 245 
Baltimore Museum of Art, 83 
Baltimore Typographical Society, 203 
Baltimore Urban Ratewai sw^^Hpus- 

ing Agency, 302 
Baltimore Whig (newspaper) , 296, 203, 


Mtritkmmt'S:. Music: The Haven of tite 
^mrimn Composer, by Luhav 
Keefer, 81, 288; reviewed, 176-178 

Bancroft, Frederic, 14 

Banjo Pond, Homeland, 370 

Bankhead, Sen. Qohn H.], of Alabama, 

Baptismal Records of Apples Church 
(Lutheran and Reformed) near 
Thurmont, Maryland, pre- 
pared by Elizabeth Kieffer, 395 

Barcas (Negro) , 36 

Barclay, R., 305 

Bard, Harry, 302 

Barker, Charles A., 293 it. 

" Barron Neck," Anne Arundel County, 

Barry, James, 345, .346 

Bartholomew, [John], Survey Atlas of 

England and Wales, 344 
Bartholomew, [John], Survey Gazeteer 

of the British Isles, 344, 357, 365, 366 
Bartlett, C. L., 117 

J. Kemp, Jr., 272 
Barnes, Augusta, 49 
Barziin, Jacques, 70 
Battee, Millesson, 34 
Battis, Emory, Saints and Sectaries, 81 
Batts, Rosamond Mettam, 170 
Baughman, [L. Victorl, 114, 119, 120 
Baumgartner, David, 84 
Baxley, C. Herbert, editor, A History 

of the Baltimore General Dispensary, 


Bay V. Scott, 222 
Baycsville, Va., 143 

Baynard, Anne (Wright) , Mrs. George, 
Sr., 85 

George, Sr., 85 

George, [Jr.], 83 

Col. George, 85 

Mary, 85 

Rachel, 85 
Real, [Beale, Rohert], 94 
Beardsley, [Aubrey], 253 
[Beasman], Baseman, Sen. [Johnzie E.], 

Beaver College, Glenside, Pa., 402 
Beaver Dam Station, Va., 152 
Becker, Carl, 70 



Bedford, Va., 160 

Bedford Place, Baltimore, 216 

Beebe, »*ts. William, S«) 

" Before Roland Park," by B. t»trobe 

Weston, 355 
Beirne, Francis F., 389 

Rosamond R., 261, 270, 303 
Beitzell, Edwin W., The Jesuit Missions 

of St. Mary's County, Maryland, 276 
Bel Air, Harford County, 121, 378 
Bell, Mr., 114 
[John], 2 
Bellevue, S44 

BenoHa Avmme, INtltiittoTe, 228 
Belmont, 344 

Bebnont, Looiaoun Co., Va., 48, 50, 51 
Belt, Elizabeth, 34 

John, 34 
Beltsville, 157 

Belvedere Avenue, Baltimore, 214, 222, 
226 ff., 230, 368 

Ben (Negro) , 36 

Benedict, L. C, 27 
Capt. LeGrand, 25 

Benedict, Charles County, 25, 27 

Benet, Hugh, Jr., Confederate Hand- 
guns, 395 

Benjamin Franklin Wade: Radical Re- 
publican from Ohio, by H. L. Tre- 
fousse, 188; reviewed, 258-259 

Benjamin, Judah P., 166 
Mary A., 274 

Bennett, Justin, 339 
Richard, 32 

Benoist, Roseina, 50 

Benson, Stephen, 230 

Berkeley, Dorothy Smith, and Berkeley, 
Edmund, John Clayton, Pioneers of 
American Botany, 263 

Berkeley, Edmund, and Berkeley, Dor- 
othy Smith, John Clayton, Pioneer 
of American Botany, 263 

Berker, Mrs. Lewellys F., 271 

Bermuda Hundred, Va., 9,') 

Bernal, Frederic, 250-251, 400 

Berret, Col. James G., 103 

Berry, Sen. [James H.], of Arkansas, 
105, 106 

Berryraan, John, 361 

" Bess," mare, 139 

Bet (Negro) , 45 

Bevan, Mrs. William F., 279, 284, 285 
Biays, Col. Joseph, 173 

family, 173 
Biddle Street, Baltimore, 228 
Bierau, Marie Evelyn, 84 
" Billingsley," Calvert County, 67 
Billingsley, Susannah (Ewen) , 33 

" Birds Eye View of Baltimore, 1869," 
by E. Saclise, 401 

Birkhead, Elizabeth, 49 

Birney, James G., 21 

Col. William, 21,22, 2S IE. 

Bisbee, Arizona, 309 

Bishop, Wallace P., 7fl 

Bixby, W. K., 65 

Black, Harrv C, 292 
Robert 'w., 87 

"Black Horse Cavalry," C.S. A., 145 

Black Utopia: Negro Communal Ex- 
periments in America, by William 
H. Pease and Jane H. Pease, S95 

BlM:klw», ■^Jaseph €. Sj], of Kentucky, 
104 ff., 108, 115, 2S6, 2^7 

Bladensburg, Prince George's County, 

Blaine, James G., 1, 8, 12, 14, 15, 19, 


Blair, Austin W., 23 
Montgomery, 3 
Blair's House, Silver Spring, 158 
Hla.ssingame, John W., 86, 259 
Blassincame, John W., The Recruit- 
ment Bf Negro Troops in Maryland, 

" IHiKNRiM," Bakteere Cminty, 363 
mtfitienthal, Walter Hart, American 

Panorama Pattern of the Past and 

Womanhood In Its Unfolding, 188 
Blvthewood, Baltimore City, 211, 216, 

219, 231, 3r>0, 354, 358, 360, 365-367 
Blythewood Pond, Cover, Sept. 
BIythewood Road, Baltimore, 366 
B.>ard of Public Works, 106 
Bocassy (Negro) , 36 
Bodine, A. Aubrey, 299, 302 
Bohemia Manor, Cecil Cownty, 220, 


Bohner, Charles H., John Pendleton 
Kennidy: Gentleman From Balti- 
more, reviewed, 175-176, 180 
Bokel, Misses, 376 

Helen Theresa (Gallagher) , Mrs. 

Joseph A., 376 
Joseph Anton, 376 
Martha, 354, 362, 375, 376 
Bonaparte, Elizabeth (Patterson) , Mrs. 
Jerome, 189, 283, 388-389 
Jerome, 388 

Jerome Napoleon, 286, 388 
Princess Mathilde, 286 
Napoleon, 388 
Bond, Carroll T., Proceedings of the 
Maryland Court of Appeals, 296 
Hugh L., 21. 24, 27, 110, 113, 114, 

Hugh L., Jr., 113 



Books Received, 81, 189, 263, 395 
Boone, Billy, 162, 167 
Boonsboro, 155 
Booth, George W., 155 
John Wilkes, 167, 1«8 
Joseph, 84 
Mary, 84 
Bordley, Beale, 64, 66 

Dr. James, 67 
Bordley, James, Jr., The Hollyday and 
Related Families of the Eastern 
Shore of Maryland, 293; reviewed, 

Margarette (Carroll) , Mrs. James, 
Jr., 70 

Thomas, 272 

family, 83-84 
Boston, Mass., 54, 183, 197, 253, 381 
Boston Associated Charities, 183 
Boston Athenaeum, 299 
Boston Museum of Fine Arts, 305 
Boteler, Alexander P., 159 
Boucher, James, 125 

Jonathan, 123-136 
Bouldin, Mr., 141 

Mrs., 141 

James, 222, 350 
Boumi Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., 360 
Bourdillon, Jane, 368 
Bourne, Mrs. Kenneth A., 285 

Randolph, 252, 253 
Boutwell, [G. S.], 117 
Bouvier, Mrs. Maurice, 292 
Bowdin, Cotncy, 49 
Bowen, Benjamin, 228, 229 

Benjamin Cox, 228 

William, 350, 351 
Bowie, Kitty, 49 
Bowley, Ann, 49 

Daniel, 350 
Bowling Green, Va., 144 
Bowling, Kenneth R., 278 ff., 284 
Bowman, Col. S. M., 25, 26, 28 
Boyd, Julian P., editor, The Susque- 
hannah Papers, 288 

Mary, 49 
Boyle, Capt. Thomas, 173-174 
Bracebridge Hall, by Washington Irv- 
ing, 180 
BrackbiU, Hervey, 347, 348 
Braddock, Gen. Edward, 185 
Bradford, Gov. Augustus, 22 ff., 213 

S. Sydney, 247 

William, 64 
Bradly, A. M., 117 
Brady, Mr., Ill, 112 

John, 218 

S. Stansbury, 218 

Braeman, John, editor. The Road to 
Independence, 189; reviewed, 259-260 
Brandywine, Battle of, 46 
Brant, [Irving], 77 
Brau, Mr., 399 
Brawner, Tom, 167 
Bray, Thomas, Apostolick Charity, 276 
Brayn, Mrs,, 376 

Charles, 375, 376 

James, 372 

family, 372 
Bready, James H., 401 
Breckinridge, J<^ €., 392 
W^em, Gmmmmf, 397 
Btemtt, Hhagum, iB2 
Breslow, Marvia, 2S6 
Breton Bay, 142 

Brewington, Sen. [Marion V.], 116 
Brewington, Marion V., Chesapeake 

Bay Bugeyes, 184 
Brewington, Marion V., Chesapeake 

Bay Log Canoes, 184 
Brewington, Marion V., Chesapeake 

Bay Log Canoes and Bugeyes, 81; 

reviewed, 184 
Brewington, M. V., Shipearvars of 

Ntrrth America, reviewed, 81; 890- 


" Brian's Chance," Baltimore City, 217 

" Brian's Meadows," Baltimore City, 
Brice, John, 197 

Sen. Ransom, 238 
Bridenbaugh, Carl, 65 
Bridenbaugh, Carl, Mitre and Sceptre, 

reviewed, 385-387 
Brides from Bridewell: Female Felons 
Sent to Colonial America, by Walter 
Hart Blumenthal, reviewed, 257-258 
" Bridgewater," Va., 149 
Bridgman, Eveleth, 53 

Marjorie (Murray) , Mrs. Eveleth, 

Brien, Mrs., 375 

family, 370 
Bristow, Mr., 50 
Britain Ridge, 227, 228 
Britain Ridge Rolling House, 230 
Britain Ridge Rolling Road, 227 ff. 
Brittaas Bey, 142, 214 
Broad Street, Philaddphia, 110 
Broad Street, Richmond, Va., 144, 146 
Broadbent, Jane Cecilia (Bryan) , Mrs. 
William, 374 

Rev. Stephen, 374 

Stephen, Jr., 366 
Broadneck Hundred, Anne Arundel 
County, 33 



Broadway, Baltimore, 228 

Brogden, William, 218 

Bromwell, A. M., 49 

Bromwell, Henrietta E., Old Maryland 

Families, 396 
Brook Church, Va., 152 
" Brookfield," Prince G^tsTg^ ■€oBHty, 


Brooklyn, Anne Arundel County, 139 

Brooklyn, N. Y., 11 

Brooklyn Eagle (newspaper), 112 

Brooks, George R., 401 
Noah, 1, 12, 15, 17 

Brooks, Van Wyck, Fenollosa and His 
Circle^ with other Essays in Bibliog- 
raphy, reviewed, 252-254 

Brooks & Barton, Messrs., 358 

Brothersvalley Church of the Brethren, 

Brown, Capt., 96 

Dr., 244, 245 

Agnes, 83 

Alexander, 390 
Brown, Alexander C, Steam Packets 
on tlie Chesapeake, 288 

Bartlett, 83 

Barzalai, 83 

Benajah, 83 

Benjamin, Sr., 83 

Benjamin, Jr., 83 

Bernard, 83 

Bernis, 83 

Berzaleil, 83 

Briglitberry, 83 

Dabney, 83 

Dorothy M., 183, 265 
Brown, Dorothy M., Embargo Politics 
in Maryland, 193-210 

Elizabeth, 83 

Frank, 101, 117 

G. L., 96 

[George T.], 94, 95 

Howard, 245 

John, 7 

Lucinda, 83 

Lucretia, 83 

P. S., 355 

R. G., Ill, 83 

Lt. Col. Ridgcly, 147, 150 ff. 

Sarah Thompson (or Dabney) , 
Mrs. Benjamin, Sr., 83 

Stewart, 353 

Tom, 169 

William, 83 
Brown's Cove, Albemarle Co., Va., 83 
Brown's Hill, Baltimore, 168 
Browne, P. J., 225, 226, 352. 361 

Sir William, 69 

William H., 327 
Brownlow, Louis, 317 
Brozena, William, 102 
Bruchey, Stuart, 77 
Brumbaugh, Thomas B., 265 
Brune, Frederick, 353 
Brune & Stewart, Messrs., 353 
Bryan, Mr., 369 

Benjamin, 371 

Charles, 371, 373, 374 

Charles Henry, 375 

Cicelia, Mrs. Thurlo, 371 

Harriet (Hopkins) , Mrs. Charles, 
374, 375 

Mary, 371 

Nicholas, 374 

Thurlo, 371, 372 

William Jennings, 103, 118, 120, 
280, 395 

Atty. Gen. [William S., Jr.], 115 ff. 
family, 370-576 
" Bryan's Chance," Baltimore, 215, 217 
231, 372 

" Bryan's Meadows," Baltimore City, 
230, 231, 368, 372 

" Bryan's Meadows Enlarged," Balti- 
more, 231 

Bryant, James, 372 
family, 370 

" Bryant's Chance," Baltimore County, 
371, 372 

Bryn Mawr School, 211, 214, 216, 222- 

Buchanan, Mr., 118 

Adm. Franklin, 272, 305 
Hesphsobah (Brown) Ferine, Mrs. 
William, 368, 369 

Pres. James, 4, 6, 72-73 
William, 368, 369, 373 
Buchholz, Heinrich E., 22 
Buck's Tavern, Baltimore, 206 
Buffington, Mr., 168, 169 
Builders of American Institutions: 

Readings Jn United States History, 

edited by Frank Freidel and Norman 

Pollack, 263 
Bull, Ole, 177 
Bull Run, Battle of, 145 
Bullitt, Caroline, 49 
Bullock, Mrs. Helen Duprey, " The 

Early American Art of Cookery," 


Bullock, Orrin M., " Urban Renewal: 
A Tool for Historic Preservation," 

Buneau Varilla, [Philippe], 235 



Bureau of Colored Troops, 20, 21, 24, 


Bureau o£ Printing and Engraving, 315 

Burgess, Robert H., 271 

Burgess, Robert H., This Was Chesa- 
peake Bay, 396 
Col. William, S» 

Burke, Edmund, 132 

Burleigh, Mrs. Annette Mettam, 138, 

Louis J., 170 
Burnside, Gen. Ambrose, 146 
Burnyeat, John, 382 
Burt, Mr., 102 
Butler, Alexander R., 78 

Gen. Benjamin F., 95 

James, 230, 368 

Sen. [Matthew C.) , of South Caro- 
lina, 115 
" family, 287 

By Sea and by River: The Naval His- 
tory of the Civil War, by Bern An- 
derson, 81; reviewed, 387-388 

Byers, Dr. Douglas S., 223 

Bynara's Run, 214 

Byron, Lord, 16 

Byron, Gilbert, Early Explorations of 
the Chesapeake Bay, 293 

A Calendar of the Ridgely Ftmily Let- 
ters 1742-1899 in the Belaware State 
Archives, edited by Leon deValfnger, 
Jr., and Virginia E. Shaw, reviewed, 

Calhoun, John C, 48, 76-77, 188 
Callcott, George H., 72 
Callister, Henry, 177 
Calvert, Cecilius, 79 
Charles, 32 

Charles, 3rd Lord Baltimore, 30, 

Calvert, Frederick, 6th lord Baltimore, 
Gli Abitatori del cielo e dell' Inferno, 

George, 79, 267. 276, 296 

family, 68, 299 
" Calvert," pseud., 204-205 
Calvert County, 298 
Calyo, Nicolino, " Balloon Ascension, 

Baltimore, 1834." 271 
Camden Station, Baltimore, 168 
Camp Chase, 161, 163 
Camp Lee, Richmond, Va., 146, 167 
Camp Meade, Md., 320 
" Camp of Duryea's Zouaves, of New 

York, on Federal Hin," by E. Sachse, 


Campbell, John, 196 

P. J., 114 
Sarah, 50 

Cancerai, Michael, 262 

Canda, C. J., 112 

Cape May, N.J., 363 

Capers, Gerald M., John C. Catttotm— 
Opportunist: A Reappraisal, re- 
viewed, 76-77 

Cappon, Lester J., 191 

Capron, Laura Lee, Mrs. Richard J., 

Richard, 356 
Richard J., 357, 358 
Carey, Wilson Miles, 157 
Cannac[k], Sen. [Edward W.], of Ten- 
nessee, 106, 108, 117, 120, 122, 235 
Caman, Charles Ridgely, 228 

John, 228 
Carnegie Library, Washington, D. C, 

Carolina (steamboat) , 304 
Caroline County, 99, 181 
Carothers, Mr., 114 
Carr. Charles, 102 
rarr, G. ^V., 102 
Carroll, Ann, 49 

Anna Ella, 271, 272, 290 

Charles, 68 

Charles, of CarroUton, 195, 220, 

221, 224. 345 
Ch*^. of Homewood, 370 
Charles, Jr., 224, 345 £E. 

Daniel, 307 
Mrs. Daniel, 307 
John Lee, 102 
Julia, 49 

Carroll, Kenneth, Joseph Nichols and 
the Nicholites, 81, 288; reviewed, 181 

Nellie Calvert, 271 

Sarah, 49 

family, 344 
Carroll County. 99. 120, 187 
Carroll County Historical Society, 187 
Carroll's Caves, 156, 157 
Carter, Bella, 49 

Bernard, 109 ff., 117 £E., 233 ff., 240 

C. H., 233, 234, 237 

Charlotte, 49 

Elizabeth, 34 

Hannah (Haile) , Mrs. William, 


Landon, 78-79 
Parke, 49 
Presley, 305 
Richard, 342 

Sen. [Thomas H.], of Montana, 

WiUiam, 221 



" Carthogena," Drayden, Md., 84 
Carton, Mrs. Lawrence R., 292 
Cartwright, William H., 264 
Caruso, John Anthony, The Southern 

Frontier, S96 
Gmnt^i Hall Hotel, Annapolis, 241 
Gary, Jinme, 144 

John Brune, 157 

Wilson Miles, 157 
Casenave, Stephen, 346 
Cassatt, A. J., 110, 111, 114, 240 
Cassells, Mr., 113 

Catalog of the Fowler Architectural 
Collection at the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, 281 

Cathedral of Mary Our Queai, 211, 

Catherine Ray (brig) , 61 

Cafholies and the American Revolu- 
tion: A Study in Religious CUmate, 
by Charles H. Metzger, S.J., re- 
viewed, 256-257 

Caton, Richard, 346 
family, 277, 287 

Catonsville, Baltimore County, 211, 277 

Catlin, George, 252, 253 

Caucomgoc River, 212 

Causes and Consequences of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, by Jonathan Bouch- 
er, 1S4, 135 

Cauthom, Mm. G. W., 27S, 279, 285 

Cecil County, S80 

Cecil County Historical Society, 171, 

Cecil Court House, 327 

Cedar Avenue, Baltimore, 356 

" Cedar Grove," Baltimore City, 354- 

355, 366 

Cedar Lane, Baltimore, 219, 232, 354, 

356, 357, 359, .362 ff. 

Cedar Lawn, Baltimore, 215, 219, 371, 

" Cedar Park," Anne Arundel County, 

Cover, Mardi, 582 
" Cedar Park," Baltimore County, 355, 


Cedar Park, Its People and Its His- 
tory, by J. Reaney Kelly, 30-53 

Census Population Schedules, 1810- 
1870, 282 

Centre Street, Baltimore, 262, 268 

Chambers, Gen. E. F., 210 

Chambersburg, Pa., 159, 160 

Chambliss, Mr., 150 

Chamier, Mrs., 355 
Achsah, 349 

Champlin, John Denison, 13 

Chancellor, William, 287 

Chancellorsville, Va., 259 
Channing, Edward, 197 
Chantilla Bluffs, Va., 143 
Chapman, Mrs., 358 

Allen A., 358 
Chapelle, Howard I., 184 
Chaptico, St. Mary's CouHty, 141, 142, 

Charles (Negro) , 36, 45 

Charles County, 282 

Charles County Historical Society, 302 

Charles Evans: American Bibliog- 
rapher, by Edward G. HoUey, 395 

Charles Street, Baltimore, 57, 58, 214 ff., 
226, 230, 231, 357, 362 

Charles Street Avenue, Baltimore, 216, 
218, 225, 232, 358, 360, 362, 366, 
3«8 ff., 375 

Charleston, S.C., 197, 309 

Charleston Courier (newspaper) , 5, 17 

Charleston Mall Apartments, Balti- 
more, 215, 371 

Charlestown, W. Va., 159, 160 

Charlotte, Queen of England, 69 

Charlotte Hall, 168 

Charm III (schooner) , 304 

Chase, Samuel, 182, 288 

Chasseur (private armed schooner) , 

ChasfeHux, Marquis de. Travels in 
North America in the Years 17S0, 
mi, and 1782, 395 

Cheat River Bridge, 165 

Chesapeake (ship) , 195, 196 

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company, 

Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, 113, 

Chesapeake Battery, C. S. A., 150 

Chesapeake Bay, 26, 30, 42, 82, 197, 
208, 389, 396 

Chese^ake Bay Bugeyes, by Marion 
V. Brewington, 184 

Chesapeake Bay Log Canoes, by Marion 
V. Brewington, 184 

Chesapeake Bay Log Canoes and Bug- 
eyes, by Marion V. Brewington, 81; 
reviewed, 184 

Chesapeak-Leopard Affair, 193 ff. 

Cherry Hill, Baltimore City, 363 

Chesney, Alan M., The Johns Hopkins 
Hospital and The Johns Hopkins 
University School of Medicine, A 
Chronicle. Vol. Ill, 1905-1904, 189 

Chestnut, W. Calvin, 801 

Chester County, Pa., 302 

Chester River, 68 



" Chesterfield," Queen Anne's County, 


Chesterfield, England, 139, 170 

Chestertown, Kent County, 25, 287 

Chestnut Avenue, Baltimore, 558 

Cheston, James, II, 47, 48 

Chew, Joseph, 34 

Col. Walter S., 150 

Chicago, 111., 2, 11, 96, 310 

Chinese Export Porcelain For the 
American Trade, 1785-1855, by Jean 
McClure Mudge, 81 

Christian, John, 212 

Christie, Miss, 50 
Gabriel, 197 

Chun, John, 168 

Mark, B., 141, 142, 167, 168 

Church Hill, Queen Anne's Co., 85 

Church Lane, Baltimore, 362 

Cincinnati, Ohio, 96 

Cincinnati Gazette (newspaper) , 15 

City Point, Va., 96, 166 

Civil War History, 192 

Civil War Union Room, Maryland His- 
torical Society, 171 

CSWL War Memoirs of the First 
Maryland, C. S. A., by Henry Clay 
Mettam, and edited by Samuel H. 
Miller, 137-170 

" Civis," pseud., 200 

Claiborne, William, 32 

Clap, Thomas, 384-385 

Clark, Charles B., 21, 22, 26 
Elmer T., 329 

Rep. [Frank], of Florida, 320 
Clark, Raymond B., and Clark, Sara 
Seth, Queen Anne's County Mary- 
land Marriage Licenses, 1SI7-1858, 

Clark, Sara Seth, and Clarfc, Raymond 
B., Queen Anne's County Maryland 
Marriage Licenses, 1S17-1858, 395 

[Clarke], Clark, Sen. [James P.], of 
Arkansas, 118-119, 237, 240 

Clarksville District, Howard County, 

Claude, Anne, 49 

Clay, Sen. [Alexander S.], of Georgia, 
105, 117 

Henry, 1, 254, 378, 579 
Clayton, Mr., 119 

John, 265 

J(An M., 186 

Sarah, the Elder, Mrs. William, 

William, 85 
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty, 186 
Clemens, Samuel, 180, 252 

Cleveland, Grover, 72, 93, 97, 111, 112, 

117, 119, 238, 240, 280, 395 
CHnton, DieWitt, 202, 208 
■' Clover Hill," Baltimore City, 146-548 
Clowe's Rebellion, 329 
Coale, Edward J., 54 

Elizabeth, 34 

Samuel, 34 

William, Jr., 34 
Cobb, Howell, 72 
Cocke, Sally, 49 

Cockey, Ann (Lux) , Mrs. Thomas D., 
549, 350, 356 
Powell, 147, 151, 156, 157 
Robert Joha, 147 

Col. Thomas Deye, 251, 549, 350, 
354, 355, 373 
" Cockey's Lane," Baltimore City, 373 
Cockrell, Sen. [Francis M.], of Mis- 
souri, 106, 107, 122, S86, 244 
Codman, Miss, 50 
Coit, Charles A., 304 

[Margaret) , 77 
Coke, Thomas, 328 
Cold Spring Hotel, 225 
Cold Spring Lane, Baltimore, 215 ff., 
225, 226, 282, 351 ff., 357, 358, 360, 
362, 371, 373 
Cole, Charles, 64 

John, Sr., 212, 213, 220 

John, Jr., 213 

Joseph, 220 

Philip, 34 

William, 227 
Coleman, Ann, 49 

Margaret, 49 
Coles Co., 111., 265 
CoUetfs Creek, 229 
CoUman, Mr., 120 

Cedoflial Dames in the State of Penn- 
sylvania, 303 

Colonial Williamsburg, 383, 397 

Columbia Heights Citizens Association, 
Washington, D. C, 314 

Columbia University, 86 

Columbus, Ohio, 163 

" Come by Chance," Baltimore, 225 

C'oraegys family, 186 

Comet (private armed schooner), 173- 

Commager, Henry Steele, 160 
Committee on the Conduct of the War, 

Compiled Service Records of Confed- 
erate Soldiers Who Served in Organi- 
zations from the State of Maryland, 

Concert Hall, Philadelphia, 11 



The Confederate Constitutions, by 

Charles Rofeert Lee, Jr., 268 
Confederate Handguns, by William A. 
AlUft^^, IU> Hugh Benet, Jr., and 
Edward N. Simmom, SK 
Confederate Room, Maryland Histori- 
cal Society, 171, 267 
Conference of Historical Societies of 

Maryland, 302, 303, 306 
Congressional Record, 117 
Conine, William C, 366 
Constable Anne, 375 

Elizabeth (Bryan) , Mrs. Wesley, 

374, 375 
Harriet Jennette, 375 
Wesley, 374 
Constitution (ship) , 391 
Contee, Mary, 49 
Contributors, 86, 192, 265, 402 
" Conveniency," Baltimore, 231 
Cook, Ellen, 50 

Jessie Marjorie, 292 
John Esten, 152 
Coonan, Edward V., 213, 220, 371, 372, 

Coony, Mr., 102 

Cooper, H. Austin, Two Centuries of 
Brothersvalley Church of the Breth- 
ren, 1762-1962, 288 

Cooper and Butler, shipbuilders, 304 

Corcoran Gallery of Art, 272 

Corner, Thomas C, 271-272, 292 

Corning Museum of Glass, 397-398 

Corotooman River, 347 

Correspondence of the Secretary of the 
Treasury with Collectors of the Cus- 
toms, Baltimore, 282 

Cortissoz, Royal, 1 

Cottmans, Lazarus, 351 

The Council of the AUeghanies, 398- 

Country School for Boys, 218 

Cover Picture: Society Plans Major 

Expansion, 171-172 
Covington, Nehemiah, 68 

Rebecca Denwood) , Mrs. Nehe- 
miah, 68 

" Covington Vineyard," Somerset Coun- 
ty, 68 

Cowan, John K., 98, 99 
Cox, Samuel S., 11, 14, 17 
" Cox's Paradise," Baltimore City, 217, 

Coyle, John F., 104 
Grain, Robert, 233, 234 

Crandall, Gilbert A., 303 
Crane, Charles P., 298 
Capt. J. Parran, 150 

Cranoinetter, Page, 102 

Creagher, John P., 21-22 

Creswell, John, 12, 27 

Crighton, William, 377 

Crisfield, John W., 250 

Crittenden, Christopher C, 400 
John J., 188, 254-255 

Crittenden Compromise, 254 

Crocker, Emmanuel M., 217, 218 

Crocker property, 21511., 354, 360, 371 

Cross, Arthur L., 385 

" Cross Keys," Baltimore City, 356 

Crothers, Austin L., 290 
C. C, 122, 234, 237 

Crouch, Henry, 391 

Crowfoot Road, Va., 152 

Crowther, G. Rodney, III, " Lowe of 
Denby, County Derby, England," 82 

Culbertson, Sen. [Charles A.], 113, 115, 
122, 234, 235 

C:ullom, Sen. [Shelby M.], 120, 239 

Culver, Francis B., 346, 347 

Cumberland, Maryland Civilian, 282 

Cumberland Road, 401 

Cunningham, Noble E., Jr., The Jeffer- 
sonian Republican in Power Party 
Operations, 1801-1809, 395 

Current Fund, Maryland Historical So- 
ciety, 87 ff. 

Currier, [Nathaniel], 282, 401 

Curry, Leonard, 214, 222 

Curti, Merle, 70 

Curtis, Thomas, S3 

Cushwa, Edwd. L., 95, 96 

Custer, George Armstrong, 153, 154, 

Custis, Mr., 60 

Dabney Ferry. Va., 150, 152 

Daily Picayune (New Orleans news- 
paper) , 7 

Dallam, Richard, 345, 346 

Dallas, Walter, 227 

Dangerfield, George, 77, 133 

Daingerfield Fund, Maryland Histori- 
cal Society, 88, 89 

Daniel (Negro) , 36 

Daniel, Sen. [John W.], of Virginia, 
106, 109, 115, 242 

Daniel Morgan: Revolutionary Rifle- 
man, by Don Higginbotham, re- 
viewed, 185 

"Daniel's Whimsey," Baltimore, 212, 
213, 220 

Daniels, Josephus, 317 

D'Arcy, J. N., 61 
Margaret, 49 
Maria, 49 



The Darkest Day: 1814. The Washing- 
ton-Baltimore Campaign, by Charles 
G. Muller, 189; reviewed, 389 
Darnall, Mrs. Richard Bennett, 271 
Darnall Young People's IVdHwiHm of 

Maryland History, 271 
Dartmouth College, 182 
Davidson College, 86 
Davk, Curtis Carroll, 85, 388 
David, 2, 19 

H. G., 104, IQh, 10§, 112, 115, 118, 

12», 236, 246, 242, 245 
Henry Winter, 1-19, 21 
Jefferson, 274 
Davis, Richard Beale, Intellectual Life 
in Jefferson's Virginia, 1790-1813, 400 
Davis, Richard Beale, editor, William 
Fitzhugh and His Chesapeake World, 
1676-1701, 81 
Varina, Mrs. Jefferson, 274 
Dawes, Henry L., 14 
" Dear FoUc: ii»me Letters oi Jobmiy 
Reb and Billy Yank," by Bell I. 
Wiley, 298 
Dear Folks at Home: The Civil War 
Letters of Leo W. and John L Faller 
with an account of Andersonville, 
edited by Milton E. Flower, 263 
Oecauss, Leonard, 368 
Delaware Public Archives Commission, 

Delta, Pa., 367 

Dement, Capt. William F., 150 

deMeyer, Leopold, 177 

Dennis, Mrs. Samuel K., 292 

Denys, Benjamin, 287 

Department of West Virginia, 160 

DePauw, Linda Grant, 284 

Depew, Chauncey, 13 

de Valinger, Leon, and Shaw, Virginia 
E., A Calendar of Ridgely Family 
Papers, 1742-1899 in the Delaware 
State Archives, reviewed, 185-186 

Diamond, Sigmund, editor. The Na- 
tion Transformed, 396 

Dick (Ne^) , 141 

Dick, Charlotte Mettam, 170 

Dickerson, Don, 240 

Dickinson College, 278 

Dielman, Henry, 177 
Louis, 177 

Digges, Ignatius, 271 
Thomas, 272 
Thomas Atwood, 286 
family, 286 

Dillon, Richard H., 265 

Dinah (Negro) , 36 

Dinsmore & Kyle, law firm, 359 

Diplomatic Relations Between the 
United States and the Kingdom of 
the Two Sicilies, 286 

Discourse and Discovery of New-Found- 
Land, by Richard Whitbourne, 276 

Disruption of American Democracy, by 
{Roy F.], Nichols, 73 

Dixon, W. T., 118 

Dft. James B. Stansbury, by Frsmk F. 

White, Jr., 173-174 
Dobbs, Gordon B., The Salmon King 

of Oregon R. D. Hume and the 

Pacific Fisheries, 189 
Dodd, William E., 9 
" Doden," 42 

Dolan, Rev. James Joseph, 361, 362, 

366, 375 
Donaldson, Elizabeth, 49 
Donalson, Jolin, 111 
Donnell, Frances, 49 
Dorchester County, 103, 181, 282 
Dortmim, {Jojeph], 77 
Dorman, Dwothy, 284 
Dorrington, William, 342 
Dorect County, SSO 
Dorsey, Mr., 102 
Emily, 49 

Hammond, Jr., 102 
J. W., 102 

Rhoda M., 293 
Sally, 50 

" Uoughoregan Manor," Howard Coun- 
ty, 345 

Douglas, Col. John, 365 

Dover, Del., 186 

Dover Green, Del., 186 

Dover Road, 156 

Dow, Col. Tom, 245 

The Dramatic Censor (Philadelphia 
newspaper) , 60 

Drayden, 84 

The Dream of Arcadia, by Van Wyck 

Brooks, 252 
" Drumcastle," Baltimore, 226 
Drumquhasle, 227 
Duce (Negro) , 36 
Duchesse d'Orleans (ship) , 305 
Duck, Dr. James, 361, 362 
Dudley, Thomas H., 2 
Duhurse, James, 368 
Duke, James B., 112 
Duke University, 264 
Dulany, Daniel, 65 
Walter, 186 
family, 68 
Dunn, Robert E., 304, 305 
Dunning, William A., 14 



du Pont, Ann, 186 

Charles Irenee, 186 
Duval, Ruby R., 43 

Aramlnta, Mrs. William B., 359 

Elridge G., 359 

Emily L., Mrs. Elridge G., 358-359 
Laura (Fetiditt) « M». WWhhk B., 


WiUtem B., m. 9«2, 36S 
Dydier, Mr., 50 

Dyer, John P., From Shiloh to San 
Juan, reviewed, 80 

E Street, Washington, D. C, 104 
Eader, Thomas S., 278, 279, 284, 285, 

" Eagles," Baltimore City," 360, 363 
Early, Gen. Jubal A., 95', 154, 158 ff. 
" The Early American Art of Cookery," 

by Mrs. Helen Duprey Bullock, 299- 


Early American Homes for Today: A 
Treasury of Decorative Detaik and 
Restoration Procedures, by Herbert 
Wheaton Congdon, 189 

Early Explorations of the Chesapeake 
Bay, by Gilbert Byron, 293 

East St. Louis, 111., 321 

Eastern National Park and Monument 
Association, 190 

Eastern States Archaeological Founda- 
tion, 224 

Easton, Talbot County, 68, 181, 303 
Easton Republican Star (newspaper) , 

Easton Star-Democrat (newspaper) , 


Easton Volunteer Fire Department, 188, 


Eaton, Clement, The Leaven of Democ- 
racy, 396 
Eby, Cecil D., 180 
Eddis, William, 326 
Edelin, Jess, 167 
Eden, Gov. Robert, 126, 328 
Edinburgh, Scotland, 65 
Edmondson, Mr., 358 

J. Hooper. 219, 365 

Joseph A., 865, 366 
Edmonson, William, 34 
Edmunds, James R., Jr., 366 

James R., 3rd, 365 
Edwards, John, 229 
" Edwards Enlargement," Baltimore, 

" Edwards Lott," Baltimore, 228 
Edwards' Run, 224. 347 
Eighteenth Amendment, 183 

Eighth Street, Washington, D.C., 318 

8th Virginia Cavalry, 154 

84th Pensylvania Volunteers, 25 

Elaine, Ark., 310 

Electro Vitrifrico in Annapolis: Mr. 

Franklin Visits the Tuesday Club, 

by Robert R. Hare, 62-66 
Eleutherian Mills-Hagley Foundation, 

2TO, S»Bi 
1 1th Virginia Cavalry, 147 
Eliot, [John], Indian Bible, 276 
Elizabeth 1, Queen of England, 383 
" Elk Neck," Harford County, 363 
Elkridge Fox-Hunting Club, 213 
EUer, Adm. E. M., 277, 304 
Ellicott City, Howard County, 102 
Elmhurt Avenue, Baltimore, 356, 359 
" Elsinore," Baltimore City, 353 
Emancipation Proclamation, 250 
Embargo Politics in Maryland, by 

Dorothy M. Brown, liS-210 
Emergency Hospital, Waskinf^w, D.C., 

318, 317, 320, 321 
Emerson, Rep. [Henry 1.], of Ohio, 320 

Ralph Waldo, 252 
The Emigrants, by Robert R. Hare, 86 
Emory Grove Camp Grounds, 156 
Endicott, Mr., 277 

Endowment Fund, Maryland Historical 

Society, 88, 89 
Engle, Dorothy, 30 

Francis, 30 
English Speaking Union, 298 
" An Enquiring Voter," pseud., 200 
Ensor, Elizabeth, 220 

John, 213, 219, 220, 229, 231 

John T., 101 

Joseph, 213, 219 ff., 229, 344 «E. 

Joseph, Sr., 222 

Joseph, Jr., 221, 222, 345 

Mary (Bouchelle) , Mrs. Joseph, 

220, 221 
family, 220 

Ensor's Mill, 221, 231 

Ensor's Run, 22011., 231 

" Ensor's Struggle," Baltimore County, 

Estates, Value of, 333-343 
Evans, Charles, 395 
Evans, [Charles], American Bibliog- 
raphy, 281 

Clement, 146 

Daniel, 217 

Job, 226, 227, 229, 230, 368 
William, 225 
family, 218 
Evans Chapel Road, Baltimore, 352, 
354, 356 ff. 



Evanson, PhiHp, 192 

EvANSON, Phiup, Jonathan Boucher: 

The Mind of an American Loyalist, 

Everett, [Edward], 2 
"Evergreen," Baltimore Citv, 358, 371, 


Evergreen House, 211, 215, 281 

Evergreen on the Avenue, 230 

Everhart, Dr. [George Y.], 109, 113, 114, 
116, 118, 119, 234, 244 

Evening Star (Washington newspaper) , 
313, 314 

Evening Sun (newspaper) , 86 

The Everlasting South, by Francis But- 
ler Simkins, '396 

" Everyday Art for Early Americans," 
by Dr. Louis C. Jones, 298 

Ewen, Capt. Richard, 30, 32 
Richard, I, 32, 33, 35 
Richard, Jr., 32 

" Ewen Plantations," Anne Arundel 
County, 33 

" Ewen upon Ewenton," Anne Arundel 
■County, 32, 34, 35, 46 

" Ewens," Anne Arundel Ctjonty, 30, 

" Ewes Addition," Anne Arundel Coun- 
ty, 32 

Ezell, John S., editor. The Neiu Democ- 
racy in America: Travels of Fran- 
cisco de Miranda in the United 
States, 1783-84, 396 

F Street, Washington, D. C, 319 

" Fair View," Laurel, 237 

F»irbur», WMHam Armstrong, Mer- 
chant Sail, 184 

Faii^x County, Va., 145 

Faller, John I., 263 
Leo W., 263 

Falls Road, Baltimore, 212, 213, 222, 

Falls Turn-pike Road, 353, 354 

Famous American Composers, by Grace 
Overmyer, 86 

Fanning, Joseph T., 118 

Farmers Bank of Annapolis, 48 

Farragut, [David G.], 388 

Fay, Joseph D., 59, 61 

Federal Gazette (Baltimore newspaper), 
55, 198 £f., 203, 206, 229 

Federal Gazette and Baltimore Daily 
Advertiser (newspaper) , 349 

Federal Republican, Baltimore news- 
paper, 55 ff., 202, 204 fif. 

Federalist Papers, 77 

Federated Garden Clubs erf Maryland, 

83, 397 
Fell, William, 219, 231 
Fell's Mill, 221, 231 
Fell's Point, Baltimore, 173, 206, 230 
Fells Point Road, Baltimore, 228, 229 
Feller, John Q., 399-400 
" Fellowship," Baltimore County, 227, 


Fendall, Mrs., 356, 358 ff. 
Dr., 354, 355 , 361 
Arantinta (Fendall) , Mrs. William 

E., 363 
Charles E., 358 

Dr. Edward, 349, 355 , 356, 363 
Frances Thwaites (Cockey) , Mrs. 

Edward, 349, 354, 356 ff., 363, 


Philip R., 358 
Fendall house, Baltimore, 356 
Fennell, Mr., 56 
Fenollosa, Ernest, 252-254 
Fenollosa and His Circle, with Other 

Essays in Biography, by Van Wyck 

Brooks, reviewed, 252-254 
Fenwick, Miss, 50 
Ferry Bar, 1S9 

Fifteenth Street, Washington, D. C, 316 
Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York City, 

5 th North Carolina Cavalry, 152 

Fifth Regiment, 272, 389 

Fillmore, Millard, 251 

Filmer, Sir Robert, Patriarcha, 128 ff. 

Finley, Eliza, 49 

First Baptist Church of Baltimore, 275 
First Legislative District, Baltimore 
City, 99 

Fkst Maryland Artillery, C.S.A., 150 
1st Maryland Battery, 150 

1st Maryland Cavalry, C. S. A., 137-146, 

150, 155, 158, 159 ff. 
1st Maryland Infantry, C. S. A., 151, 

155, 158, 290 
1st North Carolina Cavalry, 152 
First Virginia Cavalry, C. S. A., 145, 


Fisher, Gordon, 300 

Lazarus, 177 

Louis, 177, 178 

Marv, 381 

William, 101 
Fitzhugh, William, 81 
Fleagle, R. N., Jr., 304 
Flora MacDonald (ship) , 305 
Flower, Milton I., editor. Dear Folks 
at Home: The Civil War Letters of 



Leo W. and John I. Faller with an 
account of Andersonville, 263 

The Flowering of the Maryland Palati- 
nate, by Harry Wright Newman, 288 

Flree, John, 34 

Foraker, Sen. Joseph B.], of Ohio, 109, 

240, 245 
Ford, Mr., 244 

Ford, T. Lathner, " Recent Archaeo- 
logical Discoveries in Maryland," 303 
T. Latimer, Jr., 223 

Ford's Theatre, Washington, D. C, 167, 
177, 277 

Forest Plantation, St. Mary's Co., 84 
Fonnan, Henry Chandlee, 30 
Forney, Jtehn W., 16, 17 
Fort Carroll, 277 

" Fort Federal Hill," by E. Sachse, 401 

Fort Greene Park, N.Y., 59 

Fort McHenry, 139, 166, 247-250, 265 

Fort Norfolk, 149 

Fort Sumter, S. C, 20 

Fort Warren, Mass., 146 

Fortress Monroe, Va., 95 

Fortieth Street, Baltimore, 213, 352 

Foster, Mr., 237 

Sen. [Addison G.], of Washington, 
106, 107, 240 

C. W., 22, 24 ft. 

James W., 70, 267, 269, 270, 289, 

295, 296, 301, 303, 307 
Sen. [Murphy J.], of Louisiana, 


Fountain Rock, Shcphcrdstown, W. Va., 

Fourth Congressional District, 4 
4th Maryland Battery, 150 
4th North Carolina Cavalry, 152 
Fourth Street, Washington, B.C., 319 
Fowle, Rebecca, 49 

Susan, 49 
Fowler, Lawrence Hall, 281 
Fox, George, 33, 49, 381, 382 
"Fox Hali," Baltimore, 229 
France, Jacob, 267, 291 
Francis, Gov., 240 
Frank A. Furst (tug), 304 
Frank, Glenn, 313, 324 
Franklin, Benjamin, 62-66, 69, 123 
Franklin, Baltimore, 50 
Franklin Institute, 304 
Frazier, John, Jr., 26 
Frederick, 21, 155, 156, 329. 297 
Frederick County, 94, 206, 207 
Frederick-Town Herald (Frederick 

newspaper) , 207 
Fredericksburg, Va., 146 
Free Summer Excursion Society, 280 

Freedmen's Aid Societies, 190 
Freeman, Douglas S., 260 

Sara Elizabeth, 62 
Freidel, Frank, 179 

Freidel, Frank, and Pollack, Norman, 
editors. Builders of American Insti- 
tutions: Readings in Un&«d Mates 
History, 263 

"Friend's Discovery" Baltimore City, 
226, 227, 229, 230, 368, 372 

Fremont, John C, 5 

" Fresh Lights on Calvert County His- 
tory," by Charles F. Stein, 298 

Frisbie, Catheriflc Overe (Ruth) , Mrs. 
William, 84 
Capt. William, 84 

From Shitoh to San Juan: The Life 
of " Fightin' Joe Wheeler," by John 
P. Dyer, reviewed, 80 

Fry, Col. James B., 26 

Fuller, W. W., Ill, 112, 233 

Funk, Eliza, 273, 278, 285 

Furst, F. A., 120 

G Street, Washington, D.C., 316, 319 
Gadd, Sen. [Luther H.], 120 
Gadsby's Tavern, 208 
Gallagher, Patrick, 376 
Gallatin, Albert, 197, 199, 208, 210 
Galloway, Elizabeth (Talbott) Law- 
rence, Mrs. Richard, II, 34, 41 

Richard, I, 31, 49, 53 

Richard, Jr., 41, 42, 44 

Richard, 11, 31, 34, 35, 41 

Samuel, I, 34 

Samuel, III, 34 

Sarah Smith Sparrow, Mrs. Rich- 
ard, II, 41 

Sophia (Richardson) , Mrs. Rich- 
ard, Jr., 34, 41 ff., 48, 49 

family, 30 
Gambrall, Theodore C, 34 
Gambrill, Haddie (Gorman) , Mrs. 

Stephen, 115 
" Gardens and Houses of the Emerald 

Isle," by H. Irving Keyser, II, 300 
Garfield, James A., 15, 287 
Garnett, Grace. 49 

Garrett, John W., 211, 215, 277, 367, 

Robert, 216, 354, 360, 365 

family, 364 
Garrett mansion, Baltimore, 362 
Garrettson, Freeborn, 329 ff. 
Garrison, Job, 219, 221 
Garrison Forest, 157 
Garrison Fork Rangers, 139 
Garrison Ridge, 229 



" Garritson's Meadows," Baltimore City, 
217, 231 

Garvan, Anthony N. B., 303 

Gary, J. A., 118 

Louisa M., 273, 275 , 278, 284, 287 

" Gaston," Baltimore, 215 

Gatell, Frank Otto, 73, 182, 255 

Gay Street, Baltimore, 355 

" Genealogy and Biography of the De- 
scendants of Abraftam Jackson of 
Fell's Point, Maryland, and His Wife 
Ann Alment Jackson," by John B. 
Mahool, Jr., 82 

The General Lingen (ship) , 60 

Generalization In The Writing of His- 
tory, edited by Louis Gottsdialk, 188 

George, Mr., 112, 234 
J. K., 122 
Margaret, 347 

George, Sir Robert, "The Australian 
Scene," 298 

George II, King of England, 305 

George III, King of England, 256 

George V, King of Engliind, 70 

Georgetown, D. C, 57, 59, 60, 319 

Georgetown, Md., 166 

Gettysburg, Pa., 150, 187 

Ghent, Treaty of, 389 

Gibbons, James Cardinal. 280, 399-400 

" Gibson," Baltimore City, 353 

Gibson, R. Hammond, 270, 304 ff. 

"Gift," Baltimore, 231 

" Gift Resurveyed," Baltimore City, 
361, 362 

Giles, Mary, 34 

Gill, John, 105 

John, Jr., 115, 116 
Johnson, 234 

Gilman, John, 366 

Gilman Country School, 211, 218 

Gilman Hall, Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity, 345 

Gilmor, Harry, 159, 161 
Robert, 373 

Gilmore, Elizabeth, 49 

Gilpin, Bernard, 222 

Ginn and Company, 302 

Gleig, George Robert, 389 

Glenn, William Watkins, 275 
family, 274 

Glyndon, 156 

Goddard, Mary Katherine, 178 

William, 178, 288 
Godefroy, Maximilian, 272, 298 
Goff's Wharf, 142 
Gold, George, 105 
Goldman, Eric, 182 
Goldsborough, Charles, 207 

Henry H., 21 
Major W. W., 150, 159 
" Good Fellowship," Howard County, 


Gordon, Douglas H., 214 

Gen. James Byron, 152, 153 
Gorman, Mrs. Arthur, 105, 110, 112, 
115, 118 

Arthur Pae, 9S4'22, 277, 280, 284 

Arthur P., Jr., 1#1, 110 ff., 122 

Mrs. Arthur P., Jr., 93 

Grace, 112 

P. C, 102, 113 

Gen. W, A., 96 
Gorsuch, Charles, 228 
Gott, Samuel, 227 

Gottschalk, Louis, editor, Generaliza- 
tion In The Writing of History, 188 

Goucher College, 283, 284, 293 

Gould, Clarence P., 335 

Govane, Capt. William, 226 
femily, 227 

Govaastowi, Baltimore City, 227, 228, 
369, S72, 374, 376 

Government and the Arts, by Grace 
Overrayer, 86 

Governor May (launch) , 304 

Grace, Arthur, 115 

Grand Street, Philadelphia, 262 

Grannan, Mr., 110 

Grant, Ulysses S., 14, 95, 96, 152 

Grantsville, Garrett County, 398-399 

Grasty, Mr., 107 

Gray, Judge, 113 

Great Battles of History Series, 389 
" The Great Fight Between Tom Hyer 

and Yankee Sullivan," 282 
" The Great Match at Baltimore," by 

Currier and Ives, 282 

Great Run, Baltimore, 219 ff., 228, 371 

Greeley, Horace, 16 

Green, Constance, 192 

Green, Constance McLaughlin, Wash- 
ington: Village and Capital, 1800- 
1878, reviewed, 77-78 
Isaac, 225 
CoL John S., 147 
Jonas, 64 

Green Spring Valley, 145 

Greene, Nathaniel, 395 

Greenfield, Kent Roberts, 293, 300 

Greenfield, Kent Roberts, American 
Strategy in World War II: A Recon- 
sideration, reviewed, 393-394 

Greenland Gap, Va., 147 ff. 

Greenmount Avenue, Baltimore, 230 

Greenmount Cemetery, Baltimore, 
228 ff., 374 



Greenway, Edward M., 353, 356 ff. 

family, 356 
[Green well], Greenhill, Sen. [James J.], 

116, 117 
Grether, Selma, 284 
Grey, Edgar M., 319 
Griffin, Capt. William H., 150 
Grog, John, pseud., 62 
GnxHne, .Matilda, 49 
Grundy, pFelix], 378 
Guffey, Mr., 119 

Guide to Old Georgetown, by Gertrude 

Orr and Alice Coyle Torbert, 81 
Guilford, Baltimore City, 211, 215 ff., 

226, 348 
Guilford, Howard County, 101 
" Gunners Range," Baltimore, 227 
Gunpowder River, 363 
Gunston Hall, Lorton, Va., 191 
Gwathney, Lucy, 49 
Gwinn, William R., 225 
Gwynn, William, 54, 55, 58, 61 
Gwynbrook, Baltimore County, 280 

Hacker, [I. M.], 77 
Hadley, Mrs. Harlan, 191 
Hagan's Tavern, Frederick, 155 
Hagar (Negro) , 36 
Hager, Jonathan, 308 
Hagerstown, Washington County, 25 
Hagley Museum, 399 
Hagner, Frances, 49 

Mary, 49 
Hahn, Major William G., 320 
Haile, Ann, 220 

Frances (Neal) , Mrs. Nicholas, 344 

Hannah, 220 

Mary, 344 

Millisant, 220 

Neale, 221, 344, 345, 346 

Nicholas, 21911., 226, 229, 231, 
344 fE. 

Sabbiner, 220 
" Haile's Addition," Baltimore City, 
231, 34411. 

" Haile's Fellowship," Baltimore Coun- 
ty, 227, 229 
"Haile's Folly," Baltimore, 220 
Haile's Run, 221 
Hale, Rev. Dr., 118, 243 

Arthur, 118 

Sen. [Eugene], 235, 240 

George, 347 
Hall, Misses, 50 

Jane, 49 

Theta McCrory, 265 
Hall of Records, 192, 263 
Halpin, James, 275 

Hamerik, Asgar, 177 
Hamill, Gen., 236 
Hamilton, Alexander, 206 

Dr. Alexander, 63 ff. 

Margaret (Dnlany) , Mrs. William, 

Hammond, John Hays, Jr., 70 
Hampden, Baltimore City, 211, 213, 

215, 222, 225, 231 
Hampden Reservoir, 213 
Hampshire County, W. Va., 160 
Hampton, Wade, 154 
Hampton, Baltimore County, 228, 349 
" Hampton Court," Baltimore City, 


Hand House, Baltimore, 168 
Handy, Henrietta, 49 
Sarah, 50 

Hanley, Thomas O'Brien, .S.J., 257, 
387, 402 

Hanley, Thomas O'Brien, S. J., The 
State mid Dissenters in the Revolu- 
tion 326-332 
Hanna, Marcus A., 81, 228 ff., 240, 244 
Hannah More Academy, 147, 291 
" Hannah's Lott," Baltimore, 228, 230, 

231, 368 
Hannibal (ship) , 173-174 
Hanover Bank of New York, 109 
Hanover County, Va., 83 
Hanover Court House, 153 
Hanover Junction, 150 
Hanover Parish, Va., 126 
Hanover Street Bridge, Baltimore, 189 
Hanson, Mrs. A. C, 57 

Alexander Contee, 54 ff. 

Alexander Contee, Jr., 280 

G., 102 

Thomas H., 353, 354 
W. T., 54 

Willis Tracy, Jr., 55 
Hardesty, Richard, 52 
Hardv, John T., 102 
Hardy County, W.Va., 161 
Hare, Robert R., 86 
Hare, Robert R., Electro Vitrifico in 

Annapolis: Mr. Franklin Visits the 

Tuesday Club, 62-66 
Harford County, 99, 378-380 
Harford, Henry, 79 
Harford Road, Baltimore, 229, 265 
Harlan, Judge H. D., 118 
Harmon, Col. W. W., 147 
Harper, Robert Goodloe, 193, 195, 202, 

203, 225, 346 
Harrell, Mrs. Earl V., 279, 284 
Harrington, Mr., 122 
Norman W., 3©0 



Harris, Benjamin G., 26 

Elizabeth, 33, 381, 382 

Lloyd, 229 

W. Hall, Jr., 276 
Harris, W. Hall, Jr., Papers of William 
Patterson of Baltimore, 1777-ISJ5, 

Harris's Creek, 229 
Harrison, Lucy, 49 

Mary, 49 

Margaret, 49 

Mercer, 49 

Richard, 343 

Richard, I, 34 
Harrisonburg, Va., 147, 149 
" Harrow Tooth," Baltimore, 231 
Harry (Negro) , 36, 141 
Hart, Albert Bushncll, 65 

Elizabeth, 273 
Harvard University, 287, 384 
Harvey F . Starr (schooner) , 304 
Harvey, George, 242 
Havre de Grace, 25 
Harwood, Anne Arundel County, 53 

Josephine, 49 
Raskins, John, 342 
Haslup, C. W., 102 

Louis P., 102 
Hawkins, William G., 190 
Hawthorn Road, Baltimore, 352, 359 
Hay, John, 9 

Hayes, Rutherford B., 287 
Hayne, Gen. [Robert Y,], 378 
Haynes, George E., 321, 324 
Hazle, Henry, 361 
Heard, Mr,, 346 

Hearn, E. Earl, "The LeCoiBptes: A 
History of the Family ef Monsieur 
Antoine LeCompte and His Descoid- 
ants from the Rist Settlement in 

Dorchester County in 1659," 82 
Lafcadio, 252 
Hearst, William Randolph, 106, 119 
Hebb, Dr., 102 

" Hebron," Baltimore City, 351-354 

Hechey, William, 95 

Heitman, Francis Bernard, 60 

Helen W. (tug), 304 

Hemphill, W. Edwin, editor. The Pa- 
pers of John C. Calhoun, Volume 
II, ISn-mS, 188 

Hendler, Mrs. L. Manuel, 271 

Henry L. Stimson and Japan, 1931-33, 
by Armin Rappaport, 396 

Herring Run, 227 ff. 

Henry Winter Davis: Orator for the 
Union, by Raymond W. Tyson, 1-19 

Herbert, Lt. Col. James R., 150 

Here Lies Virginia, by Ivor Noel 
Hume, 263; reviewed, 383-98^4 

[Hiring], Herring, [Joshua W.], 109 

Herman, Augustine, 220 

Herring Creek Meeting, 34 

Herring Creek Parish, Anne Arundel 
County, 34 

Herring Run, 227 

Herz, Henri, My Travels in America, 

Hesselius, Gustavus, 68, 290 

John, 290 
Hesseltine, William B., 264 
Hewitt, Benjamin, 84 

Mary (Hopkins) , Mrs. Benjamin, 

Hicks, Thomas H., 22 
Higginbothara, Don, Daniel Morgan. 

Revolutionary Rifleman, reviewed, 


Highfield Road, Baltimore, 215 
Hill, Dr., 109 

Sen. [David B.], of New York, 108, 
111, 118 

Henry, 41 

Henry Bertram, 263 
Henry R., 188 

[Isaac], 378 
J. J., Ill, 245 

Rep. [Richard S.], 109, 116, 122, 

Sarah Smith Sparrow Galloway, 

Mrs. Henry, 41 
Rev. Stephen, 275 
Rep. [William Henry], of New 

York, 320 

Hilton, George N., The Ma if Pa: A 
History of The Maryland if Penn- 
sylvania Railroad, 263; reviewed, 390 
Hisky, Joseph, 271 
Hiss, Mary C, 273, 278, 285 
Historic Annapolis, Inc., 302, 303 
History of Calvert County, Maryland, 

by Charles F. Stein, 276 
History of St. Mary's Church, Govans- 
town, by Rev. Paul E. Meyer, 362, 

A HiHory ef the Baltimore General 
Dispensary Founded 1801, edited by 
C. Herbert Baxley, 263 

A History of the Boston Volunteer 
Fire Dept., by James C. MuUikin, 
188; reviewed, 262 

A History of the Maryland and Penn- 
sylvania Railroad, by George W. 
Hilton, reviewed, 390 

History of United States Naval Opera- 



Hons in World War II, by Samuel 
Eliot Morison, 387 
" History on the Talile Top," by Mis. 

Helen Sprackling, 298 
History Teachers Association et Mwry- 

land, 268 
Hitchcock's Mill, 228 
H L M The Mencken Bibliography, 
compiled by Betty Adler and Jane 
Wilhelra, 81 
Hoar, Sen. [George F.], of Massachu- 
setts, 109, 115 
Hobbs, James L., 102 
Hoblitzell, Mrs. Alan P., 271 
Hockett, Mrs. Jesse, 191 
Hockfield, George, 8 
Hofstadter, Richard, 71 
Holland, Eugenia Calvert, 271 
Capt. J. C, 26 
Jane, 34 
Joseph, 34 
Holley, Edward G., Charles Evans: 

American Bibliosnrapher, 39,5 
Holliday Street, Baltimore, 54 
Hollingsworth, J. Rogers, The Whirli- 
gig of Polities, The Democracy of 
Cleveland and Bryan, 395 
Samuel, 222 
Thomas, 222 
The Hollyday and Related Families 
of the Easterv Shore nf Maryland, 
by James Bordley, Jr., 293; reviewed, 

Henry, 67 
Henry, II, 69 
James, 67, 70 
James, I, 67, 68 
James, II, 68-69 
Col. Leonard, 67 
Richard, 70 

Sarah (Covington) Lloyd, Mrs. 

James, I, 67, 68 
Thomas, 67 
"Holly Hill," Anne Arundel County, 

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Devise, 278, 

" Home Sweet Home," song, 54 
Homeland, 211, 214, 216, 218, 227, 230, 

549, 367 ff. 
Homeland Avenue, Baltimore, 215, 216, 

219, 368, 371, 374, 375 
Homeland Branch of Stony Run, 215, 

216, 362, 368, 372 
Homewood, Baltimore City, 211, 218, 

221, 222, 226, 344-346, 370 
" Homewood," Cumberland, England, 


Homewood, Thomas, 356 
Hooker, Sarah, 34 

Gen. Joseph, 95 

Thomas, 229 

Thomas, II, 34 
Hopkins, Mr., 119, 140 

.4., 102 

C. A. Porter, 138, 191, 262, 267, 
270, 308 

D. M., 213, 214 
Elizabeth, 374 

G. M., 216, 222, 226, 228, 348, 355, 

358, 360, 362, 367 
Harry, 75-76 
Johns, 140 
Mary, 374 
Samuel, 227, 270 
family, 84 
Hornet (sloc^) , 304 
The Horseman of the Shenandoah: A 
Biographical Account of the Early 
Days of George Washington, by Bliss 
Isely, 188 
Horsey, Mrs. Thomas Sim Lee, 271 
Hough, Ann, 271 
Ethel, 271 
Mary, 271 

House and Garden Pilgrimage, 82-83, 

307, 397 
Howard, Benjamin C, 182 

Cornelius, 220 

Elizabeth, 49 

Ernest A., 171, 267 

Col. John Eager, 220 

Louisa^ 49 

Thomas Gassaway, 363 

family, 227 
Howard County, 101 ff., 120 
Howard Street, Baltimore, 268, 590 

Howard University, 86 
Howe, Frederic C, 179 

Louis McHenry, 75-76 
Howes, Wright, compiler, U. S.-larta, 

1650-1950, 288 
Hoxton family, 274 
Huett, Richard, 227 
Hugg, Jacob W., 287 
Hughes, Vincen J., 84 
Hulbcrt, Archer Butler, 401 
Hume, Ivor N'., Here Lies Virginia, 265, 
reviewed, 383-584 

Noel, 398 

R. D., 189 
Himt, T. H., 102 
Hunter, Andrew, 159 

Gen. David, 155, 159, 160 

Dr. George, 263 



Wilbur H., Jr., 191, 295 

WilUam, 63 
Huntingdon Co., Pa., 84 
" Huntington," Baltimore, 228, 229 
Ifurst, J<^n £., 118 
■TOHhinsdh, Gov. Thomas, 128 
Huthmacher, J. JoscfA, 76, 179 
Hyde, Bryden Bordley, Sfe. M, S02 
Hyer, Tom, 282 
Hyman, Harold M., 20 

Iglehart, Martha, 50 
Imboden, John B., 155, 160 
Independent Reformer, 386 
Independent American Volunteer 

(Frederick newspaper) , 208 
Indian Bible, by [John] Eliot, 276 
Indian Spring Meeting, 34 
Indian Springs, Baltimore, 214 
Indo-American Congress on American 

History and Institutions, 264 
Ingle, Mary Pechin, 271 
" Inn of the Roadside," by Sachse, 401 
Inspectiag Houie Creek, 34 
Institute of Early American History 

and Culture, 191 
Intellectual Life in Jefferson's Virginia, 

1790-1813, by Richard Beale Davis, 


Inventory Books, 333-343 
Irish Brigade, 148 
Irving, Washington, 252 
Irving, Washington, Bracebridge Hall, 

Isaacs, Joseph, 102 

Isely, Bliss, The Horseman of the 
Shenandoah: A Biographical Ac- 
count of the Early Days of George 
Washington, 188 

Ives, U. M.], 282, 401 

Ivy Neck, Anne Arundel County, 46, 

Jackson, Abraham, 82 

Andrew, 73, 380 

Ann (Alment) , Mrs. Abraham, 82 
[Elihu E.], 104, 110, 113, 114, 117, 
118, 120 ff., 233, 234, 238, 239, 


Lloyd, 98, 120 

Gen. Thomas J., 159 
Jackson Association of Democratic Mer- 
chants, 98 
Jacobs, Mr., 120 

James, Rev. Mr., 12311., 130, 131 
Henry, 252 
William, 179 

" James' Meadows," Baltimore County, 

James River, 95, 96, 166 
James's Run, 214 
Jameson, Mr., 94 
B. A., 96 

Jamestown, Va., 84, 383 

Jefferson, Thomas, 46, 157, 182, 195, 

196, 198, 200, 201, 206, 208, 253 
The Jefjersonian Republicans in Power 
Party Operations, 1801-1809, by 
Noble E. Cunningham, Jr., 395 
Jcncks, Francis H., 352 if. 
Francis M., 354 
family, 352 
Jenkins, Gen. A. G., 159 

Patience, 186 
Jenkins' Run, 220, 229, 230 
Jenny (Negro) , 36 

Jensen, Arthur L., The Maritime Com- 
merce of Colonial Philadelphia, 188 

Jernegan, Marcus W., 337 

The Jesuit Missions of St. Mary's 
County, Maryland, by Edwin W. 
Beitzell, 276 

Jinnis, J. W., 94 

Joan (Negro) , 36 

"Job's Addition," 217, 220, 226, 230, 
232, 349, 361, 367 ff., 372, 373, 375, 

John C. Calhoun— Opportunist: A Re- 
appraisai, by Gerald M. Capers, re- 
viewed, 76-77 

John Clark (clipper ship) , 304 

John Clayton Pioneer of American 
Botany, by Edmund Berkeley and 
Dorothy Smith Berkeley, 263 

John J. Crittenden: The Struggle for 
the Union, by Albert D. Kirwan, 
188; reuiewed, 254-255 

John Pendleton Kennedy: Gentleman 
From Baltimore, by Cfiarles H. Boh- 
ner, reviewed, 175-176 

Johns, Bishop John, 50 

The Johns Hopkins Hospital and The 
Johns Hopkins University School of 
Medicine: A Chronicle, Vol. Ill, 
1903-1914, by Alan M. Chesney, 189 

Johns Hopkins University, 66, 71, 177, 
211, 221, 222, 293, 295, 393 

Johns Hopkins University School of 
Medicine, 189 

Johnson, Andrew, 8, 72, 96, 104, 258 
Col. Bradley T., 150 ff., 157 ff. 
Daisy (Gorman) , Mrs. R. A., 103, 

Edward, 225 

Mrs. George M., 191 



Ned, 148 

Mis. R. a., 103 

Reverdy, 22, 97, 182 

Richard, 115 

Mrs. Richard, 93 

Gov. Thomas, 327 
Johnston, George, 220 

Gen. Joseph E., 146 

Joshua, 351 

Rep. [Walter P.], 116 
Jonathan Boucher: The Mind of an 
American Lovaust, by Philip Evan- 
son, 123-136 
Jones, Mr., 104 

Andrew, 120 

David, 354, 355, 361 

Ed., 102 

Mrs. Howard, 302 
J. K., 106 
katherine M., 160 
Jones, Lewis C, " Everyday Art for 
Early Americans," 298 
Mary, 49 
Roseina, 49 
Sarah, 355, 358, 366 
Spencer, 104, 11311., 118 ff., 233, 

234, 237, 238, 243 
Gen. W. E., 147, 151, 154, 155 
William H., 311 
Jones's Falls, Rallimorc, 212, 213, 219, 

222, 225, 227, 229, 371 
Joseph Nichols and the Nicholites, by 
Kenneth Carroll, 81, 288; reviewed, 

Journal of Glass Studies, 398 
Julian, George W., 14, 17 
Junior League, 302 

Just South of Gettysburg, edited by 
Frederic Shriver Klein, reviewed, 187 

K Street, Washington, D.C., 102 

Kaessman, Beta, My Maryland, 302 
Kane, Harnett T., The Amazing Mrs. 

Bonaparte, 189; reviewed, 388-389 
Kauffman, Carl, 162 
Reams, R., 105 

Keefer, Lubov, Baltimore's Music, 81, 
288; reviewed, 176-178 

Keiffer, Elizabeth, Baptismal Records 
of Apples Church, 395 

Kelley, Gen. Benjamin Franklin, 160 

Kelly, Florence, 273, 278-279, 285 
J. Reaaey, 86 

Kfxlv, J. REANEY, Cedar Park, Its 
People and Its History, 30-53 

Kelly, J. Reaney, Quakers in the Found- 
ing of Anne Arundel County, Mary- 
land, reviewed, S81-382 

Kendall Baad, Baltimore City, SS5 
Kenna, Mr., 119 
Kennedy, Mr., 400 
Anthony, 251 

John Pendleton, 175-176, 251, 389 
Kennedy, John Pendleton, Swallow 

Barn, reviewed, 180 
Louise v., 310 
Kennedy Fund, Maryland Historical 

Society, 286 
" Kennels " Baltimore, 226 
" Kensington," Baltimore County, 352 
Kent, Adeline, 49 
Kent County, SS&, 380 
Kent Island, 43 

Kent Monthly Meeting of Quakers, 328 
Kent School, 305 
Kenyon College, 4 

Kemwood, Baltimore City, 211, 217, 

Kerr, Ann, 49 

Kerr, Robert, " Planning for the Fu- 
ture of Annapolis," 302 
Kersey, Mr., 186 

Keswick Read, Mtiaaoie, 3S7, 359 
Key, FralMag Sestt, 2<M 
Philip Barton, W6 
Keysw, «. trvlHg, II, "GarSens and 
Houses of the Emerald Isle," 300 
Mrs. H. Irving, II, 306 
Keyser Memorial Building, Maryland 
Historical Society, 171-172, 267, 270, 

Kilbourne, John D., 269, 273, 278, 284, 

285, 291, 401 
" Kindred with the Gii^ham foaaily," 

pseud., 201 
King, Henry, 196 
Rufns, 288 
Willard L., 2, 19 
Kinnard, Mrs. Clark, 84 
Kinnersley, Ebenezer, 63, 64 
Kirk, Russell, 132 

Kirkpatrick, Judge William H., 52 

Mrs. William H., 52 
Kirkwood family, 275 
Kirwan, Albert D., John J. Crittenden: 

The Struggle for the Union, 188; 

reviewed, 254-255 
Klein, Frederic Shriver, editor, Just 

South of Gettysbiar-g, reviewed, 187 
Klein, Frederic Siriver, " Problems of 

{■seservin^ sm Historic Site by Private 

Effort," SOS 
Klein, Philip Shriver, President James 

Buchanan: A Biography, reviewed, 


Knapp, William C, 304 



Knight, Eliza (Twist) , Mrs. Ignatius, 

Ignatius, 399 
Lawrence, 399 
Lloyd, 399 
Knighton, Mary, 34 

Knights of Columbus hut, Washitigton, 

D.C., 315, 318 
Knighton, Elizabeth, 34 
Knit, R. O., 94 

Knott, Ellen (Clarke) , Mrs. Francis, 
Francis, 399 

Knox, William, 125, 138, 134 

Knoxville, Tenn., 310 

Koeppel, AA%di, editor, New Discovery 
From British Archives on The 1765 
Tax Stamps for America, 395 

Koger, A. Briscoe, 29 

Kohn, Mrs. Walter W., 271 

Kolodny, Mrs. Joseph, 271 

Kranz, Marvin W., 392 

Krebs, Mr., 50 

Kuhn, J. E., 271 

Kyle, Anne E., Mrs. Samuel A. S., 358, 

Mrs. George H., 359 
Samuel A. S., 358, 359 
family, 358, 359 

L Street, Washington, B.C., 317, 321 
Larabee, Leonard W., 123, 128, 131, 132 
" Lace, The Queen of Fabrics," by 

Grace L. Rogers, 299 
Lacy Springs, Va., 147 
Lady of the Lake (steamer) , 166 
La Farge, John, 252 
Lafayette, [Marquis de], 253 
Lafayette Avenue, Baltimore, 139 
Lake Avenue, Baltimore, 213, 214, 226, 


Lake Placid. N. Y., 365 
Lamb, Mr., 119, 236 
Lambert, Bessie (Gorman) , Mrs. W. J., 

John R., Jr., 192 
Lambert, John R., Jr., The Autobio- 
graphical Writings of Senator Arthur 
Pue Gorman, 93-122, 233-246 
W. J., 103 
Lamon, Ward Hill, 251 
Lamont, Mr., 109 

Col. D. S., 105, 111 
Lamont Avenue,, Baltimore, 228 
Lanahan, Thomas M., 97, 98 
Lancastar, Sam, 167 
Lancaster, Pa., 72 
Lancaster County, Va., 346 

Land, Aubrey C, 258, 293, 402 
The London Carter Papers in the Uni- 
versity of Virginia Library: A Cal- 
endar and Biographical Sketch, by 
Walter Ray Wineman, reviewed, 78- 

" Lands End," Anne Arundel County, 

Landstreet, A. C, 145 

Edward, 138, 145, 146 
Lane, Gov. [Henry Smith], of Indiana, 

Langdon, Robert M., 271 
Lansboru, F. G., 105 
" Larking HiUs," Aiwie Arundel Coun- 
ty, S82 
Lamer, Gorman, 118 

R. M., 113, 244 

Robert, 105, 118, 243 
Laslett, Peter, 129, 130 
Latrobe, Benjamin H., 266, 272, 294, 

Ferdinand Claiborne, 98 
John H. B., 51, 286 
Latrobe Papers, Maryland Historical 

Society, 89 
Launay, P., 355 
Launitz, Robert E., 264 
Laurel, Prince George's County, 93, 

101, 264 
Lawrence, Benjamin, 30, 33 11. 
Benjamin, Jr., 33 
Elizabeth (Talbott) , Mrs. Ben- 
jamin, 33 
Layton Genealogical Collection, 281 
Laytons Ferry, Va., 143, 144 
The Leaven of Democracy, edited by 

Clement Eaton, 396 
LeCorapte, Antoine, 82 
" The LeCon^tes. A Histoty of the 
Family of Monsieur Aaitoime Le- 
Compte and His Descendants from 
the First Settlement in Dorchester 
County in 1659," by Earl Hearn, 82 
Lecompton Constitution, 6 
Lee, Charles Robert, Jr., The Con- 
federate Constitutions, 263 
Edmund J., 159-160 
Elizabeth, 353 
Fitzhugh, 152, 153 
Frances, 49 

Henrietta Bedinger, Mrs. Edmund 

J., 160 
Ida Johnson, 347 
Gen. Henry, 56 ff. 
Richard Henry, 143 
Robert E., 56, 143. 150, 152, 153, 

158, 160, 167. 168. 250, 274 



Leesburg, Va., 50 
Leetown, Va., 155 
LeGore, G. Thompson, 187 
Legum, Mrs. Leslie, 271 
Leland, Charles Godfrey, 252 
Lemay, J. A. Leo, 64 
Lconardtawn, St. Mary's County, 25, 

Levering Hall, Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity, 211 
Levy, Lester S., 178, 262 
Lewis, Sen. [David J.], 116, 119, 120 
Lexington Street, Baltimore, 163 
Liberia, 283 
Liberty League, 76 
Liberty Road, 157 

Library Company of Baltimore, 276, 

Library Company of Philadelphia, 188, 

Lillian, Va., 271 

Liliuokalani, Oucen of Hawaii, 243 
Lincoln, Abraham, I ff., 9, 10, 12, 20, 

22 ff., 95, 166 ff., 250, 251, 258, 259 
Lind, Jenny, 177 
Lindslcy, Dr., 51 
Lingan, Gen. James, 56 ff. 
" Linkwood," Baltimore City, 216, 354 
Linthicum, Abner, 374 
Linthicum, Rep. [J. Charles], 116 
Mary, 361, 375 ff. 

Mary (Bryan) , Mrs. Abner, 374, 

Solon, 372 
Lippmann, Walter, 179 
Little Big Horn, Battle of, 154 
Little Britain Ridge, 227, 230 
Little Brittain, 229 
Litterlouna, Carroll, 287 
Livingston, William, 386 
Lloyd, Ellen, 49 

Edward, II, 67 ff. 

Philemon, 68 

Richard, 69 

Sarah (Covington) , Mrs. Edward, 
II, 67 

family, 68 
Locke, John, 128, 129 
Lockwood, Elizabeth, 34 
Lodge, Sen. [Henry Cabot], of Massa- 
chusetts, 117, 239 
Lomax, Lt. Col. Lunsford, 147, 158 
Lombardi, Thomas, 284, 285 
Londontowne, 21 
Long, Alexander, 10 

James, 372 

Robert Gary, 369, 370 
Longview, Texas, 309 

Long Green, Baltimore, 218 
Long Green Run, Baltimore, 218 
Long Island Point, 230 
Long Meadow, Washington County, 42 
Lord, Mrs. Forrest W., 273, 278, 284, 

" Lord Baltimore's Hunt^lg Lodge," 

The Lords Baltimore, by Nan Hayden 
Agle and Frances Atchinson Bacon, 
81; reviewed, 79 

Loree, Pres., of B. & O. R.R., 110, 111, 

Lothian, Anne Arundel County, 53 
"Louis McLane of Bohemia, 1784- 

1857," by John A. Munroe, 299 
Louisa County, Va., 83 
LouisviHe, Ky., 96, 104 
Louisville & Nsdiville Railroad, 96 
Louisville JkUly Journal (newspaper) , 


Lovell, Mr., 104 
Lowe family, 264 

" Lowe of Denby, County Derby, Eng- 
land, and Maryland," by G. Rodney 
Crowther, III, 82 

Lowell, Percival, 252, 253 

I^ower Marlboro, 25 

Lowndes, Lloyd, 99 

Lowry, William, 361 

Loyola College, 211, 217, 372, 399 

Lucas, Mrs. Harry (Merryman) , 348 

Lucille, Robert, 339 

Lunatic Asylum at Spring Grove, Mary- 
land (print) , 289 

Luquer, Thatcher T. P., 57, 59, 61 

Lusby, Miss, 363 

Luthin, Reinhard, 3 

Lux, Mrs., 350 

Col. Darby, 349, 350, 368, 373 
Rachel, 356 

Rachel (Ridgely) , Mrs. Darby, 349 

William, 64, 373 

family, 349, 350, 353 
Lyell, William, 227 
Lyliendale, 221, 345 
Lynn, John, 208 

Lyon Genealogical Collection, 281 

McAllister, James A., Jr., 281, 282 
McAllister, James A., Jr., compiler, 
Abstracts from the Land Records of 
Dorchester County, Md., 288 
McCarran, Senator, 105, 119 
McCarthy, Charles H., 1 1 
McCausland, Gen. John, 159 ff. 
McClellan, Mr., Ill 

Gen. George B., 96, 97 

INDEX 425 

McComas, [Louis E.], 110, 116, 241, 

242, 244 

McCormick, Ann Elizabeth (Cottman) , 
Mrs. John P., 351 
Elizabeth Ann, 353 
Esther Hough (Cottman) , Mrs. 

William L., 351, 3.52 
James, 351, 352 
James, Jr., 349 
James L., 352 
John P., 352 
John Pleasants, 351, 353 
Rachel (Lux) , Mrs. James, Jr., 

349, 351 
Thomas P., 353 
William Lux, 351, 352 
family, 350 ff. 
McCreary, George W., 228 
McCreery, William, 196 
McCulloch, James, 208 
McCuUoh Street, Baltimore, 139 
McDermott, John Francis, editor. The 
Western Journals of Dr. George 
Hunter, 1796-1806, 263 
[McEnery] McEndy, Sen. [Samuel D.l, 

McGrath, F. Sims, 276 
McGraw, Mr., 119 
McHenry, James, 197 

James Howard, 157 

Sarah Nicholas (Gary) , Mrs. James 
Howard, 157 
Mcintosh, David G., 353 
McKeldin, Theodore R., 301 
McKelway, St. Clair, 112 
McKim, Alexander, 205, 206 
McKinley, Williaan, 99, 103 
MdCitricfc, Eric L., 18 
McKnew, Dr. Wilberforce Richmond, 

McLaine, Julia, 49 

Mary, 49 
McLane, Louis, 299 
McLean, John R., 195, 106, 110, 112, 

113, 118, 241 
McMaster, Richard, S. J., 190 
McMechen, David, 222, 345 
McNeill, Capt. John H., 147 
McNulty, Lt. John R., 161 
McSherry, Judge James, 113, 114 
McTavish famfly, 287 
Macubin, Matilda, 49 
McVey, Wayne, 235 

M Street, Washington, D.C., 321 
The Ma if Pa: A History of the Mary- 
land if Pennsylvania, by George N. 
Hilton, 263 

Ma & Pa Railroad, 390 

Mack, Mr., 119 

Macklin, Mr., 110 

Mackory, Charles, 336 

Macnamara, Thomas, 227 

Macomber, Walter M., " The Restora- 
tion of Old Houses in Virginia and 
Maryland," 300 

Madison, James, 56, 182, 201, 202, 208 

Maffitt, Miss, 50 

Magnus Lunatic Asylum at Spring 
Grove, Maryland, (print) , 289 

Mahool, John B., Jr., 173 

Mahool, John B., Jr., " Genealogy and 
Biography of the Descendants of 
Abraham Jackson of Fell's Point, 
Maryland, and His Wife Ann Al- 
ment Jackson," 82 

Mahon, J. J., 98, 104, 114, 241 

Malakis, Marion, 273, 274, 279 

Malcolm, Alexander, 66 
James, 376, 377 
Janet (Bell) , Mrs. Peter, 377 
Peter, 377 
Rachel C, 377 

Mallery, Rev. Charles Payson, 220 

Mallory, Sen. [Stephen R., of Georgia], 
106, 107, 240 

Mammoth Cave, 96 

Manakec, Harold R., 29, 150, 172, 187, 
268, 270, 301, 401 

Manakce, Harold R., Maryland in the 
Civil War, 293, 302 

Manassas, Va., 96 

Manifest Destiny and Mission in Ameri- 
can History: A Reinterpretation, by 
Frederick Merk, 188 

Mankin, Henry, 231 

Mankin's Run, 221 

Manning, Daniel, 240 

Manville, Mrs. Leo, 399 

March, Peyton C, 317 

Marcy (Negro) , 36 

Marcy, Gen. William L., 96 

Maria (Negro) , 36 

Mariners Museum, 304 

Afart'on (bark), 305 

The Maritime Commerce of Colonial 
Philadelphia, by Arthur L. Jensen, 

Market Street, Broadway, 228 
Marlborough, England, 33 
Marlborough, Stafford Co., Va., 46, 47 
Marma Foundation, 271 
Marquette University, 402 
Marriott, Arthur Lee, 113, 244 
Marshall, Lt. Col. Thomas, 147 
Martein, William A., 355, 358 



Martin, H. Newell, 144 

Hetty (Gary) Pegram, Mrs. H. 

Newell, 144 
John, 361 
Sally, 49 

Sen. [Thomas S.], 235 
Martinsburg, W. Va., 159 
Marty, Malcolm, 355 

Mary L. (tug), 304 

Marye, William B., 265 

Mar YE, William B., Baltimore City 
Place Names: Stony Run, Its Plan- 
tations, Farms, Mills, Country Seats, 
and Mills, 211-232, 344-377 

Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad, 
214, 263, 358, 360, 390 

Maryland Avenue, Baltimore, 218 

Maryland Casualty Company, 211 

Maryland Civil War Centennial Com- 
mission, 268 

Maryland Colonization Society, 283, 

Maryland Federation of Music Clubs, 


Maryland Gazette (Annapolis news- 
paper) , 44, 46, 63 fF., 133, 198 
Maryland Heritage Award, 308 
Maryland Historical Magazine, 279, 282 
Maryland Historical Seminar, 191-192 
Maryland Historical Society, 66, 70, 85, 
93, 138, 171, 177, 223, 306, 308, 369, 
370, 397 

Maryland Historical Sochity Report 

OT THE Treasurer for the Year, 

1962, 87-91 
Maryland Historical Society Tbike- 

Year Report 1960 to 1962 Inclusive, 


Maryland Historical Trust, 302 
Maryland Historical Trust and Balti- 
more Heritage, 266 
Maryland History Notes, 266, 276, 277, 

Maryland in the Civil War, by Harold 

R. Manakee, 293, 302 
Maryland Journal (newspaper) , 178, 

222, 228 

Maryland Journal and Baltimore Ad- 
vertiser (newspaper) , 44 

Maryland Line, 151, 153, 155, 158 

" Maryland, My Maryland," song, 177 

Maryland Pilots AssociatiMi, 305 

Maryland Record, 107 

Maryland State Society, Daughters of 
the American Revolution, 281 

Mason, George, 191 
Thomas. 335 

Massachusetts Historical Society, 303 
Massey, George Valentine, II, 70, 186 
Mathias Point, 95 
Mattheiss, Theodore H., 181 
Maulsby, Gen. Israel D., 378-380 
May, W. H., 103 

Maynadier, Alice L., Mrs. Jeremiah, 

Jeremiah, 358 
Meade, Gen. George G., 95, 187 
Meadows, James, 227 
Mears, Thomas, 33 

Medical College of Washington, D.C., 

Melrose Avenue, Baltimore, 213 
Memoir of Miss Margaret Mercer, by 

Caspar Morris, 48 ff. 
Menzies, John T., 301 
Mercer, Ella W., 52 

George Douglas, 48 

John, 57, 48 

John Francis, 44, 46 K. 

Margaret, 47 ff. 

Mary M., S6 

Mary Scott (Swan«) , Mrs. J^», 

Richard S., 52 

Sophia (Sprigg) , Mrs. John Fran- 
cis, 44 ff. 
Thomas Swann, 52 
Wilson, 48 
Wilson C, 53 
family, 30 
Merchant SaH, by William Armstrong 

Fairbum, 184 
Merchants' line, 305 
Meredith, Jonathan, 54, 55, 61 
Merk, Frederick, Manijest Destiny and 
Mission in American History: A 
Reappraisal, 188 
Merrick, Robert G., 293 
Merrill, Mrs. Frank H.. 274 
Merritt, Elizabeth, 273, 278, 280, 284, 

Merryman, Dr., 348 
Mrs. C, 348 

Charles, 219, 226, 230, 231, 344, 

Capt. Charles, 346, 347 
Charles, Sr., 348 
Charles, Jr., 348, 366 
Eleanor, 231, 374 
Elijah, 222, 345 
J.. 348 
John, 347 
Jos., 348 
Joseph, 219, 347 
Lewis, 348 



N., 348 
O. p., 348 
Richard, 347 
William, 348 
" Merryman's Addition," Bskimore, 
230, 231 

" Merrynara's H^imiiBm'' iBHltintore 
City, 219, 230, 348f, 381, 388 

Merryman's Lane, Baltimore, 213, 230, 

" Merryman's Lott," 221, 226, 344 ff. 
" Merryman's Pasture," Baltimore, 22r) 
Merryman's Run, 221 
Messonier, Henry, 225 
Metcalt, Jane, 49 
Mettam, Alice Barker, 170 
Allen, no 

Anna Marie (Bartley) , Mrs. 

Henry, 138, 170 
Anne Turner, 170 
Emma Landstreet, 170 
Mettam, Henry Clay, Civil War 
Memoirs of the First Maryland Cav- 
alry. C.S.A., 137-170 
James Smith, 170 
Joseph, 170 
Rev. Joseph, 137, 170 
Joshua Barlley, 170 
Judson Gary, 156. 169, 170 
Maria Jane (Cole) , Mrs. Judson 

C, 17e 
Matilda Whitely, 170 
Rttth, 81 

Ruth (Barker) , Mrs. Joseph, 157, 

Samuel Barker, 139, 156, 168 ff. 

Wilhelmina (Ford) , Mrs. Samuel 
B., 170 

William Laws, 170 
Mettam Memorial Church, 137 
Metzger, Charles H., S. J., Catholics 
and the American Revolution, re- 
viewed, 256-257 
Meyer, Rev. Paul E., 362, 364 
Meyer and Ayres, architects, 268, 306 
Micro Photo, Inc., 288 
Middleton, E. P., 173. 174 
Mile Run, 229 ff. 
Miles, Gen., 122 

Alonzo, 122 

Mrs. Clarence W., 271 
Hooper S., 293 

J. W., 97, 109, 112, 114, 118, 120, 
121, 233, 236, 241 
Miles Creek, 34 
Milford Station, Va., 144 
" Mill Fields," Anne Arundel County, 

" Mill Land," St. Mary's County, 214 
Mill Run, 220 
Millen, Ga., 500 

MiHer, Mr., m, 107, 117, 256, 

Asahel, 2«& 

Delilah (fcow^, Mrs. Jacob, 264 
Jacob, 264 
John C, 126 

Kisia, 265 

Samuel H., 152, 192 

Miller, Samuel H., editor. Civil War 
Memoirs of the First Maryland Cav- 
alry, C. S. A., by Henry Clay Mettam, 

Mills, Mr., 241 
Aquila, 196 

Milton, John, 123, 129 

Miner, Ward L., WiUiam GoMard, 
Newspaperman, 8S8; reviewed, 178 

Minge, Marcia, 49 
Sally, 49 

Miran, Robert, 102 

Miranda, Francisco de, .396 

Mish, Mrs. Frank W., Jr., 308 

Mississippi River, 96 

Mitgang, Herbert, 2 

Mitre and Sceptre: Transatlantic 
Faiths, Ideas, Personalities, and Poli- 
tics, by Carl Bridenbaugh, reviewed, 

Moale, SaiBiiel, 546 

Mobile Bay, Alabama, 388 

Monday (Negro) , 36 

Money, Sen. [Hernando D.) , of Mis- 
sissippi, 237 

U. S. S. Monitor (ship) , 305 

Monocacy, Battle of, 25, 95 

Monocacy Valley, 155 

Monroe, Pres. James, 47, 194, 202 

" Montevideo," Baltimore County, 213 

Montgomery, Mrs., 240 
John, 196, 210 

Montgomery County, 26, 99, 120 

Montevista, 344 

" Montross," Baltimore City, 376 
Montross, Va., 143 
Moody, Mr., 243 
Moore, Mr., 142 

Mordecai, 34 

Nicholas, 106, 205, 206 
Moore's Hotel, Leonardtown, 142, 144 
Moorefield Valley, W. Va., 148, 161 
Moran, William L., Jr., 102 
Morgan, Daniel, 185 

Heiwy. 215, 371, 372 

J. P., 245 



Sen. [John T.], of Alabama, 106, 

107, 114, 115, 117, 120 
Capt. Thomas, 226 
Morgan State College, 283 
" Morgan's Delight," Baltimore City, 

217, 218, 225 fE.. 229 
Mariarty, Stephen F., 238 
Moi*bn, Samuel filiot, 70 
Morison, Samuel Eliot, History of 
United States Naval Operations in 
World War II, 387 
Morrill, Justin, 14 

Morris, Caspar, Memoir of Miss Mar- 
garet Mercer, 48 ft. 
Morris, George Maurice, " The Rena- 
scence of the Lindois," 299 
Josephine C, 290 
Morrison, J. Frank, 98 
Morse Genealogical Collection, 281 
Mortsft, [Levi P.], 112 
" Mount Airy," Battimoie City, 349 
Mount Claire, Bmhimore, 166, 272 
"Mount Pleasant," Baltimore, 219 ff., 

231, 232, 352, 362 
Mount Royal, 220, 222, 226, 231 
Mount Sorrel, England, 137, 170 
Mt. Vernon, Va., 46, 47, 260, 261 
Mount Vernon Ladies' Association, 260 
Mount Vernon Place, Baltimore, 171 
Mr. Lincoln's Navy, by Richard S. 

West, 387 
Mudd, [Sydney E.], 110, 241 
Muddy Creek, Anne Arundel County, 

Mudge, Jean McClure, Chinese Export 
Porcelain For the American Trade, 

1785-1835, 81 
Muirkirk, 275 

MuUer, Charles G., The Darkest Day: 
1814 — The Washington-Baltimore 
Campaign, 189; reviewed, 389 
Mulligan, James Adelbert, 148, 155 
MuUiken, James, 300 
Mulliken, James C, A History of the 
Easton Volunteer Fire Department, 
188; reviewed, 262 
Kent R., 302 
Mullikin, Ann, 49 

Ellen, 49 
Mullin, Mr., 119, 120 
Munday, Widow, 151 
Munroe, John A., "Louis McLane of 

Bohemia, 1784-1857," 299 
Murray, Anne Cheston, 30 
E. Churchill, 30, 52 
Mrs. E. Churchill, 52 
Francina Henrietta (Cheston), Mrs. 
James H., 53 

James, 226, 229 

Dr. James H., 52, 53 

Kitty, 49 

O. G., Ill, 113, 118 

family, 31 
Murphy, Mr., Ill 

Edward, Jr., 119 
Murty, Stephen, 214 
Museum of Fine Arts, Bostoa, 272 
My First 80 Years, by Clarence Foe, 3^ 
My Maryland, by Beta Kaessman, 302 
My Travels in America, by Henri Herz, 
188, 263 

Mystic Seaport Museum, Conn., 304 

N Street, Washington, D. C, S19 

Nanny (Negro) , 36 

Nashville, Tenn., 96 

Natchez Free Trader (newspaper) , 7 

Nation (magazine) , 19 

The Nation Transformed, edited by 
Sigmund Bjanomi, 396 

National Association for the Advance- 
ment of Colored People, 314, 318 

The National Freedman, 190 

National Freedmen's Relief Associa- 
tion, 190 

National Gallery of Art, 272 

National Society of Colonial Dames of 
Maryland, 83, 397 

National Trust for Historic Preserva- 
tion, 300 

The National Union Catalog of Manu- 
script Collections, compiled by the 
U.S. Library of Congress, 288 

" A Native," pseud., 199 

Naval Historical Society, 272 

Naval Hospital, Washington, D. C, 319 

Naval Hospital and Cemetery, An- 
napolis, 43 

Neal, Mr., 119 

Nedd (Negro), 36 

Negro Troops in Maryland, Recruit- 
ment of, 20-29 
Nelker, Adam H., 376 
Nelson, Mr., 114 

John, 286 

Sen. [Knute], 122 

Mary (Moal) , Mrs. Nathan G., 265 

Nathan G., 265 

Roger, 196, 207, 210 
Nevins, Allan, 70 

Nevins, Allan, The Ordeal of the 

Union, 255 
New Bremen Glass Manufactory, 397- 


New Creek, 160, 163 

The New Democracy in America, 



Travels of Francisco de Miranda in 
the United States, 1783-84, translated 
by Judson P. Wood, and edked by 
John S. Ezell, 396 
New Discovery from British Archives 
on The 1765 Tax Stamps for 
'Amgrkt^ ctUted by Adolph Koepp^, 

New Haven Migtorkal Soctety, 30$, '805 
New Hope Church, Battle of, 155 
New Jersey Historical Society, 303 
" New Light on Sir Walter Ralei^," 

by A. L. Rouse, 300 
New Windsor, 156 
New York, 11, 54, 60, 61, 134, 287 
New York Age (newspaper) , 313, 318 
New York Avenue, Washington, D.C., 


New York Historical Society, 303 
New York Illustrated Times, 282 
New York Navy Yard, 159 
New York State Historical Association, 

New York Times (newspaper) , 3, 5, 6, 

12, 16, 19, 809, 389 
Newark, N.J., 11 

Newlands, Sen. [Francis G.], of Nevada, 
106 ft., 235, 236 

Newman, Harry Wright, The Flower- 
ing of the Maryland Palatinate, 288 

Newport News, Va., 146 

News (Baltimore newspaper) , 97, 98 

Nicholas, Wilson Gary. 158, 198, 208 

Nicholites, 181 

Nichols, Frederick D., 299 

Nichols, Joseph, 181, 288 

Nichols, [R. F.], Disruption of Ameri- 
can Democracy, 73 

Nicholson, Lt. John, 199 
Joseph, 194 

Nicolay, John, 9 

Ninth Street, Washington, D.C., 316, 

319, 321 
Nixon, George F., 390 
"Nobody," pseud., 16 
Norfolk, Va., 137 
Norris, James L., 103, 118 

Waiter B., 62, 70 
North American (newspaper) , 204, 205 
North Anna River, 152 
North Avenue, Baltimore, 229, 230, 


North Branch, 280 

North Carolina Department of Archives 

and History, 400 
North Carolina State College, 192 
North Liberty Street, Baltimore, 401 
North Pennsylvania Railroad, 262 

North Point, Battle of, 378 

North River, Va., 150 

Northeast Museums Conference, 303 

Northern Central Division of Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad, 213 

" Northampton," Baltimore City, 349 

Northwest Branch of Patapsco River, 
227, 229, 230 

Ikfmsten, Paul, 303 

Notes and Queries, 82, 190, 264, 397 

N«tre Dame College, 211, 215, 299, 
265, 2»3, 375, 377 

Notre Dame Convent and School, Bal- 
timore, 370-376 

Notre Dame Lane, 226, 362, 375, 376 

Notre Dame School, Baltimore, 361 

November, S. Bernard, 292 

Nugent, Nell Marion, 347 

Oak Grove, Laurel, 264 

Oakdale Road, Baltimore, 359 

" Oakhampton," Baltimore City, 349 

" Oakland," Baltimore City, 355 

Oakland, Garrett County, 160, 236 

Ober, Hambleton, 366 

O'Brien, Turlo, 372 
W. H., 118 
family, 370 

" Observer," pseud., 250 

Ocean City, 97 

O'Conor, Mrs., 50 

Offit, Dan., 236 

Ogle, Gov. Samuel, 69 
family, 68 

Oiltown, 147 

Old Bay Line, 287 

Old Dominion Iron Works, 304 

The Old Line State, A History of 
Maryland, 192 

Old Manors in the Colony of Mary- 
land, by Annie Leakin Sioussat, 277 

Old Maryland Families, by Henrietta 
E. Bromwell, 396 

Old Quaker Burying Ground, 30, 41, 

" Old Quaker Burying Ground," by J. 

Reaney Kelly, 86 
Old Town, 160 
Old York Road, 226, 228, 229 
Oldfield, Granville S., 361 
Oldham, Major Edward, 221 

family, 222 
Oliver, Lucy, 49 
Oliver Point, 363 
Olney, [Richard], 117 
Omaha, Nebr., 310 
The Opinion of Maryland on the 

Emancipation Proclamation: Ber- 



NAL TO Russell, Sept. 23, 1862, by 
Charles L. Wagandt, 250-252 
Orchard Fields, Anne Arundel County, 


" The Orchards," Baltimore, 216 
The Ordeal of Mark Twain, 252 
The Ordeal of itWon,: •'k^ Allan 

Nevins, 255 
Organ Historical S«^ty «C Agaeri^, 


Orphans' Home, Baltimore, 361 ff., 366, 
375, 377 

Orr, Gertrude, and Torbert, Alice 
Coyle, Guide to Old Georgetown, 81 
Osborne, William S., 180 
Ould, Col. Robert, 166 
Oulton, John, 227, 229, 230 
Oursler, Charles, 191 

Enoch, 191 

Lafayette, 190-191 

Marston, 191 

M«rtin, 194 

Rufus, 191 

family, 190 
Ottawa, 111., 265 
Overmyer, Grace, 86 
OvERMYER, Grace, The Baltimore Mobs 

and John Howard Payne, 54-61 
Owen, Agnes, 49 

Mrs. Julia, 305 

Kennedy, 305 
Owens, Hamilton, 191-192, 293 
Owings, John H., 102 
Owings' Mills, 157, 158, 280 
Oxford, Talbot County, 2S, 82 

Paca, Gov. William, 271, 327 

Paca Street, Baltimore, 168 

Packard, Elizabeth, 307 

Page, Anne, 49 

Pages, Mary, 49 

Painter's Farm, 157 

Pamunkey River, Va., 150 

Pancake, John, 197, 199 

The Papers of John C. Calhoun, Vol- 
ume U, 1817-1818, edited by W. Ed- 
win Hemphill, 188 

Papers of William Patterson of Balti- 
more, 1777-m!, by W. Hall Harris, 
Jr.. 275 

Papers of the Continental Congress: 
Maryland and Delaware State Papers, 

" Parade of the Fifth Maryland Regi- 
ment, ca. 1871," painting, 272 

Paradise Farm, 352 £E., 372 

Paradise Mill, Baltimore City, 218, 
350, 352, 360, 372 

Park Avenue, Baltimore, 268 

Park Lane, Baltimore, 357 

Parker, Alton B., 105, 111, 112, 119 

Dudrea, Mrs. Sumner, 82 

George, 338 

Sumner, 82 
Parker Geneal^ical Award for 1962, 

^^sMMfemM)" Awae Arundel County, 

Parlett, Frank, 102 

Parr, H. A., 98 ff. 

Parrington, Vernon Louis, 124, 130 

Patapsco Falls, 399 

Patapsco Lower Hundred, Baltimore 
County, 217, 345, 347, 350, 369, 371 
Patapsco Neck, Baltimore County, 229, 


Patapsco River, 139, 211, 227, 277 

Patience (Negro) , 36 

Patriarcha, by Sir Robert Fihner, 128 ff. 

Patterson, John, 327 

Sen. [Thomas J.], 236, 237, 2«) 
William, 198, 208, 209, 275 

Patti, Adelina, 177 

Paul, Mrs. D'Arcy, 366 

J. Oilman D'Arcy, 176, 215, 218, 

Payne, Col., 112 

John Howard, 54-61, 86 
Lucy, 59 

Thatcher Taylor, 61 
Peabod'y, George, 176 
Peabody Foundation, 223 
Peabody Institute, 176, 177 
Peabody Museum, Salem, Mass., 305, 

Peale, Charles Willson, 185 

Rembrandt, 55 

Titian R., 265 
Peale Museum, 191, 295 
Pearce, Mr., 109 

Mrs. John N., 300 
[Pearre] Paree, [George A.], 241 
Pease, Jane H., Pejise, William H., 

and. Black Utopias, 395 
Pease, Otis, editor. The Progressive 

Years, reviewed, 179 
Pease, William H., and Pease, Jane H., 

Black Utopias, 395 
Pechin, WilUam, 204 
Peckett, George, 227 
Pegram, Gen. John, U.S.A., 144 
Penney, Henry, 228 
Penniman, Abbott L., Jr., 268, 306 
Pennington, Senator, 234 

William, 6, 7, 9, 16 
Pennsylvania, Avenue, Baltimore, 168 



Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, 

D. C, 315 ff. 
Pennsylvania Chronicle (newspaper) , 


Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Asso- 
ciation, 190 
PeniMylvanM 'HipleTieai Sof^ef, 303 
Pennsylvania KailToad, 110, 21 S, 240, 


Pennsylvania State University, 86 

Penobscot Museum, 305 
Penobscot River, 212 
Penrose, Sen. [Boies], of Pennsylvania, 

" The People," pseud., 198 

Peoria, III., 265 

Perigo, Nathan, 327 

Ferine, David Mauldcn, 368, 369, 375 

Elias Glenn, 367 ff. 

Maulden, 368 

Washington, 214, 219, 369, 370 
family, 367-370 

Pericins, Sen. [Clarence W.], 116 
Senator [George C], 237, 242 

Perrot, Paul N., 398 

Pershing, John J., 178 

Personal Estates in Maryland, Value 
of, 333-343 

Peters, Senator, 109 

Petersburg, Va., 29, 95 

Philadelphia, Pa., 11, 48, 51, 63, 64, 
287, 363 

PhilskdeliAia, CwUege of, ISO 

"Philadelphia Furniture and Wood- 
work," by Robert C. Smith, 299 

Philadelphia, Library Company of, 261 

Philadelphia Maritime Museum, 305 

Philippi, W.Va., 160 

Phill (Negro) , 36 

Phoenix, 380 

Pickering, Judge [Timothy], 182 
Piedmont, Battle of, 155 
Pierce, Franklin, 4 

Pikesville, Baltimore County, 137, 157, 
168 ff. 

Pilgrims" Hall, Plymouth, Mass., 304 
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, 11, 208 

William, 194 
Pinkney, William, 182 
Pipe Creek, 187 
Pittis, Sen., 115 
Pittsburgh, Pa., 11 

" Planning for the Future of Annapolis, 

by Robert Kerr, 302 
Piatt, Charles Adams, 366 

Sen. [Orville H.], of Connecticut, 

" Pleasant Plains," Baltimoie City, S76 

Pleasants, Ellen, 305 

J. Hall, 349, 351 
Plumer, William, 181, 182 
Poe, Clarence, My First SO Years, 395 

David, 55 

Edgar Allan, 54, 55, 176 

Elizabeth, 54 

Ferdinand C, 102 

J. P., 104, 106, lis, 115, 117 

Sam, 35 

Point Lane, Baltimore, 228 ff. 

Point Lookout, 158 

Point Road, Baltimore, 228, 230 

Polo, J. R., 207 

Poll, Norma C, 399 

Polish National Alliance, 74 

Polish Roman Catholic Union, 74 

" Fellies of Crises: The Maryland Elec- 
tions of 1788-89," by Dorothy Brown, 

Pollack, Normaa, Freidel, Frank, and, 
editors. Builders of American Insti- 
tutions: Readings in United States 
History, 263 

Pollard's Farm, Battle of, 153 

Polypharmacus, Theophilus, M. D., 
pseud., 64 

Pompey (Indian) , 343 

Pomunkey River, 152 

Pond, Mrs. E. H., 279, 285 

Po©le, C. Frank, 228 

PoolMville, Montgomery County, 159 

Pope, Gen. [John], 97 

"PapkiT Hil," Baltimore, 225, 226, 

" Poplar Knowle," Anne Arundel 

County, 32 
Port Royal, Va., 125 
Porter, Commodore David, 166 
Porter, Fiu-John, 97 
Pory, John, 335 
Posey, Charles, 399 

Elizabeth (Knott) , 399 

Margaret (Currie) , Mrs. Walbeit, 

Walbert, 390 
Pbsner, Etittt, 400 
Potap«c9 Old Church, 228 
Potomac Mills, Va., 143 
Potomac River, 47, 95, 142, 159, 167, 
320, 365 

Potomac Squire: The Human Side of 
George Washington, by Elswyth 
Thane, 189; reviewed, 260-261 

Ponder, G. H., 306 

Poultney, Samuel, 305 
Thomas, 349 

Pound, Ezra, 253 



Powell, Right Rev. Noble C, 347 
Pratt, [Julius], 77 

house, Maryland Historical Society, 

Pratt Street, Baltimore, 299 
Prjdictions of a Civil War: 1892, by 

William S. Wilson, 378-380 
Prelude to Yorktown: The Southern 
Campaign of Nathaniel Greene, 1780- 
81, by M. F. Treacy, 395 
Prentice, George Denison, 7 
Prerogative Court, 333, 335 
Presbury, George G., 360, 364 

George Gouldsmith, Jr., 358 If., 

363, 364 
George Gouldsmith, III, 363 
Louisa, Mrs. George G., 359 
Sarah (Howard) , Mrs. George G., 

Ill, m 
family, 364 
President James Buchanan: A Biogr- 
raphy, by Philip Shriver Klein, re- 
viewed, 72-73 
President Warfield (steamer) , 305 
Price, Billy, 167 
Sterling, 146 
Princeton University, 130, 284 
Prince George's County, 101 
Principio Company, 225, 373 
"Problems o£ Preserving an Historic 
Site by Private Effort," by Frederic 
Shriver Klein, 303 
Proceedings of the Maryland Court of 
Appeals, edited by Carroll T. Bond, 

The Progressive Years, edited by Otis 
Pease, reviewed, 179 

Prohibition in the Progressive Move- 
ment: 1900-1920, by James H. Tim- 
berlake, reviewed, 182-183 

Prospect Avenue, Baltimore, 358 

Providence County, 381 

Provincial Court, 293 

Prouincitd Gazette (newspaper) , 178 

Pulaski Monument, Savannah, Ga., 264 

Pullen, Thomas G., Jr., 301 

Puritan Protagonist: President Thomas 
Clap of Yale College, by Louis Leon- 
ard Tucker, reviewed, 384-385 

Quakers in the Founding of Anne 
Arundel County, Maryland, by J. 
Reaney Kelly, 86, reviewed, 381-382 

Quantico, Va., 320 

Quebec, Canada, 185 

Quebec Act, 256 

Queen Anne's County Historical So- 
ciety, 302 

Queen Anne's County Maryland Marri- 
age Licenses, 1817-1858, compiled by 
Raymond B. Clark and Sara Seth 
Clark, 395 
Queen Anne's Parish, Annapolis, 126 
Queens College, Flushing, N. Y., 402 
Queenstown, Queen Anne's County, 25 
Quincy, Mr., Ill 
Quinn, John, 98 

Skinner, 147, 151, 157 

Raddiffe, George L., 269 , 500, 301 
Radoff, Morris L., 30, 294, 295 
Ragan, A. H., 95 

Raisin, Margaret Ann (Boyer) , Mrs. 

Medford M., 146 

Medford Macall, 146 
Capt. William I., 146 
Raleigh, Sir Walter, 300 
Ramey, Anna Rebecca (Knight) Brau, 

Mrs. D. K., 399 
D. K., 399 
Randall, Richard H., 184 
Randolph, John, 199 

Lavinia, 49 
Rappahannock River, 146 
Rappaport, Armin E., Henry L. Stim- 

son and Japan, 1931-33, 396 
Rasin, Isaac Freeman, 97 fE., 104, 112 ff., 

121, 122, 233, 234, 236 ff. 
" RatclifTe Manor," 67 
Rawlings Continental Regiment, 60 
Rawlins, Gen. John A., 95 
Ray, Rep. [James E., Jr.], 116 
Rayner, Isador, 98, 101, 104 ff., 109, 

110, 113, 114, 116, 117, 119 ff., 233, 

234, 236 ff. 
"Readbourne," Queen Anne's County, 

67 ff. 

Reckord, Milton A., 301 

" Recent Archaecdogical Discoveries in 

Maryland," by T. Latimer Ford, 303 
The Recruitment of Negro Troops 

IN Maryland, by John W. Blass- 

ingame, 20-29 
Red Lane, Baltimore, 230 
Redcay, W. Harold, 187 
Reed, Philip, 197 
Reese, Mr., 353 
Charles, 353 
Register of Marylanders in the Armed 

Forces— World War II, 301 
Reid, Whitelaw, 1, 10, 13, 15, 17, 18 
Reis, Gen., 236, 238 
Reistetstown, Baltimore County, 147, 


Reisterstown Road, Baltimore, 225 



" The Renascence o£ the Lindens," by 
Mrs. George Maurice Morris, 299 

ReneiMBtr^&m W., 102 

Rennert Hotel, Baltimore, 118, 237 

RepubUmmSammr (Cvan-besIaBd news- 
paper) , 2S9 

Republican Heydey: Republican 
Through the McK'mley Years, by 
Clarence A. Steam, 81 

Restricted Fund, Marftend Historical 
Society, 88, 89 

Resurgent Republicanism: The Handi- 
work of Hanna, by Clarence A. Stern, 

" The Restoration of Old Houses in 
Virginia and Maryland," by Walter 
M. Macomber, 300 

Reviews of Recent Books. 67, 175, 252, 

Rhode River, 45 
Rhodes, Harrison, 311 
Rice, Howard C, Jr., 395 

Rev. Dr., 147 
Rich, A. Hester, 273, 278, 284, 285, 291 

Edward R., 147, 151, 153, 157 

Mrs. Ernest A., 285 
Richards, Rev. Lewis, 275 
Richardson, Elizabeth, 34 

Elizabeth (Ewen) Talbott, 33 

Jos., 34 

Joseph, 34 

Mark, 342 

William, Sr., 34, 49 

William, Jr., 34 
Richmond, Va., 143 ff., 151, 153, 158, 
16G, 1G7 

Richmond and Fredericlcsbuig Rail- 
road, 144, 146, 153 
Riddle, Robert, 349 
Ridgely, Charles, 203 
Ridgely, Capt. Charles, 219, 231, 349 

CoL Charles, 348, 353, 355, 368 

Eugene, 186 

Mrs. Henry, 185, 186 

Mary, 49 

Nicholas, 186 

Nicholas, IV, 186 

Rebecca, 368 
Ridgely's Run, 221 
" Ridgely's Whim," Baltimore, 219, 

225, 230 ff., 348, 360, 366, 368 
Ridout, John, 66 

Rigbie, Elizabeth (Galloway) , Mrs. 
John, 34 
John, 34 
Riggs, Annie Smith, 292 
Riggs Bank, Washington, D. C, 316 
Riley, Edward M., 190 

Rine, Gen., 96 
Risteau, George, 349 

Rebecca (Lux) , Mis. George, 349 
Ritchie, Albert C, 284 
RittM, Mimi, 284 
"River Queen," (steamer), 166 
The Road to Independence: A Docu- 
mentary History of the Causes of 
the American Revolution: 1763-1776, 
edited by John Braeman, 189; re- 
viewed, 259-260 
Roanoke, Va., 383 
Robert E. Lee (submarine) , 304 
Roberts, Ernest, 292 

Jonathan, 225 
Roberts Park, Baltimore, 212, 213 
Robert3(»i, James I., Jr., The Stone- 
wall Brigade, 189 
Robeson, Mrs. Andrew, 292 
Robin (Negro), 36 
Robinson, J. G., 324 

Sen. Thomas, 115, 121, 233, 234, 

236, 237, 241 
Tom, 120 
Capt. W. M., 229 
Rochester, Nathaniel, 208 
Rockville, Montgomery County, 158, 

Rodda, Martin, 329 
Rodgers, John G., 102, 114 
Rodgers Forge, 227 
Rogers, Mt., 140 

E. Lloyd, lS9ff. 
Rogers, Grace L., " Lace, The Queen 
of Fabrics," 299 
Nicholas, 229 
Ro!and Avenue, Baltimore, 214, 226, 

230, 231, 349, 352, 354, 357, 363 
Roland Park, Baltimore City, 211, 213, 
214, 225, 231, 349, 350, 35411., 359, 

Roland Park Company, 356, 357, 367 

" The Role of Historic Attractions in 
Tourist Deveiopmmit," by Gilbert A. 
Crandan, 303 

Rollins, Alfred B., Jr., Roosevelt and 
Howe, reviewed, 75-76 

Romney, W. Va., 161 

Roosevelt and Hopkins, by Robert 
Sherwood, 75 

Roosevelt and Howe, by Alfred B. Rol- 
lins, Jr., reviewed, 75-76 

Roosevelt, Eleanor, Mis. Franklin D., 

Franklin D., 75-76, 393, 394 
Theodore, 103 ff., 108, 112, 179, 
182, 240, 242, 245, 280 
Roots, Dr. Thomas, 347 



Rose, George Henry, 197 

I. C, 103, 235, 244 
Rosser, Thomas, 277 

Thomas Lafayette, 154, 159 
Rossiter Avenue, Bakimove, 226 
Rous*; A. L., "New Ligbt on Sir 

Walter Raleigh," 300 
Rudolph, Frederick, The American Col- 
lege and University, reviewed, 70-72 
Rulon- Miller house, Baltimore, 566 
Rural Flour Mills, 225 
Rush, H. W., 99, 104, 236, 241 
Russell, John, 1st Earl Russell, 250- 

Lord, 400 

Rev. Howard H., 183 
Jonathan, 202 
Ruth, Peter, 83 
Sarah, 83 

Sarah (Bordley) , Mrs. Peter, 83 

William, 83 
Rutland, Robert A., 191 
Ryan, [Thomas Fortune], 108, 109, 111, 


Sabine Hall, 78-79 

Sachse, E., and Company, 401 

Edward, 401 

Theodore, 401 
Sadtler, Laura Cooper, 304 
Sugie, Lawrence W., " The Baltimore 

and Ohio in the Civil War," 299 
St. Bees, 125 
St. George, 156 

St. Giles-in-the-Fields, London, 299 
St. James Parish, Anne Arundel Coun- 
ty, 34 

St. John's College, 3, 48, 286 
St. Leonard's Creek, Calvert County, 

St. Louis, Mo., 96 

"St. Louis from Lucas Place," by E. 

Sachse, 401 
St. Lake's Pariril, Charch Hill, 85 
" Saint Mary's Bow," Baltimore, 225 

St. Mary's County, 282 
St. Mary's Female Orphan Asylum, 353 
St. Paul's Church, Baltimore County, 
344, 371 

St. Peter's Church, Philadelphia, 48 
Saints and Sectaries: Anne Hutchinson 
and the Antinomian Controversy in 
the Massachusetts Bay Colony, by 
Emory Battis, 81 
Salisbury, 333, 331 

The Salmon King of Oregon R. D. 
Hume and the Pacific Fisheries, by 
Gordon B. Dodds, 189 

Sam (Negro) , 36 
Sam Weller (tug) , 304 
■' Samuel's Delight," Baltimore City, 

"SfffiMt^ Hepe," &tMmme, 238, 229 

Sanborn llHurance Map$, 289 

Sandburg, Carl, 166 

Sanderson, Miss, 50 

Saratoga Springs, N. Y., 97, 185, 251 

Satyr Hill, 227 

Saulsbury, Senator Willard, of Dela- 
ware, 113 

Savannah, Ga., 264 

Saylor, Lucinda (Knight) , 399 

Scabbs, Mr., 102 

Scarborough, Katherine, 34 

Scarff, John H., 273 

Sdiairf, J. Thomas, 22, 208, 335 

Schlesinger, Arthur, 72 

Schley, Buchanan, 104, 113, 115, 117, 
119, 120, 122, 234 
Winfield Scott, 116 

Schocmaker & Reynolds, Messrs., 375 

Schonfeld, Robert G., 402 

ScHONFELD, Robert G., and Wilson, 
Spe.ncer, The Value of Personal Es- 
tates in Maryland, 1700-1710, 333-343 

School Sisters of Notre Dame, 375, 377 

" Schoolboitse Branch," 215 

Schultz, Edward T., 378 

Schultze, John, 168 

Schurz, Carl, 14 

Scott, Mr., 380 

Emmctt J., 321 

Rossitcr, 218, 219, 225, 226, 231 
Rossitcr, Jr., 226 
Thomas, 226 
Townsend, 226 
Winfield, 4, 48, 96 
Scott Guards, 96 

" Scott's Mill," Baltimore, 220, 225, 231 
Scott's Run, 224 

Sears, Louis Martin, 196, 198, 199, 209 

Seawright, Thomas B., 401 

Secession Conventions of the South, 

by Ralph A. Wooster, reviewed, 391- 


2nd Legislative District, Baltimore City, 

2nd Maryland .Artillery, C. S. A., 150, 

2nd Maryland Battery, 150 
Second Maryland Infantry, C. S. A., 
150, 161 

2nd North Carolina Cavalry, 152 
2nd Virginia Cavalry, 161 
"Seedttcks Plenty," Baltimore County, 
213, 220, 221 


Selby, "Enoch," 102 

J. W., 102 
Seligmann, Herbert J., 312 ft, 318 
Semi-Weekly Misshsippian (newspaper), 


Seminar in Maryland History, 266, 295 
Semmes, John E., 54, 55, 61, 300 
Seneca River Ducking Club, 280 
Setter Hill, Baltimore County, 227 
The Seven Arts (magazine) , 254 
7th Cavalry, 154 
Seventh Street, Laurel, 264 
Seventh Street Road, Washington, 

D. C, 95, 315 ft 
7th U.S. ex., 27 
7th Virginia Cavalry, 147 
Severn, Battle of, 32 
Severn River, 43 
Seward, William H., 2, 3, 9 
Shaffer, Marian Mettam, 170 
Shannon, A. H., 310 
Sharp, Capt. Walter D., 70 
Sharpsburg, 155 
Shaw, Dr., 118, 235 
Mr., 119 

George Bernard, 254 
Shaw, Virginia E., deValinger, Leon, 
and, editors, A Calendar of Ridgely 
Family Letters, 1742-1899 in '^the 
Delaware State Archives, reviewed, 

Shaw and Shoemaker, American Bibli- 
ography, 281 
Shehan, Mr., 119 

Sheperdstown, W.Va., 155, 159, 160 

Sheppard, Moses, 286 

Sheppard Vm.t Asylum, 228, 349 

^re^e, 1%»»as, 228 

" Sheredine's Diseovery," Baltimore, 

217, 231. 368, 373 
^eridan. Gen. Philip H., 151, 152, 


Sherlock, Elizabeth, 49 
Sherman, John, 14 

Sherwood, Robert, Roosevelt and Hop- 
kins, 75 

Sherwood Gardens, 211, 215 

Shipcarvers of North America, by M. V. 
Brewington, 81; reviemed, 390-391 

Shipley, Frank, 102 

aiippasd, Mr., 140, 141 

Shirk, Ida M., 32 

Shively, Mr., 119 

Shoemaker, Samuel, 145 

Shoreham Hotel, Washington, D. C, 
233, 234 

Shreve, Jack, 265 

Shriver, Jacob, 229 

ShuU, Thelma, The Settthern Frontier, 

Sidelights, 62, 173, 247, 378 
Sidney, J. C., 215, 225, 226, 352, 355, 
361, 375 

" Sign of the Green Tree," Washing- 
ton, Pa., 401 
Silver Spring, Montgomery County, 158 
Silverzen, Mr., 102 
Simkins, Francis Butler, The Everlast- 
ing South, 396 
Simmons, Edward N., Confederate 

Handguns, 395 
Simmons, Sen. [Fumifold], 119, 256 
Simms, N. H., 305 
Simpson, Robert D., 332 
Sioussat, Annie Leakin, 274 
Sioussat, Annie Leakin, Old Manors in 
the Colony of Maryland, 277 

St. George, 274. 277 
6th \'irginia Cavalry, 147 
Skaggs, David C, 178 
Skinner, Milcah, 49 
Skordas, Gust, 382 
Slater, John L., 102 
Slee, Jessie, 273, 278, 285 
SlingM, Fielder C, 160 ft 

Jt*n, 147, 151 
Smallwood, Mt., 94 

Gen. WilHam, 256, 327 
Smith, Dr., 130 

Senator, HI 

Alan M., 260 

Dora (Albert) , Mrs. Alexander 

Crawford, Sr., 219 
Ellen Hart, 79, 389, 391 

F. Wilson, 293 
Frank, 114, 234, 240 

G. Hubert, 265, 384 

Smfth, G. Hubert, Archaeological Ex- 
ploration at Fort McHenry, 1958, 

Dr. James, 137 

John, 33 

Gov. [John Walter], 97, 104, 109, 
110, 111, 113, 114, 116, 117ft, 
233, 234, 236 ft 
R. Gardner, 275 
Robert, 194, 201 
Smith, Robert C, " Philadelphia Fur- 
niture and Woodwork," 299 

Samuel, 182, 194, 195, 197, 202, 

203, 210, 378, 380 
Wilson, 385 
Smithsonian Institution, 265, 299, 304, 

Snow Hill, 327 



Society for the Colonization of Liberia, 

Society for the History of The Ger- 
mans in Maryland, 263 

Society for the Preservation of Mary- 
land Antiquities, 83, 298 ff., 397 

Society of Colonial Dames in the State 
of Maryland, 303 

Society of Daughters of Colonial Wars, 

Society of Friends, 181 
Society of the Cincinnati, 303 
Soldiers' Home, Washington, D. C, 

Somerset County, 381 

Somerset County Historical Society, 302 

Somerville family, 274 

Sons of Liberty, 127 

The Southern Frontier, by John An- 
thony Caruso, 396 

Sophia (brig) , 206 

Sothoron, John H., 27 

South Anna River, 147, 150 

South Branch of the Potomac River, 

South River, 33, 214 

Southcomb, Elizabeth (Ruth) , Mrs. 
Plummer, 84 

Capt. Plummer, 84 

Southern Railroad, 120 

Sparrow, Soloman, S4 

" Sparrows Rest," Anne Arundel Coun- 
ty, 41 

Speers, T., 242 

Spencer, Mr., 120 

Spencer, [John C], 117, 120, 239, 242, 

243, 244 
Wilson, 402 
Spencer, Wilson, Schonfield, Robert 

G., and. The Value of Personal 

Estates in Maryland, 1700-1710, 333- 


" Spicer's Stony Hills," Baltimore, 222 

Spies, 84-85 

Spofford, Ainsworth, 12, 15 ff. 
Sprackling, Mrs. Helen, " History on 

the Table Top," 298 
Sprigg, Elizabeth [Galloway], Mis. 
Thomas, 41, 42, 45, 46 
Henrietta, 44 
Margaret, 44 

Margaret [Caile], Mrs. Richard, 42, 
44, 46 

Richard, 42 ff. 

Thomas, 42, 44, 46 

family, 30, 53 
Spring Grove, 289 
" Springdale," Baltimore, 215 

" Springfield," Baltfanore, 229 

Springfield, lU., 251 

" Springvale," Baltimore County, 213 ff. 

Stamp Act, 126, 127 

Stanley, Charles H., 264 

William, Jr., 264 
Stansbury, Alfred M., 173 

Charles, 173 

Ann [Biays], Mrs. James B., 173- 

Charles H., 173 
Dickson, 173 
Edward, 173 

Elizabeth [Rawleigh], Mrs. James 
B., 174 

George, 173 
James, 173 

Dr. James B., 173-174 
Joseph, 173 
Lambert, 174 
Marcus, 174 
Theodore, 1 74 
Stanton, Edwin M., 20, 21, 23, 24, 166 
Stark Co., Ohio, 265 
The State and Dissenters in the 
REVtMLtJTiON, by Thomas O'Brien 
Hanley, S.J., 325-3K 
State ttouse, Annapolis, 272 
State Street Bank and Trust Co., of 

Boston, 305 
Staunton, Va., 150 

Steam Packets on the Chesapeake, 288 
" Steamboating on the Chesapeake," by 

H. Graham Wood, 298 
Steele's Tavern, 198 
Steffans, Lincoln, 179 
Stein, Charles F., " Fresh Lights on 

Calvert County History," 298 
Stein, Charles F., A History of Calvert 

County, Maryland, 276 
Steiner, Bernard C, 4, 14, 16, 17, 197 
Stephens, James M., 215, 361 

John Lloyd, 252 
Stephenson, Wendell H., 264 

Widow, 229 
Sterling, Mrs., 50 

Stern, Clarence A., Republican Hey- 
dey, 81 

Stem, Clarence A., Resurgent Repub- 
licanism, 81 

Stem, Malcolm, Americans of Jewish 
Descent, 281 

Sterrett, Samuel, 205 

Steuart, Dr. George, 42 
Dr. James, 44 

Rebecca [Sprigg], Mrs. James, 44 
Richard S., 42, 44 
William Calvert, 305 



Steveas, Thaddeus, 9, 15, 258, 287 
Stevenson faniily, 225 
" Stevenscm's Road," Baltimore, 225 
Slier, Charles, 43 
Henri, 43 

Rosalie Eugenia, 43 
Stiles, Ezra, 385, 386 
Stimson, Henry L., 396 
Stockett, Henrietta, 49 
Stockton, Ann, 49 

Catlierine, 49 
Stoddert, Benjamin, 197 
Stokes, Mrs. John C, 271 
Stone, Capt. William, 32 

Sen. [William J.], of Missouri, 
106 ft., 115, 235, 246 
" Stone's Delight," Baltimore, 227, 228 
The Stonewall Brigade, by James I. 

Robertson, Jr., 189 
Stony Run, Baltimore City, 211-213, 

Stony Run Lane, Baltimore, 214 

Stover, John, 229 

Stratford Hall, Va., 143 

Straughn, L. E., 24 

Strausburg, W. Va., 163 

" Strawberry Hill," Anne Arundel 

County, 43, 44, 46 ff. 
Strceter, S. F., 28 
Strouse, I. L ., 1 14 
Stuart, Gen. J. E. B., 152 ff., 159 
" Sudbrook," Baltimore County, 157 
Studies in Maryland History, 293, 294 
" Sudley," Anne Arundel County, 30, 

50, 382 
Sullivan, Yankee, 282 
SuUy, Thomas, 290 
Sultzer, W., 108 

Sumner, Charles, 14, 16, 17, 258 
Sumwalt Run, 211, 224, 347 
Sunpapers, 58, 97, 192, 299, 302 
Sim'ey Atlas of England and Wales, 

by [John] Bartholomew, 344 
Survey Gazeteer of the British Isles, 

by [John] Bartholomew, 344, 357 
" Surveyor's Point," Baltimore County, 


Surveyors Spring, 229, 230 

The Susquehanna Papers, edited by 
Julian P. Boyd, 288 

Sutherland, B. C, 102 

" Sutro's Wednesday Evening," 299 

Swallow Bam, by John Pendleton Ken- 
nedy, reviewed, 180 

Swann, Thomas, 48 

Swarm, Virginia Moore, 271 

Sweeny, George, 157, 158, 162 

Snyder, [C. S.], 77 
Symington, Katherine S., 307 

Taft, Pres. William H., 59 
Taggard, Thomas, 118 
Talbot County, 99 

Talbot County Historical Society, 300 
Talbott, Edward, 34 
Elizabeth, 34 

Elizabeth [Ewen], Mrs. Richard, 33 
g. Fred. C], 109, 110, 113, 114, 
118, 120, 121, 233, 234, 236, 238 
Richard, 32, 33 
Talbott AvenHc, Laurel, 264 
Taliaferro, Sea. [Jamra P.], of Florida, 

Taney, Roger B., 208 
Tawes, J. Millard, 299 
Tax Stamps, 1765, 395 
Taylor, Abraham H., 98 

Esther N., 273 , 275, 278, 284, 287 

Rev. Gordon C, 299 

John, 33, 34 

John W., 272 

Mary, 375 

Richard, 227 

Robert. 355, 357, 361, 375 
Sophia, 49 
William, 51 
Teller, [Henry M.], of Colorado, 105, 

117, 120 

'I cnnant, Capt., 229 

Tenth Street, Washington, D. C, 317 

Tcnthouse Creek, 34 

Thackeray, William M., The Vir- 
ginians, 176 

Thane, Elswyth, Potomac Squire, 189; 
reviewed, 260-261 

Their Rights and Liberties, by Thomas 
O'Brien Hanley, 402 

Thirty-First Report of The Society For 
the History of the Germans in Mary- 
land, edited by Klaus G. Wust, 263 

Third Haven Meeting, 382 

Third Haven Yearly Meeting, 68 

,Srd North Carolina Cavalry, 152 

3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry, 162 

34th Virginia Cavalry, 147, 154 

$:)th Virginia Cavalry, 147 

36th Virginia Cavalry, 154 

36th Virginia Infantry, 159 

37th Virginia Cavalry, 154 

This Was Chesapeake Bay, by Robert 
H. Burgess, 896 

Thorn, Mary, 273 

Thomas, Benjamin P., 20 
Doug., 120 
Elizabeth, 50 



John, 267 

John Hanson, 202, 203 

John L., 171, 271, 286, 287, 305 

Lawrence Buckley, 32 ft., 41 

Lorenzo, 20 

M. A., 98 

Fwm^ m 

Sarah, 54 
Major W. H., 104 
William, 267 
William S., 171, 287 
Thomas and Hugg Memorial Building, 
Maryland Historical Society, 171, 172, 
267 ft., 272, 292, 294, 301 ff., 305 If.. 
Cover, June 
Thomas family, 271 
Thomas house, 90 
Thompson, Capt. Alexander, 84 
Edith, 273, 278, 285 
Elizabeth [Sprigg], Mrs. Hu|^, 44 
Hugh, 44 

Mary Maria [Ruth], Mrs. Alex- 
ander, 84 
Thornton, Dr. Thomas, 66 
Thoreau, Henry David, 212 
Three Mile House, 168 
Thurmont, 395 
Tibbett, Mr., 109 
Tilghman, Margaret, 49 

Mary, 49 

Oswald, 196 

Judge Richard Cook, 274 
Col. Tench, 70 
Tench Francis, 254 

family, 274 
Tillman, Sen. [Benjamin R.], of South 

Carolina, 104, 106, 246 
Timberlake, James H., Prohibition in 

the Progressive Movement: 1900-1920, 

reviewed, 182-183 
Times (Washington newspaper) , 313 
Timmons, Thomas, 24 
Tipton, Jonathan, 229 
Tittle, Jeremiah, S52 
Todhu«(ter, Catherine, 49 

£li»!feeth, 49 
Tolstoy, Leo, 254 
Tom (Negro) , 36, 141 
Torbert, Alice Coyle, Orr, Gertrude, 

and. Guide to Old Georgetown, 81 
Tower Hill, London, 68 
Towner and Landstreet, 138, 145 
Townshend Acts, 127 
Towson, Baltimore County, 390 
Towson High School, 284 
Towson Run, 229 
Tows<Ki State College, IM, 270 
"Towson's Tavern," Blikimore. 349 

Towsontown, Baltimore County, 358 

Tracey, E. I., 102 

Tracy, Thady O., 227 

Trader, Arthur, 221, 345 

Travels in North America in the Years 
mo, 1781 and 1782, by the Marquis 
de C^aMcitex, 395 

Treacy, W. F., Prelude to Yhrklciwn: 
The Southern Campaign of Na- 
thaniel Greene, 1780-81, 395 

Treasury Building, Washington, D. C, 

Tred Haven Creek, 382 
Trefousse, H. L., Benjamin Franklin 
Wade: Radical Republican from 
Ohio, 188; reviewed, 258-259 
Trevilian's, Battle of, 154, 168 
Trinity Cathedral, Easton, 147 
Trinity Episcopal Church, Baltimore, 

Tripathi, Dr. C. P., 264 

Trollope, Anthony, 274 

Troxall, Naomi E., 377 
Wilson R., 377 

Troxell, Thomas P., 377 

Trupp, Mrs. Bernard, 271 

Tucker, Louis Leonard, Puritan Pro- 
tagonist, reviewed, 384-385 

Tuesday Club, 62-66, 177 

" Tulip Hill," Anne Arundel County, 
32, 34, 382 

"Tulley's Delight," Queen Anne's 
County, 69 

Turner, Lewis, 377 

Turner, Lynn W., William Plumer of 
New Hampshire, 1759-1850, reviewed, 
Sam, 114 

12th Regiment Maryland Volunteers, 

Twelfth Street, Washington, D. C, 315 
12th Virginia Cavalry, 147 
Twenty-Fifth Street, Baltimore, 229 
21st Virginia Cavalry, 154 
Twenty-Seventh Annual Report of The 

Archivist of the Hall of Records: 

State of Maryland, July 1, 1961-June 

SO, 1962, 263 
23rd Illinote Infantry, 148 
25th Street, Bakiiftrare, 230 
Twenty-Ninth Street, Baltimore 215 
Two Centuries of Brothersvalley 

Church of the Brethren, 1762-1962, 

by H. Austin Cooper, 288 
Tyler, John, 208 



Tyson, A. Morris, 292 
Raymond W., 86 
TvsoN, Raymonb W., Henry Winter 
Davis: Ortdof for the Union, 1-19 

Underwood, William, 290 

Union Civil War Room, Maryland His- 
torical Society, 267 

Union Mill, Baltimore, 218 

Union Run, 222, 231 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, 

*' The United States Array General 
Hospital, Patt^sQQ Park., ^Itimore," 
by E. Sachse, #1 

The U.S. Army in World War 11, 295, 

United States Arsenal, 156 
U. S. Department of Agriculture, 283, 

U. S. Department of the Army, 295 
U. S. Educational Foundation in India, 

U.S. Library of Congress, 401 
U. S. Lil»ary ot Congress, compiler, 
The Nntkmal l/kfen Catalog of 
Mmnmcript Collections, 1959-1961, 

United States Lines, 304 
U. S. National Museum, 250 
U.S. Naval Academy, 43, 304, 305 
U. S. Navy Department, 277, 283 
United States I'ost Oflice Department, 

United States Supreme Court, 278 
University of California at Los Angeles, 

University of Delaware, 399 
University of Maryland, 86, 278, 289, 

293, 296, 402 
University (if Missachusetts, 303 
University of Mississippi, 86 
University of North Carolina, 400 
University ot Oregon, 264 
University ot Pennsylvania, 303 
University of Tennessee, 400 
University of Virginia, 4, 159, 192, 283, 


University of Wisconsin, 264 
University Parkway, Baltimore, 215, 

219, 220, 226, 230, 231, 348 
Upland Road, SMmor^, 3S6 
" Urban Renewal} A Tool for Historic 

Preservation," by Orrin M. Bullock, 


Urbana, Illinois, 174 

U. S.-Iana, compiled by Howes Wright, 


Utica, N.Y., 148 

Vaile, Rep. [William Newell], of Col- 
orado, 320 
Valley Lee, St. Mary's County, 84 
The Value of Personal Estates in 
Maryland, 1700-1710, by Robert G. 
Scbonfeld and Spencer Wilspn, 333- 

Van Bibber, Miss, 223 

Abraham, 349 ff., 372 
Van Bibber's Run, 221 
Van Horne, Archibald, 196 
Van Meter, Mr., 148 
Van Meter house, 161, 162 
Van Nappen, Charles L., 335 
Van Tyne, Claude Halstead, 128 
Vance, William, 354 
Vandiver, Murray, 87, 99, 104 ff., 109, 

113 ft., 118 ft., 234, 238 
Vanhillen, George, 235 
Vanbiber, Lucretia, 49 
Vaughan, Rachel N., 376 
"Vauxhall," Baltimore City, 217, 218, 

230, 231, 361, .363, 368 
Vawter, William A., Ill, 191 
Veaaey, G. Ross, 285, 294 
VeMkctamani, M. S., 264 
Victorian Antiques, by Thelma ShuU, 


Virginia (steamer) , 166 
C. S. S. Virginia (ship) , 305 
Virginia Central Railroad, 152 ft. 
Virginia Historical Society, 270, 303 
Virginia Military Institute, 159 
The Virginians, by William M. Thack- 
eray, 176 
Volpe, John \., 299 
Volstead Act, 182 
Vosburgh, Leonard, 79, 81 

Wachter, Frank C, 106, 110, 114 
Wade, Benjamin Franklin, 188, 258- 

Wade-Davis Manifesto, 2, 258 

Wagandt, Charles L., 265 

ion of Maryland on the Emancipation 
Proclamation Bernal to Russell, 
Sept. 23, 1862, 250-252 

Wagner, Mrs. Frederick W., Jr., 397 

Wakefield, John, 214 

Walker, James, 345, 346 
Christopher, 232 

Walkers Mill, 228 

Wallabout Bay, 59 

Wallis, Severn Teackle, 274 

Walsh, Richard, 247 

Wante, P. W., 225 

Warburton Manor, Prince George's 
County, 286 



Ward, J. W., 357 

Patricia Ann Spain, 284 
Waifield, Edwin, 102, 105, 115, 116, 
120, 245, 246 

J. D., 33 

J. W., 102 

S. Davieg, 99 

Senator Surrat D., 265 
Warner, Ezra J., 151 
Warrenton, Va., 53 

Washington, George, 43, 55, 60, 70, 94, 

133, 134, 188, lis, 280-261 
Lund, 260 
Washington, D. C, 5, 77-78, 94, 9:), 

97, 99, 101, 113, 118, 157, 158, 166 ff., 

182, 189, 192, 197, 203, 250, 251, 389 
Washington, Pa., 401 
Washington Bee (newspaper) , 314, 

315, 321, 324 
Washington Constitution (newspaper) , 


Washington County, 99 
Washington County Historical Society, 

Washington Daily Chronicle (news- 
paper) , 16 

Washington Herald (newspaper), 312 ff. 
" Washington Monument and Howard's 

Park," painting, 272 
Washington Police Department, 313, 


Washington Post (Washington news- 
paper). 98, 313, 315, 318 

The Washington Race War of July, 
1919, by Lloyd M. Abernathy, 309- 

Washington Village and Capital, 1800- 

1S78, by Constance McLaughlin 

Green, reviewed, 77-78 
" Waterford," St. Mary's County, 214 
Waters, Francis, 122 

John, 98 
Watkins, John, 46 

Stephen, 46 
" Watkins Inheritance," Anne Arundel 

County, 46 
Watkins Neck, Anne Arundel County, 


Watson, Mark S., 394 
Wat[t]erson, Henry, 109 
Watts, Catherine Louise [Mettam], Mrs. 
Philip, 170 

Philip, 170 

Tom, 139 ff. 
Waverly, Baltimore, 229 
Waynesboro, Va., 145 
Webb, Mr., 120 
Webster, Michael, 214 

Michael, Jr., 214 

Sidney, 109 
"Webster's Inlargeraent," Baltimore 

County, 214 
Weed, Thurlow, 2 
Weems Steamship Line, 290 
Weinberg, Robert, 301 
Welles, Gideon, 3, 9 
Wells, H. G., 254 

Madeline, H., 273, 274, 279, 284 
Wellington, Duke of, 389 
Wertenbaker, Thomas J., 339 
Wertz, Lavinia [Knight], 399 
Weslager, C, A., 224 
Wesley, John, 329 

West Baltimore Street, Baltimore, 145 
West Monument Street, Baltimore, 171, 

267, 268 
West Point, N. Y., 154, 162 
West, Richard S., Mr. Lincplfi's Navy, 


West River, 50, 35, 34, 41 R., 45, 49 ff., 
53, 382 

West River Farm, 42, 44 ff., 52 

West River Quaker Meeting, 33, 34, 

41, 44, 53 
West St. Mary's Manor, 84 
The Western Journals of Dr. George 

Hunli-r, 179b-l806, edited by John 

Francis McDermott, 263 
Western Maryland College, 276 
Western Maryland Railroad, 113, 157 
Western Run, 227 
Westminster, 156 
Westmoreland, Va., 167 
Weston, B. Latrobe, 356 
Weston, B. Latrobe, " Before Roland 

Park," 355 ff. 
Whalers' Museum, New Bedford, 304 
Wheeler, Maj. Gen. Joseph, C. S. A., 80 
Joseph Towne, 138, 178 
Mason, 373 
Sarah, 50 
William, 228 
Wheeler Leaflets on Maryland History, 

267, 293, 302 
"Wheeler's Lot," Baltimore City, 230, 

231, 373 
Wheeling, W. Va., 160, 163 
The Whirligig of Politics: The Democ- 
racy of Cleveland and Bryan, by J. 

Rogers Hollingsworth, ^ 
Whiskey Rebellion, 185 
Whistler, James M., 253 
Whitbourne, Richard, A Discourse an4 

Discovery of New-Found-Land, 276 



White, Lieut. Eben, 27 

Lt. Col. Elijah V., 147 

Frank F., Jr., 30, 79, 80, 185, 192 
White, Frank F., Jr., Dr. James B. 
Stansbury, 173-174 

Jas., 102 

Lucius R., Jr., 270 
White House, Washii^;(OB,, 6. C,, S, 

104, 300, 316, 319 
White Marsh, 227, 229 
White Marsh Run, 227 
Whitehall, Walter Muir, 299 
Whitehaven, Egremont, England, 344 
" Whites Hall," Anne Arundel County, 


Whitney, [William C], 109, 111, 112, 
238, 239 

Whyte, William P., 98, 101, 105 
VVickcs, Joseph, 287 
Wickham's Crossing, 153, 154 
Wild Fund, Matfljind Historical So- 
ciety, 88, 89 
Wildey Monument, 289 
Wiley, Bell 1., "Dear Folk: Home 
I^etters of Johnny Reb and Billy 
Yank," 298 
Wilhelm, Jane, 81 
Wilkes, Charles, 252, 253 
Wilkinson, Walls L., 234, 236 
" Wilkinson's Folly," Baltimore County, 

William and Mary College, 46, 166 
William Fitzhugh and His Chesapeake 

World, 1676-1701, by Richard Beale 

Davis, 81 

William Goddard, Newspaperman, by 
Ward L. Miner, 288; reviewed, 178 
William Plumer of New Hampshire, 
1759-1850, by Lynn W. Turner, re- 
viewed, 181-182 
Williams, Mr., 104, 110, 234, 245 
Elizabeth Chew, 267, 292 
George Weems, 219, 365, 366 
Mrs. George Weems, 219, 307, 365, 

cover, Sept. 
Henry, 98 
[John W.], 114 
Maria, 49 
Mary, 49 

Huntington, 285, 291 
W., 226 
William, 226 

Williams Fund, Maryland Historical 

Society, 88, 89 
Williamsburg, Va., 63, 67, 272, 383 
Williamson, Mr., 140 
Willow Avenue, Baltimore, 226 
Willow Farm, 226 

Wiluians, Henry, 345 
Wilmer, Dr., 244 

Wilmington Society of the Fine Arts, 

Wilmslow Road, Baltimore, 355 
Wilson, David S., 372 
Henry, 14 

James, 196, 215, 349, 350 

Sen. jjoseph S.], 115 

Spencer, 402 

Thomas, 58 

Virgkiia A., 292 

William C, 214, 215 
Wilson, William S., Predictions of a 
Civil War: 1832, S78-380 

William S., Jr., 380 

William S., Ill, 402 

Pres. Woodrow, 179, 182, 309, 318, 
320, 322 

family, 213 
" Wiltondale," Baltimore, 227 
•' Wilton Villa," Baltimore City, 353 
Wiltsc, [G. M.], 77 

Winans Beach, Anne Arundel County, 

" Winans' Cigar Boat," painting, 272 
Winans Long Bridge, 139 
Winchester, Va., 147, 148, 155, 159 

Winder, Gen., 228 
William, 205, 206 

" Windhurst," Baltimore City, 216, 

Windsor, Duchess of, 363 

Wineman, Walter Ray, The London 
Carter Papers in the University of 
Virginia Library, reviewed, 78-79 

Wingfield, John, 214 

Winterthur Museum, 67 

Wirt, William, 180, 182, 278, 280, 290 

Witcher, Lt. CoL V. A., 147 

Woestemeyer, Ina Faye, 335 

Wolf (sloop) , 287 

Wolf, Edwin, 2nd, American Song 
Sheets Slip Ballads and Poetical 
Broadsides 1850-1870, 188; reviewed, 

WoUaston, John, 307 

Wood, Mr., 55 

Graham, 304, 305 

Wood, H. Graham, " Steamboating on 
the Chesapeake," 298 

Wood, Judson P., translator, The New 
Democracy in America: Travels of 
Francisco de Miranda in the United 
States, 1783-84, 396 
William, 56 

WoodaU, Eliza, Mis. John, 186 

" Woodberry," Baltimore, 212, 213, 222 



"Woodlawn," Baltimore City, 355-360 
Woodlawn Road, Baltimore, 356 
Woods, Mr., 83 

Dr., 376, 377 

Be^imin W^, J76, S77 

Elfeabeth [Ch«*], Mrs. Hiram, 357 

Hiram, 356 ff. 

Hiram, Jr., 357, 359 

Lucy Chase, 356 

family, 356 
Woodson, Carter G., 310 
Woodstock, Howard County, 102 
\Voodstock College, 290 
Woodville family, 287 
Woolman, John, 181, 186 
Woolrich, Philip, 218 
Wooster, Ralph A., The Secession Co«- 
ventions of the South, reviewed, 391- 

Worthington Valley, 147, 156 
Wright, Arthur, 214 
Fanny, 252, 253 
Robert, 194, 196 
Thomas, 305 
Wrightman, Richard, 99 
Wroth, Lawrence C, 178 
Wust, Klaus G., editor, Thirty-First 
Report of The Society For the Mis- 
tory of The Germam in Mttrylemd, 

"Wye House," Talbot County, 67, 68 

\Vyman Park, Baltimore, 211, 219, 231 
Wyman springhouse, 211 
Wyman's Run, 221 
Wyndhurst, 218 

Wyndhurst Avenue, Baltimore, 218, 
219, 2S0, 354, 356 ft., 360, 362 

Wyndhurst Road, Baltimore, 231, 232, 
361, 364 

Wynnewood Apartments, Baltimore, 

Wytrwal, Joseph, America's Polish 
Heritage, reviewed, 73-73 

Yale University, 161, 384-585 

Yates, Maj. Thomas, 229 

¥Mow Tavern, Va., 152 

York, Pa., 229, 390 

York County, Va., 347 

York Road, Baltimore, 213, 2l7, 225 K., 

348, 368, 369, 371 ff. 
York Turnpike Road, 353, 354, S62 
Yorktown, Va., 70. 329, 395 
Young, Hugh Hampton, 216, 354 
James, 112, 115 
William, 63 
" Young Man's Adventure," Baltimore 

County, 227 

/.e»fer, John Peter, 178 
^uMGrmsn, frim David, 273 
ZoUer, Mrs. Henry, Jr., 271